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YEAR 1893. 


PART I-Reports of Trustees, President and Treasurer. 

PART II-Beport of the Director of the Agricultural 
Experiment Station. 






Report of the Board of Trustees, 5 

Report of the President: 

The Condition of the College Buildings, • 9 

Finances, 10 

The Examining Committee, 10 

The Commencement, 11 

The Government of the College, 11 

The Order of the Year, 12 

The College Regulations, 13 

Admission to the College, 14 

Certificates of Fitness, 16 

The Distribution of Herbariums, 16 

The Faculty and Departments, 16 

The Experiment Station, 17 

The Boarding House, v 17 

Additions to Equipment, 17 

The Courses of Study, 18 

Electrical Engineering, 18 

A Preparatory Medical Coure, 19 

A Course in Pharmacy, 19 

A Course in Library Economy, 20 

Special Courses, 20 

Short Courses in Agriculture, 20 

The Daiiy Course, 20 

The Short Course in Carpentry, 21 

Extension Courses, 21 

Public Addresses by the Faculty. 22 

Needs of the College, 22 

Drill Hall and Gymnasium, 22 

Dormitory Accommodations, 22 

A Woman's Dormitory, 23 

A Heat and Light Plant, 23 


Report of the President — Concluded, page. 

Houses for the Faculty, 23 

House for the Military Instructor, 24 

The Library 24 

The Number of Students, 24 

A Loan Fund, 25 

Endowment 25 

Report of the Treasurer : 

The Endowment and Income, 2S 

General Statement of Eeceipts and Expenditures for the year 

ending June 30, 1893, 29 

Account with the Morrill Fund, * 31 

The Experiment Station Account, 32 

Account brought down to December 1, 1893, 32 

Appendix : 

The College Regulations, ■ 35 

The Short Course in Agriculture, 42 

The Catalogue of Alumni, 45 

Hie Annual Catalogue. 

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To the Honorable Governor and Executive Council of Maine : 

The Trustees of the Maine State College of Agriculture and 
Mechanic Arts, respectfully submit their twenty-fifth annual report, 
with the reports of the President and Treasurer. The past year 
Las been one of prosperity with the college. There have been no 
changes in the Board of Trustees, and but one in the faculty— a 
very important one, a change of presidents. Upon September 1st, 
President Fernald severed his connection with the college, after a 
continuous service of nearly twenty -five years. Commencing his 
duties with its foundation, he devoted his time and ability for a 
quarter of a century to the upbuilding, developing and maintaining 
of this institution. To him, more than to any other person, are its 
present success and high position due. Its many graduates grate- 
fully recall his efforts in behalf of the college and its students, in 
the years that are gone ; and testify, whenever opportunity offers, 
their respect and love for him who, for so many years, was the head 
of their beloved alma mater. For more than a year after President 
Fernald, because of impaired health, had placed his resignation in 
the hands of the Trustees, they were in constant search for a man 
possessing the character, ability, and other necessary qualifications 
to fill his place. More than a score of candidates were considered, 
and finally the choice of the Trustees fell upon Prof. A. W. Harris 
of Washington, D. C, then at the In ad of the Office of Experiment 
Stations in the Department of Agriculture. Just in the prime of 
life, with the strongest endorsements, anel apparently possessing 
every qualification required, he was selected. A ripe scholar, hav- 
ing received the advantages of American and European institutions 
cf learning; and for years connected with the Depaitmentof Agri- 
culture of the National Government, holding an official position, 
the duties of which brought him in contact with the work of all the 


State colleges of the nation, he seemed by training and experience 
to have a peculiar fitness for the presidency of the college. He 
assumed charge at the commencement of the fall term and received, 
as was to be expected, the hearty cooperation and assistance of 
President Fernald and all of the college faculty ; and under his 
direction the affairs of the institution appear to be progressing 
favorably, and with every indication that the new President will in 
no way disappoint the high expectations of his friends and the 
Trustees. His elaborate report, herewith appended, with its sug- 
gestions and recommendations, should be read with care by the peo- 
ple of the State, and especially by those who are interested in the 
present and future welfare of the college. Some of the recom- 
mendations made by him, have been made in the past, by President 
Fernald and by the Trustees. Their importance is emphasized by 
the endorsement of President Harris, who has been quick to perceive 
the needs of the institution, and the weak places that need strength- 
ening. His recommendations are all worthy of careful considera- 
tion. The appropriations made by the last legislature have been 
prudently expended. The improvements lo the campus are exten- 
sive ond noticeable. The President's house, which was seiiously 
damaged by fire since the last report was submitted, has been 
remodelled and improved, both as regards architecture and its con- 
veniences A safe and satisfactory embankment in rear of the tar- 
get range has been built within the sum appropriated for that 
purpose. '1 he want of a drill hall and gymnasium is as great 
to-day as in the past, and the neglect on the part of the State to 
fulfill the spirit of the national law under which the college was 
established, is again referred to by the Trustees, with the hope that 
the next legislature may in their wisdom appropriate sufficient 
money for the erection of a building that shall enable the students 
to perform their cl i ill in the winter, as by law required, as well as 
in the summer, and that such building shall be constructed in a 
manm r to constitute a proper gymnasium. The condition of the 
<\< imitoiy is such that quite extensive icpairs will soon have to be 
made ; and the question will then have to be decided as to whether 
it, trill i"' wiser to simply repair the building, or to remodel it, and 
thereby make it more convenient and better adapted for the pur- 
u hieh it w i l be nsed. 
The number of students in attendance the past year has been 
greater than that of former years, and would doubtless have been 
considerably larger but for the severe business depression. All 


indications point to an increase of numbers the coming year. The 
work of the college is worthy of much commendation. Its faculty 
are conscientious, faithful and able. The institution, it is believed, 
is growing in favor with the people of the State, and the Trustees 
are very hopeful regarding its immediate future. Every year it is 
better fitted to perform its work. It is believed students can here 
acquire a liberal, practical education, for a smaller expenditure of 
money than in any other educational institution of its standing and 
character within the limits of New England. The training it gives 
insures remunerative employment to a majority of its graduates, 
while all aie better fitted to meet life's duties successfully. May 
the young men and young women of the State who shall avail them- 
selves of its advantages, constantly increase in numbers. May its 
friends multiply, and the State and nation continue to make gen- 
erous provision for its maintenance. Then shall it become, as the 
years go by, the grand institution its founders intended, a College 
of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, whose graduates shall be a credit 
to the State and a power for good, wherever their lot in life shall 
be cast. 


President Board of Trustees. 


To the Board of Trustees of the Maine State College: 

Gentlemen : — I have the honor to submit my annual report to 
the Trustees of the Maine Slate College, for the year ending 
December 31, 1893. 

From January 1, 1893, until August 31, 1893, the College was 
under the charge of President Merritt C. Fernald. September 1, I 
assumed the office of President in accordance with the election of 
your Board. It gives me great pleasure to bear testimony to the 
admirable condition in which I found the institution at that time. 
I wish to express my appreciation of the courtesy shown me by the 
members of the faculty and the retiring president, and to acknowl- 
edge my especial indebtedness to him for the care with which he 
arranged numberless details, so as to cause me the least embarrass- 
ment at the beginning of my administration. 

I was well received by the body of students, and greatly grati- 
fied to find in them so gentlemanly and earnest a body of young 


In most cases, the College buildings are in excellent condition. 
The repairs on the President's house have been completed, and 
seem to be thoroughly satisfactory. The Chemical Laboratory will 
need some changes in the heating apparatus, which is insufficient 
to warm the building properly. During the present winter it has 
been necessary to place stoves in two rooms. It is imperatively 
necessary to clear out the cellar of this building and cement the 
floor. It now has a common dirt floor, which is damp both in win- 
ter and summer, making the cellar nearly useless and rendering the 
whole budding unwholesome. The Dormitory has been in use for 
twenty-three years. It is still a strong building, but shows marks 


of wear, and will call for extensive repairs soon. The floors are 
bad, the walls are broken, and the ceilings need continual patching. 
In plan, the building is unsatisfactory, and it is highly desirable to 
remodel the interior. The long halls should be taken out, and the 
space saved, after providing for stairways, used for alcoves and 
bed rooms, the plastering done over in the most durable manner, 
provision made for better ventilation, perhaps by means of fire- 
places in the rooms, and the c liar cemented. The most impera- 
tive need is for new waterclosets of approved form. 

The house used by the Beta Theta Pi Society needs a bath room. 
The boarding house should have new cooking machinery. The 
present appliances are anything but modern, and to do the best 
work it is highly desirable that they should be replaced by proper 
ranges and ovens. In an institution where so much time and 
attention are given to the study of the proper feeding of plants and 
animals, th 3 feeding of students should receive the greatest care 
and the most scientific study. 


Upon assuming office, I found that the College had been antici- 
pating its income, and that a portion of the money which should 
have been available for expenditure daring the present college 
year had already been spent or provided for. This has made it 
necessary to observe the most rigid economy. The necessity for 
such a course has been very unfortunate in some cases, but I am 
persuaded that nothing is so unwise as to allow the expenses of the 
College for any time to exceed its income for the same time. To 
do so is to require future contraction instead of a healthy and 
wholesome growth. 

The College formerly kept four sets of accounts, those of the 
treasurer's office, those of the boarding house, those of the farm, 
and those of the horticultural department. The inconvenience and 
disadvantage of such a system are evident, and I have now brought 
all accounts to the treasurer's office and his books will show in 
detail all tin? receipts and expenses of the College whatsoever. 


1 suggest that I be authorized to request suitable persons, citi- 
z'-n^ of the State, to act as an Examining Committee, to visit the 
College at the time of the spring examinations shortly preceding 


the Commencement, to prepare a written report to your body in 
regard to the College, its courses, its buildings, its facilities, its 
teachers, its students, and any other matters that they think best 
to call to your attention. 


At the Commencement in June, 1893, degrees were conferred 
upon the following persons. 

bachelor's degree. 

Ilosea Ballon Buck, Stillwater ; Walter Wilson Crosby, Bangor ; 
-Charles Frederick French, Gienburn ; Charles Henry Gannett, 
Augusta; Geo ge Weymouth Hutchinson, Orono ; Walter Dows 
Jack, Topsham ; Charles Prentiss Kittredge, Milo ; Hugh McLel- 
lan Lewis, South Berwick ; Charles Clark Murphy, Hampden ; 
George Freeman Rowe, Bangor ; Orrin John Shaw, Hampden ; 
Harry Maubec Smith, Bangor ; John Milton Webster, Augusta ; 
Hiram Williams, Portland ; George Ansel Whitney, Madison. 

master's degree. 
Francis Stephen Brick, Bernardston, Mass. ; Frank Edwin 
Emery, Raleigh, North Carolina ; Chandler Cushman Harvey, Fort 
Fairfield ; Arthur Dean Page, St. Cloud, Minn. ; Frank Adelbert 
Smith, St Cloud, Minn ; Winfield Scott Webb, Gallitzin, Penn. ; 
Nathaniel Estes Wilson, Reno, Nevada. 


The College made an exhibit in the Liberal Arts Building at the 
Columbian Exposition, and the Station made an exhibit with other 
Stations, under the auspices of the United States Department of 
Agriculture in the Agricultural Building. For these exhibits the 
institution received the highest commendation. 


The College is maintained at public expense for the public good. 
Those who participate in its benefits should therefore be required 
to fulfill faithfully their obligations as loyal members of the insti- 
tution, of the community and of the commonwealth. All students 
owe to the public for its expenditure in their behalf an equivalent 
in the form of superior usefulness and prompt performance of their 


duties. As members of the community they are amenable to the? 
law. The College recognizes its relation to the commonwealth as- 
a State institution and a part of the State government, and will in 
no case shield students from the consequences of any acts in viola- 
tion of the State laws. This attitude is expressly recognized and 
commanded by an act of the Legislature of the State which requires 
that in the case of offences against the public order students, like 
other persons, shall be responsible for their deeds to the officers of 
the law. It is my purpose loyally and faithfully to obey this com- 
mand of the State, an 1 not only to refrain from placing any 
obstacles in the way of the execution of the law, but, on the con- 
trary, to do everything in my power to assist in its administration. 

The Order of the Year. — During the year there has been but one 
serious conflict between the students and the College law. It is 
but due to our students that I should here state that my experience 
embracing many colleges has never brought me into acquaintance 
with a body of students more orderly ami amenable to proper regu- 
lations ; and lest the following account may give a false impression t . 
I wish to state expressly that the practice of hazing is almost 
entirely banished from this institution, and I believe that no insti- 
tution in the State or in New England is more free from serious and 
malicious offences on the part of some students against the rights 
of ( lhers. 

The disturbance above referred to occurred in the fall term. 
Some members of the Sophomore class engaged in an attempt to 
frighten one of the Freshmen, who had made himself unpopular 
with them. They did him no bodily harm, and so far as I was able 
to determine, had no intention of so doing. 

Tie* names of two of the Sophomores engaged in this attempt 
became known to the Faculty. Although there was not proof 
which would have been taken against them in a court of law, the 
\v< re not disputed, and they readily acknowledged their part 
in the offence After investigation, these two students were sils- 
pended. Before this action was taken, a. committee of the Sopho- 

mori called upon me and stated that the whole class were 

guilty, either by act or by sympathy! and that they thought it but 
right that they should hear the same punishment as the two young 

D3< n who were known to us. No member of the class, however, 

made an individual confession. 


When the suspension of the two students was announced, the 
members of the Sophomore class absented themselves from recita- 
tions, notwithstanding the fact that the committee had expressed 
to me its opinion that "something should be done," and notwith- 
standing the fact that these two men had voluntarily stated that 
they thought themselves not unjustly treated. 

I was presented with a paper signed by every member of the class 
with the exception of the two students suspended, stating that they 
had voluntarily taken upon themselves the suspension which the 
Faculty had imposed upon their classmates. The matter was 
referred to the Faculty, and I was instructed to explain to the 
Sophomores that they had no right to suspend themselves, but that 
in the opinion of the Faculty, they were "absent from college duties 
without excuse. " I was also directed to order the members of the 
class to return to their work upon the next day, and to state that 
those who were of age and failed to do so, would be expelled ; that 
others who failed to do so must immediately return to their homes 
to consult with their parents and return to college work within a 
week, and that those who did not obey the directions would be 

Two members of the class went home, but returned within the 
week. All others resumed their college work the following day. 

College Regulations. — The Faculty has adopted new regulations 
for the government of the College in regard to the selection of 
studies standings and grades, absences from recitations and ex- 
aminations, rhetorical exercises, entrance conditions, leave of 
absence, attendance upon church and chapel, penalties, examina- 
tions and athletics. These regulations are printed in full in the 
appendix to this report. 

By these regulations, the quota of regular studies for each student 
is made to be such as to require, for a minimum, seventeen hours 
and, for a maximum, twenty hours of class room work each week. 
In the application of this rule, two hours of laboratory work and of 
other exercises not requiring preparation, count as one. 

Most colleges in New England require from fourteen to seventeen 
hours of class room work a week, with a much smaller proportion 
of exercises to be estimated at one-half. Our requirements are 
therefore much more severe than those of most other collegiate 


The character of the work of members of the Sophomore and 
Freshman classes will be announced by numerical, standings on a 
scale of one hundred. But only the general character of the work 
of members of the Senior and Junior classes will be reported by 
assigning each student to one of four grades. 

Excuses for absence from individual exercises will not be required. 
Each student will be expected to pursue his work in a manly way, 
absenting himself from college exercises only when he has sufficient 
reasons for doing so. Of these reasons he is to be the judge, but 
if a student shall absent himself from ten per cent or more of the 
exercises in any study, he will not be admitted to the final examina- 
tion. A student who fails to pass at any examination, is absent or 
is excluded from any examination will have two opportunities to 
take special examinations, one immediately before the beginning of 
each of the next two succeeding terms. If he be absent without 
sufficient reason from both these special examinations, or fail to 
pass at one or the other, he will be required to recite with the next 
class. Students are required to attend church and chapel, but as 
an experiment the Faculty have announced to the Senior class 
that no requirement will be put upon them in regard to church 


Entrance Requirements. — The Faculty, at my suggestion, recom- 
mend for your action that the entrance requirements, for the next 
class be increased by the addition of physiology, and that those for 
the next succeeding class be further increased by the addition of 
elementary botany. 

The demands upon the institution are constantly increasing. 
Aln ost every year sees important developments in the various 
sciences which make up a great part of our work, and our time is 
already overcrowded. Our students have been, I found, required 
to spend each week twenty-eight hours in the class room, counting 
two hours in laboratory work, shop work and other studies not 
requiring previous preparation as one. The pace was killing ; many 
of the Btudents dropped out of college, many were forced from the 
regular courses into special courses, and others accomplished their 
work either unsatisfactorily or at serious risk to their health* 
Anot Ivantage grew out of the fact that the evils of this 

overwork fell upon certain studies with disproportionate weight. 


Those departments whose work was largely in the laboratory did 
not suffer, but those departments which require thought and prep- 
aration out of the class room and are especially valuable for the 
general culture, training and development which they give, suf- 
fered most seriously. 

It therefore seemed absolutely necessary to decrease the hours of 
class room work required from the students. 

But even now our course calls for a much larger amount of work 
than is required in other colleges, while, on the other hand, our 
entrance requirements are less than those of classical institutions. 
It seems best, therefore, to require as a part of the entrance con- 
ditions some of the elementary sciences, both in order to insure the 
proper development of the student before beginning his college 
■course, and to relieve our curriculum by the studies required. 

I cannot refrain from calling your attention to one serious defect 
in the preparation of many of the students who come to us. I do 
this in the hope that a knowledge of the trouble may come to the 
teachers of the State. For the engineering courses which form a 
large part of our work, a thorough preparation in mathematics is 
essential. It has been the tendency in most colleges to reduce the 
requirements in mathematics, but in institutions like ours it has 
been necessary to increase them, as the engineering professions devel- 
oped more and more difficult problems. In most of the classical 
colleges of the country, the required mathematics of the college 
course is less than half the mathematics required from our students. 
It is evident, then, how important it is that students come well pre- 
pared in this study. So much must be accomplished in the time 
given to our courses, that we can not devote any college time to the 
improvement of the elementary mathematics, but must begin with 
the advanced mathematics, on the assumption that the preparatory 
work has been well done. Unfortunately this is very often not the 
case. The schools might improve their courses by decreasing 
the amount of required arithemtic, omitting the puzzles, and 
the more advanced problems which should be solved by algebraic 
methods, and increasing the time given to algebra and geometry. 
The study of algebra should be commenced early in the school 
course and should comprise at the first only the simplest operations 
and problems, and then gradually advancing in difficulty accustom 
the student to the use of algebraic methods for the solution of the 
more difficult problems of arithmetic, and make him so familiar 


with the fundamental principles of algebra that he may be able to 
use them as readily as the fundamental methods of arithmetic. As 
its work develops it will be necessary for the College to insist more 
and more rigi lly upon the proper preparation of students in mathe- 

Certificates of Fitness. — The College has been accustomed to 
accept in the place of entrance examination certificates of fitness 
from schools which seemed to be qualified to do good prepaiatory 
work. The Faculty have thought it wise to adopt regulations in 
regard to such certificates. Application for the admission of any 
person on certificate, shall be made by the principal of the school 
at which he prepared. The school will then be examined by a 
member of the Faculty, and if the course and work justify such 
action, the school will be placed upon a list of approved schools 
from which certificates will be received. This list will be published 
in the catalogue with the names of the principals. The College 
will furnish blanks for the certificates. These will call for a state- 
ment of the text books used in each study, the methods of instruc- 
tion ( mployed and the character of the work done by the student. 

Distribution of Herbariums. — In view of the proposed require- 
ment of botany as an entrance condition the professor of botany 
will distribute to the more important academies and high schools of 
the State which care for them, herbariums prepared by students of 
the College, as an illustration of the kind and character of the work 
that we desire done. 

The Faculty — The faculty remains as last year. The work of 
the d partmcnta baa been generally without incidents calling for 
special mention. It is gratifying to note that during the fall term 
two members of the faculty declined very flattering calls to other 
institutions. I be names of the members of the faculty and much 
information in regard to the departments will be found in the cata- 
logue which forms part of the appendix to this report. The cata- 
logue bas received very thorough revision) and it is hoped that it 
will present a fair B'atcment of the facilities and work of the insti- 
tute. n. 

Leave oj Absence — Prof. Hart of the Department of Mathematics 
requested leave of absence for one year, beginning with July 


1 next. It is his purpose to spend the year in study which will be 
useful to his College work. This request has my cordial endorse- 

The Experiment Station — The report of the Director of the 
Experiment Station is submitted as the second part of this report. 
The work of this department of the College I wish to commend in 
the strongest terms. It commands respect for its scientific care 
and accuracy, and for its energy and usefulness Its work consti- 
tutes the most extensive and most careful piece of origiual scientific 
investigation ever made in this State. The people of Maine have 
reason to be thoroughly gratified by the high rank which the Station 
has taken by its investigations in the sciences which underlie agri- 
culture. No work is more difficult than that of the agricultural 
experiment stations; none requires a more painstaking and con- 
scientious devotion to details ; none requires a wider scientific prep- 

The Boarding House. — The College boarding house has been for 
the year, as formerly, in the charge of Mr. Aaron E Spencer. 
Students are at liberty to board elsewhere, but the number of 
boarders at the Commons has averaged 84. 

The charge for board for the spring term was $3 00 per week, 
for the fall term S3 00 per week. This was the actual cost to the 
College, exclusive of rent and repairs for which no charge is 


The forcing house for the agricultural and horticultural depart- 
ments of the experiment station is now neaiing completion. 

The improvement of the campus for which provision was made 
by the last Legislature has been completed as far as the money 
appropriated will allow. Any one who was acquainted with the 
campus as it was a few years ago will be surprised to find that so 
great a change has been accomplished with the expenditure of the 
amount of money allowed. 

The department of physics has added to is equipment a dynamo 
and circuits for the illustration of the applications of electricity to 
the problems of lighting. 

The facilities of the chemical department have been increased by 
a room fitted up in the basement for assay work. 


The increase in the number of students in the department of 
mechanic arts has made it necessary to place several new forges in 
the foundry. 

The College has purchased a good lantern for the use of the 
various College departments. Id will be of great service in the 
extension and other lecture courses which may be given by mem- 
bers of the Faculty. 

Other minor purchases of apparatus, materials and books will 
add materially to the usefulness of the College but are too numer- 
ous to be mentioned here. 


Electrical Engineering. — Tn response to an evident demand for 
instruction in electrical engineering, I recommend that your Board 
make provision for such a course as soon as practicable. No such 
instruction is given in the State, and none in neighboring States, 
except at institutions in which the expenses are very much higher 
than here. 

The experience of other colleges shows that the electrical en- 
gineering course is filling a real want. Such a course, recently 
established in the Pennsylvania State College, has at its start, 
more students than any other single course. I am informed that 
the same is true in the Institute of Technology at Boston, and in 
other institutions. 

Electrical engineering offers at present better opportunities for 
usefulness and profit in our own and other states than any other 
mechanical profession. 

Electric light works will doubtless soon be extended to all the 
towns and most of our large villages, and where water power is 
cheap may even be extended into country districts. The extension 
of lines of electric cars throughout the State along the more fre- 
qaented country roads, connecting cities and villages and carrying 
the products of the farm to market, is, in my opinion, only a matter 
of lime. 

Whenever the methods of transmitting power by electricity are 
sufficiently improved, changes and improvements will be made 
in the use of our water powers which are fraught with the most 
important economic and SOCia] results. Now, the mill, with the 
honses Of the employes about it, stands on the bank of the river, 
iu low ground. But when it becomes possible to transmit the 

maim; STATE COLLEGE. 1!) 

power by means of electricity, back to the hills, the mills and the 
homes of the operatives will be built upon the higher and more 
wholesome laud. This change will also favor the most complete 
utilization of natural powers. One mill on a river bank often pre- 
vents the using of the surplus power by merely blocking up the 
way to it. 

I might go into further details, but what I have said is surely 
enough to demonstrate two things : — First, that the future prosper- 
ity of our State depends in a large manner upon the use we make 
of electricity, and that the State for her own sake cannot be too 
early in making provision for the thorough training of her citizens 
in this line of work ; and second, that there are for our young men 
few, if any, more promising openings than those which would be 
opened up by the establishment of the course which I recommend. 

In this connection I should call your attention to the fact that 
electrical engineering is only a branch of mechanical engineering, 
and that the establishment of such a course as a part of our 
mechanical engineering work would not involve any great expense. 
The first, second and third years of a course in electrical engineer- 
ing would be identical with those years as now laid down in the 
course of mechanical engineering, with the exception that more 
attention would be given in the Junior year to the study of physics. 
The fourth year w r ould contain all the technical work and would 
contain little else. 

For this last year we need a practical electrician as instructor 
and apparatus and fittings, which at my estimate would cost from 
seven to ten thousand dollars. 

A Preparatory Medical Course. — Our present course of chemistry 
is well arranged for those who propose to become either analytical 
or manufacturing chemists, and offers a good preparation for those 
who look forward to cours f s in pharmacy or medicine. 

It is possible, however, by combining chemistry botany and 
natural history, to prepare a course still better fitted as a prepara- 
tion for a medical course, and it is my purpose to lay before your 
board at its next meeting a plan for such a course. 

A Course in Pharmacy. — I recommend that, as soon as the 
income of the College will allow, we offer a course in pharmacy. 
This would require the employment of an instructor in practical 
pharmacy. All the other essentials of the course are now to be 
found in the departments of chemistry, botany and natural history. 


A Course in Library Economy. — The College is now prepared to 
offer a course in library economy. The librarian is thoroughly 
qualified to give theoretical and practical instruction in the care 
and conduct of libraries, and can do this without in any way inter- 
fering with the proper performance of her present duties. There 
must be in the State a considerable number of persons, especially 
women, who would find in such a course of instruction a welcome 
introduction to a useful and profitable means of support. 

Special Courses. — In my opinion, the State Colleges should not 
confine their work to the instruction of those young men and 
women who seek their class rooms, but should endeavor by all 
proper means to become the sources of knowledge for the commun- 
ities which they serve. They should strive to be helpful in all 
reforms and a source of inspiration to those who by study and 
practice desire to fit themselves more thoroughly for the work of 
life. It therefore seems wise to admit to special courses in the 
College any person who may be benefit d by pursuing them, and 
to establish short courses and extension courses. 

Short Courses in Agriculture. — It was in view of these facts that 
the shorter courses in agriculture were originally prepared. This 
department now offers, in addition to the full course of four years, 
which furnishes technical training in the science and practice of 
agriculture, together with a collegiate training in mathematics, gen- 
eral science, literature, modern languages, philosophy, etc. ; a two 
year course which gives technical instruction in agricultural prac- 
tice, with some training in the sciences which underlie agriculture; 
and a one year course, which confines itself to agricultural practice 
with an exposition of the reasons for it. 

Id addition to these courses, the College has established a short 
winter coarse of twelve weeks, intensely practical and intended for 
the benefit of farmers, unable to pursue any of the longer courses, 
but who will be benefited by a logical and consistent presentation 
of the elements of the agricultural sciences, and by instruction in 
regard to the newer agricultural machinery. It includes agricul- 
tural chemistry, the judging and feeding of domestic animals, the 
Care and use <>f* dairy machinery, veterinary science, agricultural 
machinery, entomology and business law. In the appendix to this 
report I include a brief circular issued in regard to it. 

The Dairy Course '.—The agricultural department offers also a 
bourse in dairy management. The College has a good building, 


thoroughly equipped for dairy instruction with the* latest and most 
approved apparatus. The work in dairying is in charge of Prof. 
Gowell. This course is intended for those who have extensive 
dairies or who expect employment as managers or assistants in 

The Short Course in Carpentry, — During the fall term there came 
to the College from one of the cities of Maine a young carpenter, 
who had enjoyed the advantages of a good high school, and had 
rested content for several years without thought of any further 
course of instruction. When the hard times came, he found it diffi- 
cult to obtain employment and decided to utilize his time by com- 
ing to Orono for a special course in carpentry and drawing. I have 
no doubt that the knowledge which he has obtained in the one term 
during which he was here will prove to be many times more valu- 
able to him than the amount which he could have earned, even 
in the most prosperous times. 

This suggested the advisability of establishing a short winter 
course in carpentry and iron work. With the approval of your 
Board, I will issue circulars of information during the coming 
summer and fall announcing a course to include systematic instruc- 
tion in the use of wood working tools, the ordinary hand tools and 
the lathe ; the care of tools and machinery ; instruction in filing, 
iron work and forging ; a brief course in business law, to include 
the making of contracts, the drawing of specifications, etc. ; exer- 
cise in the framing of buildings from specifications ; instruction in 
mechanical drawing ; the use of simple surveying instruments for 
the laying out of buildings ; explanations of the most useful elemen- 
tary principles of higher mathematics ; and instruction in some one 
course not closely related to technical work, but intended to awaken 
and develop the intellectual powers. This may either be in English 
literature, American history, or political economy. The course 
will continue like the other short courses twelve weeks. The stu- 
dent will be expected to pay a small fee to cover cost of the mate- 
rial used in the shop. 

Eotension Courses. — The Faculty have in preparation circulars in 
regard to the extension courses of the College. These courses consist 
of home readings, and of lectures to be delivered by members of the 
Faculty when requested. The circulars and information in regard 
to the reading courses are entirely free. We have offered in the agri- 



cultural department to establish what we have termed local schools r 
proposing to send at convenient times the professors of the agricul- 
tural department in turn to conduct schools of two weeks wherever 
a class of sufficient size can be established that will bind itself to 
pay the necessary expenses of maintaining the school. 

Public Addresses by the Faculty. — The College Faculty have 
always been accustomed to deliver during the year many addresses 
on popular and technical subjects. During the last fall the Faculty 
has done more work of this sort than usual I think it wise to 
encourage work of this kind as far as it may be undertaken without 
interfering with the more serious College duties. During the fall 
term extending from the first of September to the twenty-first of 
December, the officers of the College delivered thirty-nine public 


Drill Hall and Gymnasium. — Perhaps the greatest need of the 
College is a drill hall and gymnasium. By the United States law 
of 1862 providing for the establishment and endowment of this 
institution, we are required to give instruction in military tactics 
and drill. This has been admirably well done, and I consider 
our military department one of the most important. But with- 
out a drill hall, military drill must be omitted during the winter 
months, since it is impracticable to conduct such exercises out of 
doors except in the early fall and the late spring A proper drill 
hall could also be used as a gymnasium The possession of 
a proper gymnasium I consider of unusual importance to us. 
Our students, largely drawn from the farms of the State, where 
they have been accustomed to heavy bodily exercise, cannot 
accommodate themselves to the student life, comparatively quiet, 
without serious danger of physical disorder. To them, more 
thau to the students reared in the towns and the cities, it is nec- 
essary to give systematic physical culture. In the early fall and 
late spring this is properly taken in the open air, but in the winter 
it caDDOt be. If the students were at home their exercise would 
he less, of coarse, than in the summer months, but still much more 
than they can get here unless it be provided for them in a gymna- 

Dormitory Accommodations — I should call your attention to the 
fact that the present number of students practically (ills the dormi- 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 23 

tory. At the beginning of the fall term there was a vacancy for 
one student only. If we wish any considerable increase in the 
Dumber of students, we must provide further dormitory accommo- 
dations. Some help may be gained by the recommended changes 
in Oak Hall, the dormitory building, but this will be insufficient. 
It may be necessary to erect a new dormitory, but I am inclined to 
think it would be better to encourage the societies to build club 
houses, each to accommodate a number of students. Two societies, 
the Beta Theta Pi and the Q. T. V. already rent houses from the 
College, and I understand that they are collecting funds for the 
erection of houses of their own. I sugg< st the propriety of grant 
ing to these and other societies the privilege of erecting club houses, 
of style and design to be approved by the College, upon the College 
campus without rent. 

It may be desirable to ask the State to encourage the early erec- 
tion of such buildings by the grant of a part of the cost. I am con- 
fident, that this method of providing for an increase in dormitory 
accommodations will be both satisfactory and economical. 

The Woman's Dormitory . — I should call attention to the fact 
that although women are admitted to the College, no provision has 
been made for their residence on the College grounds. Our engineer- 
ing courses do not attract them. But the courses in general science 
and in literature are fitted to their needs. The proposed courses in 
pharmacy and library economy ought to attract many young women. 
It is evident that women cannot walk back and forth to the village, 
a mile away, and if they are admitted to the College, provision 
must be made for them to board and lodge on the College campus. 

Heat and Light Plant. — I recommend that a committee of the 
Board of Trustees be appointed to consider the advisability and 
practicability of establishing a central steam and electric plant for 
lighting and heating the buildings. 

Houses for the Faculty.— I suggest that your Board take into 
consideration the possibility of making some arrangement by 
which members of the Faculty who desire to erect residences upon 
the College grounds may be allowed to do so, on terms which will 
be fair to both the College and the professors. At present most of 
the Faculty reside in the village of Orono, more than a mile from 
the College grounds. As a result they waste a large amount of time 
and effort in travel between the College and their homes. 


One other bearing of this recommendation is still more important. 
The College is located in the country, distant from a village which 
is itself small. While this location has advantages, it has disad- 
vantages. Among the most serious is the fact that our students 
are largely cut off from social opportunities ; especially so since the 
members of the Faculty who would be glad to open their houses to 
the students are so far away. 

House for the Military Instructor. — The military instructor being 
detailed to Orono for a comparatively short time will, of course, live 
iu a rented house. In the past he has found very great difficulty 
in getting suitable accommodations in the village. Since he is in 
charge of the discipline of the College, it is especially desirable that 
he should be located upon the College campus. For these reasons 
I hope it may soon be possible to erect on the campus a house for 
the military professor. 

The Library. — Among the pressing needs of the Collage is an 
increase of the funds for the purchase of books for the library. 
The library now contains nine thousand volumes, but for an insti- 
tution of this character it is entirely insufficient. There is impera- 
tive demand for the immediate expenditure of from five to ten 
thousand dollars in the purchase of books, and not less than 
twenty-five hundred dollars should be hereafter spent each year for 
a long series of years for this purpose. 

Number of Students. — Among the greatest needs of the institu- 
tion is more students. I am persuaded that the advantages offered 
by the institution are not properly appreciated throughout the State, 
and I shall make it my constant endeavor to acquaint the people 
more fully with our work. 

The facilities are supplied at public expense and there is annually 
a loss to the State in that many of them are not used to the extent 
to which they might be. In manufacturing establishments, the 
test profits can be obtained only when the plant is worked to 
its full capacity. The same is true of a college. A chemical lab- 
OratOry is necessary tO tench chemistry to even one student. But 
the same laboratory may be used to teach many students with 
cely any increase of expense;. Thus, our laboratories, library, 
museum, shops, might he used by two or three times as many 
Students as we now have, with little additional expense. It is to 

he hoped, therefore, that all persons interested in educational work 

of the kind whieh this institution does, will bring it to the attention 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 25 

of young men and young women who are qualified to pursue its 

A Loan Fund. — Most of our students are poor. It is greatly to 
the credit of the State that this institution has been so managed 
that the poorest boy might command its opportunities. 

The State owes it to itself to furnish to all its citizens upon terms 
exactly equal the opportunity to gain not only the best common 
school education, but the best collegiate education as well. The 
State furnishes common school education without expense to the 
pupils. The same is nearly true of this institution, but not quite. 
The College offers no scholarships, and makes no gifts of money 
to poor students. 1 his course I heartily approve. In a State insti- 
tution rich and poor should be treated alike. The State should 
grant no assistance to poor students which would give the least 
suggestion of charity. But I recommend that your Board consider 
the advisability of estabishing a loan fund, from which a considera- 
ble portion of the expenses of a course may be loaned to needy 
students on a strictly business basis, requiring from the borrowers 
ample security, either in the form of a lien upon real estate or other 
property, or in the form of notes carrying undoubted indorsements, 
these notes to bear interest from the time of the loan and to be 
payable in small installments beginning soon after the completion 
of the college course, and each student borrower becoming, when 
he takes a loan, a member of a loan fund association, and after the 
manner of a building association, becoming a member of a class, 
with other borrowers of the same year, his obligations to cease 
whenever his payments, with his share of the earnings of his class, 
shall equal the amount of his loan and interest thereon at the usual 

To inaugurate this plan, it would require probably about ten 
thousand dollars. I am confident that such a fund could be made 
to return six per cent interest annually, with good guarantee for 
the principal. I hope that this matter may receive your careful 
consideration, and that if it recommends itself to the Board, it may 
be possible to find some person or persons ready to contribute the 
necessary capital fund. 

Endowment. — Our work is expensive. It involves many lines of 
work, and attention to a great number of details. To be done well it 
requires a large number of instructors. 

For the development of this Institution, it is necessary that its 
funds shall be increased, and that its income be permanent and 


certain. It is especially unfortunate that the State has been 
unwilling to follow a suggestion made by your Board many 
years ago to grant it the income of a fixed tax, which would 
increase with the population and wealth of the State. Such a fund 
should be sufficient to furnish both the assistance which the State 
should give to instruction, and the funds to provide the necessary 
buildings and other facilities. It is good for neither the College or 
the State to require the College officers to visit each legislature to 
lobby for the appropriation which the College ought to have. 

In the State of Colorado, which is about half as populous and 
less than half as wealthy as Maine, the State College receives for 
the agricultural department alone the product of a tax of one- 
sixth of a mill. If the State of Maine were to deal with its State 
College, which covers not only agriculture but also general science 
and the mechanic arts, in a way equally liberal, the College would 
receive annually nearly one hundred thousand dollars from the 

I have no doubt that such an expenditure would be of the great- 
est benefit to the State. With it, it would be possible to build up 
here an institution of the greatest breadth and usefulness, which 
would be able to furnish facilities and opportunities excelled by 
those of very few colleges. And its situation in a locality which 
still clings to simple and inexpensive customs would be a guarantee 
that these advantages should be given to the student at an expense 
far below that of any other equal college in New England. 

It is worthy of note here that State action in the near past has 
actually reduced the annual income of the College by about 
thirteen thousand dollars. The larger part of this reduction was 
made when the College received further endowments from the gen- 
eral government. 

J wish to call the attention of persons of wealth and liberal 
spirit to the need of the College for endowment. The State Col- 
of New York, Cornell University, has received many private 
endowments aggregating several millions of dollars, the State Col- 
Li >ge of Indiana. Purdue University, has received several hundred 
thousands of dollars, and the New Hampshire State College has 
received a large private endowment, which is reported to amount 

to a million dollars or more. Institutions of similar character have 
been endowed very liberally by private individuals, in many of the 
Large cities. Prominent among these are the Pratt Institute in Brook- 

maim; STATE COLLEGE. 27 

lyn, the Drexell Institute in Philadelphia, the Armour Institute in 
Chicago. These institutions are doing work of essentially the same 
character, though of lower grade, than that of the Maine State 

This State contains no city large enough to demand such an insti- 
tute. The State itself, however, needs such an institution, and I 
am confident there must be within its bounds persons who would be 
glad to assist its work. 


To the Trustees of the Maine State College: 

The Treasurer of the College has the honor to submit the followiug 
report concerning* the financial condition of the institution. 

The endowment funds are invested at the present time as follows : 

i ; n Bequest 

State of Maine bonds at 4% interest. 
United States Land Grant Fund 

State of Maine bonds at .0% interest. 

mulated Interest on Land Grant Fund 

Security Loan and Trust .Company bonds at 6% 

City of Bangor 6% bonds 

Knox and Lincoln Railroad 5% bonds 

Trenton, X. J., Passenger Railway (i% bonds 

Portland and Runiford Falls Railroad 5% bonds 

The Coburn Military Loan Fund 

College treasury 

Loaned '• 

The Frank Kidder Scholarship Fund 

Bangor 8aving9 Bank 

Tin Sehemiah Kittridge Loan Fund 

Bangor Savings Bank 



$100,000 00 


118,300 00 


9,000 00 

$3,000 00 

3,000 00 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 

1,000 00 


100 00 

$70 00 

30 00 


075 00 

$675 00 


716 72 

$401 72 

225 00 

During the year the College has received $198 in full for the bonds of 
the I I.i How ell Classical Institute, heretofore reported as a part of the 
endowment fund, and the same has been expended for premium on new 
bonds purchased during the year. 

The income to the College from all sources for the next year will be as 

follow b : 

Coburn Bequest 

Land Grant Fund 

Security Loan and Trusl Company 

' and Lincoln Bonds 

Trenton E'asnenger Railway Company 

Portland and Rumford Kails Railroad .Company 


United states Government Morrill Bill 

United States Govt rnmenl Hatch Bill for Experiment Station 

i i etlon oi fertilizers, Experiment Station 

From other sources, Experiment Station 


,000 00 
915 00 
180 00 

60 00 
60 00 
50 00 

,000 00 
,000 00 
,000 00 

850 00 
825 98 

014 00 

858,044 98 




General Statement of the Receipts and Expenditures for the Year 
Ending June 30, 1 tti)3. 


Balance on hand July 1, 1892 

State appropriations 

United States appropriation under the Hatch Act 

United States appropriation under the Morrill Act 

Interest on Cobuin bund 

" Land Grant Fund 

M " City of Bangor bonds 

11 " Security Loan and Trust Company bonds 

Rent " 

AV. II. Jordan, Director, for Experiment Station 

AV. M. Munson, for Horticultural Department, College 

W. M. Munson, for Horticultural Department, Station 

Interest on deposits, etc 

For coal 


Transient boarders at boarding house 

Department of Physics 

Sundry small receipts 

Insurance on President's house 

Chapel chairs 

Chemical Laboratory 

Natural History Department 

Mechanical Engineering Department 


Civil Engineering Department 

World's Fair Commissioners 

Fred Fulsom, for granite 

AV. T. Haines, from sale of Hallowed Classical Institute bonds 

Experiment Station, water supply 

From students, for board, etc.... 

Treasurer's notes 

Cross entry in cash account 

S 725 oi 
5,000 00 
15,000 00 

IS, 000 00 
4.000 00 

5,*45 00 

ISO 00 

ISO 00 

404 00 

272 55 

is 45 

84 38 

66 14 

986 83 

20 08 

2:;: 60 

12 oo 

51 08 

1,41)2 50 


9 69 

3 10 

7 06 

745 17 

3 05 

200 00 

20 00 

198 00 

200 00 

15,756 86 

3,500 00 


$73,270 83 


Department of Agriculture 

Boarding house 

F. T. Burpee, wages as janitor '. 

Botany and entomology, Experiment Station ' 

Chemical Laboratory, Experiment Station 

Apparatus for Civil Engineering Department 

Apparatus for Department of Chemistry 

Expenses on clock 

Advertising circular 

For diplomas . 

Construction of dairy building .. . ... 

General expenses— College 

General expenses— Experiment Station 

Field and feeding, Experiment Station 

On account of the farm 

For fuel 

Foundry account 

Furnishing Wingate Hall - 

Fertilizer inspection, Experiment Station 

Horticultural Department, Experiment Station 

Horticultural Department, College 

Construction of head house, College 

Horticultural Department, construction and repairs, Experiment 

Station : 

Horticultural Department, general expense 


Horticultural Department, grounds 


Interest and discount - 

Library, for Department of Agriculture 

11 " " "Chemistry 

" " " " Civil Engineering 

" " " "Economics 

$ 3 20 

8,Sl9 61 

000 00 

14 87 

281 47 

4 os 75 

52 46 

3 75 

91 93 

44 75 

362 44 

1,608 04 

160 89 

1,253 01 

598 68 

3,527 57 

104 05 

472 18 

134 80 

689 56 

491 83 

67 83 

41 04 

20 69 

20 00 

1,272 50 

600 04 

34 75 

67 27 

65 22 

168 86 

28. 52 



General Statement— Continued. 

Library, for Department of Horticulture 

" •• " Literature 

" " '• " Mechanical Engineering 

" m •« " Metaphysics 

<i " " " Natural History , 

4i " "Physics *. 

" " genera] expenses 

" " Experiment Station , 

Military Department , 

Department of Mineralogy , 

Apparatus for Mechanical Engineering Department , 

Mineralogical laboratory 

Meteorology, Experiment Station 

Apparatus for Natural History Department 

Printing, Experiment Station 

Apparatus for Department of Physics 

Repairs on photographic room 

Repairs on Q. T. V. Club house 

General repairs 

Repairs and construction, Experiment Station 

Reading room 

Stationery and postage, College 

Stationery and postage, Experiment Station 

B. F. Sturtevant, balance due on contract for heating apparatus 

For running expenses of shop 

General salary account 

Travelling expenses, Experiment Station 

Trustee expenses, College 

Veterinary Science, Experiment Station 

Trustee expenses, Experiment Station 

Construction of tool house 

Water supply 

Water works construction 

Construction of flag pole 

Field day expenses 

World's Fair, Civil Engineering Department 

Berlin Bridge Company 

Chapel chairs 

World's Fair, Mechanical Engineering Department 

Oak Hall repairs 

Chemical Laboratory, College 

Construction of cases, Natural History Department 

Etepairs of Chemical Laboratory 

Heating apparatus Of Engineering Building 

Sinking books for chapel 

Repairs, Coburn Hall 

Preparation and binding of meteorological reports 

Construction of stand pipe 

ii ating apparatus of Oak Hall 

World's Fair, general account 

Horticultural Department, College, construction and repairs 

Fuel account, Experiment Station 

Farm improvements 

Apparatus for photography 

World's Fair, Natural History Department 

•airs on President's house 

World's Fair, Experiment Station 

Installing of electric Lights 

Lighting ol Engineering Building 

lira on farm stable 

!:• >airs of gymnasium 

Library, Military Department 

D( »artmen1 of Mathematics and Astronomy 

Athletics * 

truction of embankment for target practice 

Li tingol v. II. C. I. room .. 

1 Oak Hall 

•• Work -hop 

traction oi potting and storage room, Horticultural Department. 



General Statement— Conch ded, 

Athletic Association 

Water supply, Experiment station 

Bills payable 

Persona] accounts — 

(Oil cue salaries 

Station salaries 

Balance on hand July 1, 1893 

$188 00 

200 oo 

2,600 ou 

64 51 

$39,599 09 
24,043 34 
9,574 97 

$73,217 40 

$73,270 83 

GEORGE II. HAMLIN, Treasurer. 
HENRY LOUD, Auditor. 

Account with the United States Government Appropriation 
under the Morrill Act for the Year finding June 30, 1893. 

Balance unexpended June 30, 1892 

$ 5,642 06 
18,000 00 

$23,642 06 


$2,975 00 
301 42 

137 84 

5,200 00 

408 75 

336 54 

220 36 
3,000 00 

292 56 

1,500 00 

59 81 

1,500 00 

380 07 

38 79 

4^800 00 

712 65 

77 72 
1,000 00 

28 52 

11 " " " text-books and reference 

Departments of Civil & Mech. Engineering, for salaries 

11 " " " " " apparatus.. 

" " " " " •* machinery.. 

Departments of Civil & Mech. Engineering, for text-books 

and reference books 

Department of English, for salaries . . . . , 


14 " " " text-books and reference books 
44 " Mathematics and Astronomy, for salaries... 
11 " " •« " " apparatus 

11 " " " text-books and reference books, 

44 ' 4 Natural History, for salaries 

" ' 4 4C 4 ' 44 apparatus 

44 " " " " text-books and refer- 

44 4% " " text-books and reference 

22,970 03 
672 03 

Balance unexpended June 30 1893 


$23,642 06 



Account with the Experiment Station Fund for the Year Ending 

June 30, 1893. 


Balance on band June 30, 181)2 

Amount received from W. H. Jordan, Director 

Amount received from the United States Treasurer as per 
appropriation for the year ending June 30, 1893 


Botany and entomology 

Chemical laboratory.. 

Expense account 

Field and feeding 

Fertilizer inspection 

Horticultural Department 



Construction and repairs 

Stationery a ml postage 

Travelling expenses 


Veterinary science 

Fuel account 

World's Fair account 

Trustee expenses 

Water supply 


Balance unexpended June 30, 1893 

$229 63 
356 93 

15,000 00 

$ 14 87 
281 47 
100 89 

1,253 61 

134 80 
689 56 

30 70 

1,458 79 

186 04 

93 95 

135 35 
120 85 

5 40 

140 82 

501 87 

16 00 

200 00 

9,574 9' 

$15,586 56 

14,999 94 
586 62 

$15,586 56 

General Statement of Receipts and Expenditures, Brought For- 
ward to December 1, 1893. 


State appropriation 

United States, appropriation under Hatch Act. 
" '• " Morrill Act 


General account, Experiment Station 


For coal 


Deparl men! ot Physics, general account 

Bills payable, temporary loan 

Shop account 

Prom students, Cor board, etc 

General repairs 

Orono Savings Bank 

Int ere- 1 on temporary deposit 

Coburn Military Loan Fund . 

Department of Astronomy and Mathematics... 
Department <»f Physics, State appropriation... 
Reading room 

iltural Department, College 

" grounds 

Fertilizer eontrol, Experiment Station 

al accounts 


7,. r 

MA ink st a n: COLLEGE. 


Receipts and Expenditures— Continued, 

Department of Agriculture 


Boarding house 

W. T. Burpee, wages as janitor 

Botany ami entomology, Experiment Station.. 

l>i lis payable 

Chemical Laboratory, Experiment station 

Apparatus tor Civil Engineering Department. 

" " Department of Chemistry 

Advertising circular 

Chemical Laboratory, College 

Construction of dairy building- 


General expenses, College 

" " Experiment Station 

Embankment account for target practice .. 

Field and feeding, Experiment Station 

On account of the farm 

For fuel . 

Foundry account 

Furnishing Wingate Hall .1 .].]..[. .[[...][ 

Field day expenses 

Fuel account, Experiment Station 

Horticultural Department, Experiment Station 

" " College '.'.[ 

Experiment Station, construction and re 


" " grounds 

Incidentals [[[ 

Interest on loans 

Insurance on President's house 

Installing electric lights 

Library, for Experiment Station 

11 " Department of Economics 

" " Horticulture 

" " Military Science 

" " " " Physics , 

" " general expenses 

Lighting of Engineering Building 

" Y. M.C. A. room 

" Oak Hall 

Military Department 

Department of Mineralogy 

Apparatus for Mechanical Engineering Department 

Meteorology, Experiment Station ' 

Apparatus for Natural History Department 

Printing, Experiment Station ,» 

Apparatus for Department of Physics 

" " photography 

Construction of potting and storage room, Horticultural Department, 

Repairs on Q. T. V. Club house 

General repairs 

Repairs on Chemical Laboratory 

11 " gymnasium 

Reading room 

Stationery and postage, College .. ... 

" " " Experiment Station 

For running expenses of shop 

Travelling expenses, Experiment Station 

Trustee expenses, College 

Veterinary science, Experiment Station 

Water supply, College 

Water- works construction 

World's Fair, Mechanical Engineering Department 

" " general account 

" " Experiment Station 

Advertising account 

Construction of janitor's barn 

General account, Experiment Station 

Personal accounts 

Department of Mathematics and Astronomy - 

Furniture and fixtures 

Repairs on boarding house 

" " farmhouse , 

$133 16 

43 60 

1,771 II 

21K) 00 

1,000 00 
65 7.-> 
882 50 

8 43 
5 50 
4 81 

4 70 
17 90 

411) 16 
22 98 
385 08 
208 62 
767 34 
4,17.') 50 
15 30 
92 50 
117 50 

33 75 
333 87 
1)7 85 

12 62 

1,820 45 

355 D4 

157 00 

1,424 22 

1) 58 

22 25 

24 00 

1 00 


7 30 

161 30 

5 75 

21 50 
241 55 

,7 15 
1,411 71 
40 07 
314 69 
91)2 50 
38 41) 
37 09 
31 24 

22 80 
204 30 

10 90 
63 04 
72 1)8 
79 06 
84 25 
428 98 
141) 70 
76 00 
26 41 

9 00 
1) 00 

10 00 

9 55 

9 00 

239 30 

302 50 

276 69 

62 70 

135 60 

(5 00 

5 00 

30 43 



Receipts and Expenditures— Concluded. 

Maine State College 

Repairs on Oak Hall 

Insurance, College 

Department of Physics, general account 

College salaries 

Station salaries 

Balance on band December 1, 1893 

$3,241 96 
52 85 
20 00 
32 70 

23,597 37 
8,234 91 
3,046 m 

34,878 94 
5,256 72 

$40,135 76 





1. Every student must register at the Secretary's office at th£ 
beginning of each term, before being admitted to any classes. 

2 The quota of regular studies for every student shall be such 
as to require, for a minimum, seventeen hours, and, for a maxi- 
mum, twenty hours, of class-room work each week, exclusive of 
rhetorical exercises, and no student shall be allowed to take less 
than seventeen hours, nor more than twenty hours, of work each 
week without the special permission of the Faculty. In laboratory 
work and other exercises, not requiring preparation, two hours shall 
count as one in applying this rule. 

3 A student desiring to pass any required study in advance, 
may take a special examination at the beginning of the term ; and, 
if his paper shall be marked as high as grade 2, he may be passtd 
in that study without attendance on recitations. But any student 
thus passed in advance must take such a number of studies as will 
give him the minimum prescribed quota of exercises. 

4. If a student, in addition to his regular studies, desires to 
enter any class without the requirement of regular attendance or 
final examination, he may be allowed to do so by special vote of 
the Faculty. If he chooses to pass the examination in any study 
which he pursues in this way, he will receive credit for the same, 
but the grade assigned him will not be counted in computing his 
general rank. 


5. Applications for changes in a student's course of study must 
be presented in writing to the Faculty through the President. Such 
applications will ordinarily be considered at the meetings of the 
Faculty on Monday afternoons, and, to ensure prompt action, 
should be presented to the President not later than Monday noon. 


6. A record of the work of each student, to be indicated by a 
numerical standing on a scale of 100, shall be made up at the com- 
pletion of each study This record shall be based upon a daily 
record of recitations, written recitations, other special exercises and 
the examination, or upon the examination alone, at the discretion 
of the instructor. 

7. The standing for the term shall be found by multiplying the 
standing in each study by the number of exercises in that study, 
and dividing the sum of the products by the number of exercises in 
all studies. 

8. Every student who shall attain a standing of 70 or more shall 
pass, and every student who shall attain Qo or less shall not pass. 
Others shall pass or not, as the Faculty may decide in each case. 

9. The character of the work of members of the Sophomore and 
Freshman classes shall be indicated by the announcement of their 
standing in each study. The general character of the work of other 
students shall be indicated by their assignment in each study to one 
of four grades, grade 1 denoting a standing of 90 or more ; grade 
2 a standing of 80 or more, but less than 90 ; grade 3 a standing 
of 70 or more, but less than 80 ; grade 4 a standing of less than 70. 
The Secretary of the Faculty shall send to each student within three 
weeks after the end of each term a report of his standing or grade 
in eacli study which he has pursued during the term. 


10. A student who is absent from ten per cent* or more of the 
exercises ><> any study shall be excluded from examination. I/\ how- 

. the Faculty arc satisfied that all or the major part of the absences 

in question are due to severe and protracted sickness, protracted 

enee (ram town with permission, or other .sack unquestionable 

reason, they may admit the student to examination, provided that the 

number of absences for which he presents no satisfactory excuse shall 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. ;;; 

not exceed ten per cent of the total number of exercise* diminished by 
the number of absences for which his excuses are satisfactory, A 
student admitted to examination as above provided may be 
required, at the discretion of the instructor, to pass a preliminary 

ll. v A student whose rank for recitations for any study would 
average 90 or more if each absence were counted as zero, may be 
exempted from examination in that study at the discretion of the 
instructor. The term rank of a student so excused from examina- 
tion shall be based upon the exercises at which he was present 

12. Absences from military exercises in excess of ten per cent 
of the whole number, and absences from written or other special 
exercises shall be made up at such times and under such conditions 
as the instructors may prescribe. An instructor may, at his dis- 
cretion, require a preliminary examination on the whole study, 
instead of the making up of particular written recitations or other 
special exercises. 

13. A regular written examination continuing more than two 
hours, will exempt a student in attendance thereon, from recita- 
tions on the same day. A regular written examination continuing 
more than one hour, but not more than two hours, will exempt a 
student in attendance thereon from recitations in the same half 
day. A special examination, prize examination, or other occasional 
exercise, will exempt a student in attendance thereon from recita- 
tions which may be in progress at the same time, but not from any 

14. Applications for excuse from examination, except when the 
examination occurs during the period for which the student has 
leave of absence from town, (see rule 22) must be made to the 
Faculty through the instructor of the department. 

15. Applications for stated excuse from any study must be pre- 
sented to the Faculty through the President. 


16. Absences and deficiencies in rhetorical exercises may be 
made up at such times and under such conditions as the instructors 
may prescribe. 


17. In case of absence for a term, no credit shall be given for 
essays, or for any of the rhetorical exercises of the Senior year, 
unless the exercises are made up at such times and in such manner 
as the instructor of the department may prescribe. 

18. No student shall be graduated icho fails to obtain a standing 
higher than grade 4 in rhetorical exercises; and a student falling below 
grade 3 in any year shall make up enough exercises to give him the 
required grade before being admitted to any classes the following 
year. Absences occurring* under this regulation will not be considered 
excusable in the application of rule 10. 


19. Conditions imposed at the examination for admission shall 
be made up at such time and in such manner as the instructor may 
prescribe in each case. If any student shall fail to make up his con- 
ditions before the commencement of the next college year , he shall then 
be excluded J rom all recitations until the conditions are made up, and 
absence from recitations occurring under this rule will not be consid- 
ered excusable in the application oj rule 10. 

20. A student who, at his entrance to College, is conditioned in 
any study in which instruction is given in College, may elect to 
make up such condition by reciting in the class ; or he may be 
required to do so by the Faculty. 


21. A student who desires excuse for absence from town must 
apply to the President, and, unless the circumstances of the case ren- 
der it impracticable, permission to be absent must be obtained, before 
the student's departure. Such j)ermission will excuse all absences 
from morning prayer* and church and all absences from examination 
during the period for ivhich leave of absence is given; but cannot be 
pleaded^ except in cases of continuous leave of absence for long 
periods of time, against the application of rule 10. 


22. Every student is required to attend morning prayers daily 
in the College ('Impel, and one service on Sunday in some one of 
the churchefl in the village. The record of attendance at chapel 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. ;{<) 

and church will be kept by the Secretary, and any student whose 
name is not culled in the church-roll in any of the classes, or wlio 
is absent from the class on the day of the calling of the church-roll, 
must report to the Secretary in writing. 

23. Applications for stated excuse from morning prayers or 
from church must be made to the Faculty through the President. 

24. // any student's absences from prayers and church in cny 
term, exclusive of absences canceled by leave of absence from the 
President, and of absence due to severe anal protracted sickness or 
other such unquestionable reason, shall exceed Jifleeyi per cent of the 
whole number, he shall be admonished by the President, and if 
between the date of his admonition and the close of the following term 
his absences from prayers and church, with the exceptions above noted, 
shall exceed hvelve per cent he shall receive the censure of the Faculty. 
In applying this ride each absence jrom daily chapel service will be 
courded 1, and each absence from church service 3. 


25. Censure may be administered by vote of the Faculty, to 
any student whose absences from any required exercise indicate 
culpable neglect of college duty, or who is guilty of disorder or 
any reprehensible conduct. 

26. Notice of censure administered to a student will be sent to 
his parent or guardian ; and, unless the censure be followed by 
satisfactory improvement, the student will be liable to suspension 
or dismissal, at the discretion of the Faculty, and without the alle- 
gation of any specific offense. 

27. A student who has received the censure of the Faculty 
shall not be entitled to honorable dismissal until the censure be 
removed by the Faculty. 

28. For offences more grave than those for which censure would 
be administered, the penalty of suspension or dismissal may be 
inflicted by the Faculty. 


29. Students may learn whether they have passed or failed to 
pass in their studies by applying to the Secretary at the close of 
each term. If a student who has failed to pass in any examination 
shall neglect to obtain his report from the Secretary, such neglect 


will not be considered an excuse for absence from the special exam- 
inations, nor for failure to pass the same. 

30. For the benefit of those students who have been absent, 
with permission of the Faculty, from any examinations, or who 
have failed to pass in any study or who have been excluded 
from examination by reason of absences from recitations, special 
written examinations will be held immediately before the beginning 
of each term, at such times as shall be announced by the Secretary. 
Students desiring such examinations should apply to the Secretary 
for a schedule at the earliest possible date. No instructor shall 
hold any other examinations, except for the making up of entrance 
conditions, without the consent of the Faculty. 

31. A member of the Senior class who, at the completion of 
the Senior examinations, is deficient in any study in which no reg- 
ular examination is to be held during the remainder of the year, 
may be examined at such time and in such manner as the instructor 
having charge of that study may determine. 

32. If a student who has failed to pass at a regular examination, 
or ivho has been excluded from any examination, or who has been 
absent from, any examination without satisfactory excuse, shall fail to 
pass at a special examination, before the study in question shall be 
taken up in regular course he shall recite with the next class, or, in 
the case of an elective study, shall substitute some other elective study 
in its place. If any conflict oj studies arises under this rule, the 
repeated or substituted study shall have precedence, unless the Faculty 
order otherwise. 

33. If a student, who shall be required to repeat or substitute 
a study in accordance with rule 32, because of absence from the 
before-term special examinations held after the regular examina- 
tion in the study in question, shall present satisfactory reasons for 
his absence, be may have his final examination postponed, if the 
Faculty consider his scholarship snfliciently good. 

34. ^1 student who, at the dose of the special examinations in the 
fill, is deficient by an amount equivalent to ten or more, hours of 
work per week for a year, shall be ranked with (he n°xt lower class, 
unle ■..-. by sp< eciai permission of the Faculty, his examinations have 
been postponed, as specified under rule 33, 



35. The rnanager of each athletic team shall submit to the 
Faculty Committee on Athletics a schedule of all games before 
definite engagements are made. No money, however obtained, 
shall be expended for athletics by any student officer without the 
approval of this committee, and no student officer who shall have 
the handling of funds for athletic purposes, shall be relieved from 
responsibility until his accounts have been audited by this commit- 
tee and found correct. 



A winter course of lectures in Agriculture will be given at the 
Maine State College, commencing December 5, 1893, and contin- 
uing four months. 

The course is especially designed to meet the needs of practical 
farmers and young men expecting to become farmers, who are 
unable to devote to preparatory study the time necessary for a full 
college course. 

The lectures of the course will cover work on the following sub- 
jects : Agricultural Chemistry, Animal Industry, Dairy Hus- 
bandry, Horticulture, Veterinary Science, Agricultural Engineering, 
Entomology, Business Law. 

The following synopsis will show briefly the method of treatment 
and the ground to be covered by these studies. 


Under this division lectures will be given on the origin, formation 
and composition of soils, and their classification according to 
physical characteristics ; the nutrition of plants ; tillage ; farm 
manures, their composition, preservation and application ; com- 
mercial fertilizers, their origin, composition, preparation and use; 
rotation of crops ; fermentation and decay ; animal nutrition ; foods 
and fodders, their composition, digestibility and comparative values ; 
the calculation of rations for different purposes; the composition 
and properties of milk ; milk testing for purity and fat. 


Lectures will be given upon the origin and formation of the 
Various breeds Of cattle, borees, sheep and swine, and methods 
of improvement. Forms and types will be illustrated by models in 

maim: state college. \:i 

the college herds and flocks, and elsewhere. Practice in Judging 
by scales of points, and tracing and tabulating pedigrees will be 

given. Handling and feeding, composition of foods, and formation 
of rations for different purposes will receive adequate attention. 


Instruction will consist of lectures upon all phases of the subject, 
from the formation of the milk to the finishing and marketing of 
its various products. Dairy Hall, with its thorough equipment, 
furnishes opportunities for the practical handling of milk, and 
manufacturing it into the different forms of cheese and butter, 
using the gravity and centrifugal devices for cream separation. 
Students will be made familiar with the various tests for deter- 
mining the purity and value of milk, together with the details of 
the business management of creameries and factories. 


There will be given a series of twenty lectures in practical horti- 
culture, including directions for the construction, care and manage- 
ment of green-houses and other forcing structures ; the culture of 
the leading vegetables in the field and under glass ; the culture of 
orchard fruits and small fruits ; also methods of propagation. The 
college forcing-houses will be open at all times and will furnish 
excellent opportunites for practical illustrations. 


The work in veterinary science will consist of thirty lectures 
which will include instruction in some of the more essential points 
of the physiology and ^natom} 7 of our domestic animals ; the diag- 
nosis and treatment of the most common diseases ; the dressing 
and caring for wounds ; the care of breeding animals, before and 
after parturition ; the means to be adopted to prevent the spread of 
contagious diseases, and the prevention of disease in general. 


Instruction will be given in the subjects of farm drainage, irriga- 
tion, water supply for stock and household, road construction, 
wind-mills, steam boilers and engines, farm implements and 
machinery, construction of farm buildings and ventilation. 



The instruction in entomology will be chiefly directed to those 
insects which work injury to farm and garden crops and to domes- 
tic animals, together with a discussion of the best methods of pre- 
venting their ravages. 


The lectures in business law will consist of discussions of the 
elementary principals of municipal law with which every ctizen 
should be conversant, those questions which may most frequently 
present themselves to the farmer receiving more especial attention. 


For admission to this course, applicants should possess a good 
common school education. While no formal entrance examination 
is required, the Professor in charge will satisfy himself of the fit- 
ness of candidates to pursue the course with success. 

Practical farmers will find this course especially valuable. 

Those who desire to make themselves expert operatives in butter 
and cheese factories or in horticulture will be allowed to vary their 
course of study with this end in view. 

All students will provide themselves with two white drilling suits 
for dairy work These suits can be conveniently obtained at 

The expense of table board is about $3.00. Board and room, 
from $3.50 to $4 00 a week. Students in this course will be pro- 
vided with rooms and board at the college so far as practicable, 
but for the most part, will, of necessity, find accommodations at 
the village of Orono, one mile from the college. 

Tuition will be free. 

Besides this course, the college offers courses in Agriculture of 
one two and four years. 

For farther particulars address, 

Professor Walter Balkntinn, 

Orono, Maine. 

Foi particulars regarding other courses in the college, address, 

President A. W. Harris, 

Orono, Maine* 



Benjamin F. Gould, C. E., Real Estate .and Insurance, Hollister, Calif. 

George E. Hammond, 0. E , Civil Engineer, Elliot. 

Edwin J. Haskell, B. S., Silk Manufacturer, Westbrook. 

Heddle Hilliard, C. E., Civil Engineer, Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, 


Eben D. Thomas, B. S., Farmer and Surveyor, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

George O. Weston, B. S., Farmer, Norridgewock, 


Russell W. Eaton, C. E., Agent Cabot Manufacturing Company, 

George H. Hamlin, C. E., Professor of Civil Engineering, Maine State 

College, Orono. 

Fred W. Holt, C. E., Civil Engineer, St. George, N. JB. 

John M. Oak, B. S., Merchant, Bangor. 

*Charles E. Reed, C. E., Agent Columbia Bridge Company,- ..Dayton, 0. 
Frank Lamson-Scribner, B. S., Professor of Botany and Horticulture, 

University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Harvey B. Thayer, B. S., Druggist Presque Isle. 


William A. Allen, C. E., Chief Engineer, Maine Central Railroad. 

*Walter Balentine, M. S., Professor of Agriculture, Maine State 

College Orono. 

William H. Gerrislu B. S., M. D., Physician, Deering. 

John I. Gurney, B. S., Florist, Dorchester, Mass. 

Rodney D. Hunter, B. S., Insurance Agent, Oakland, Calif. 

Louise H. Ramsdell, B. S. (Mrs. Milton D. Noyes), Mapleton. 




Solomon TV. Bates, C. E., Patent Attorney, : Portland. 

Wilbur A. Bumps, C. E., M. D., Physician, Dexter. 

*Samuel PI. Clapp, C. E., Teacher, , Danvers, Mass. 

Lewis F. Coburn, C. E., Lawyer, Eureka, Calif. 

Charles F. Colesworthy, B. S., Merchant, Portland, Ore. 

*Charles F. Durham, C. E., Teacher, Crescent City, Calif. 

Alfred M. Goodale, B. 8., Agent Boston Manufacturing Company, 

Waltham, Mass. 

Edson F. Hitchings, C. E., M. S., Instructor in Natural Science, East 
Maine Conference Seminary, Bucksporf, 

Whitman H. Jordan, M. S., Director, Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion of the Maine State College, *. Orono. 

Edward D. Mayo, M. E., Mechanical Engineer, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Albert E. Mitchell, M. E., Mechanical Engineer, Erie Railroad, 

Susquehanna, Pa . 

Allen G. Mitchell, C E., Assistant Engineer, Pennsylvania Railroad, 

Pittsburg, Pa. 

*Fred L. Moore, B. S., Teacher, Visalia, Calif. 

Luther W. Rogers, B. S., Merchant, Atlanta, Ga. 

Minott W. Sewall, M. E., Mechanical Engineer, Babcock & Wilcox Boiler 
Company, New York. 

George 31. Shaw, C. E., Oakland, CaliJ. 

•Louis C. Southard, M. S., Lawyer, Boston, Residence, North Easton, Mass. 

Wesley Webb, M. S., Editor Farm and Home, and President u State 
College for Colored Students, ,5 Dover, Del, 

*Edgar A. Work, C. E., U. S. Military Academy, Westpoint, N. Y. 


Edmund Abbott, I>. S., M. D., Physician, . i Providence, B. I. 

Charles P. Allen, B S., Lawyer and Banker, Presque Isle. 

Elbridge II. Beckler, C. E., Chicago, His. 

Fred M. Bisbee, C. E., Road Master, G. C. & S. Fe R. P., Cleburne, Tex. 
Edward M. Blaading 1 B. S., Editor -.\w\ Publisher "Maine Industrial 

Journal," Bangor, 

•< harles M. Brainard, B. S., Skowhegan. 

I ieoi ■■ II. Buker, B. S., Presque Me* 

Florence EL ( Wan, I J. s., Teacher, Lynn, Mass. 

Oliver Crosby, M. E., President American Hoist & Derrick Company, 

St. Paul, Minn. 

' : B. S., Principal Madawaska Training School, I^>n Kent. 

Jameg E. Dike, C. E., Civil iEngineer, Vort Falls, Idaho. 

•WillU <>■ [)ike, B. s., Gorham. 

ii i II. Estabrook, M. 8., M. A.., Professor of Rhetoric and Modern 
i. guages, Maine State < College, Orono. 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 17 

Arthur M. Farrington, P>. S., D. V. S., Chief of Miscellaneous Division, 
Bureau of Animal [ndustry, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 

Washington, I). C. 
George O. Foss, C. E., Assistant Engineer, G. X. R. R., . . . . Helena, M<>n.- 

William T. Haines, B. S., LL B., Lawyer. Waterville. 

BenryF. Hamilton, B S., I). D. S., Dentist, Boston, Mass. 

Newell 1*. Haskell, B. S., Farmer, Orono. 

Edward S. How, M. E., dork, U. S. Treasury Department, 

Washington, J). C. 

Philip W. Hubbard, B. S., Nurseryman, Alhambra, Calif. 

Samuel M. Jones, M. E., Mechanical Engineer, Springfield, Mass. 

Albert A. Lewis, B. S , Clergyman, Bath. 

Herbert A. Dong, M. E., Farmer, Machias. 

Luther II. Lothrop, C. E., Chief Engineer, L. L. R. P., ..St. Paul, Minn. 

Nelson II. Martin, B. S., Merchant, Fort Fairfield. 

Charles E. Oak, M. E., State Land Agent and Forest Commissioner, 


George D. Parks, C. E., Lawyer, Fort Payne, Ala. 

Haywood Pierce, B. S., Proprietor, Granite Works, Frankfort. 

Frank R. Reed, C E , Civil Engineer, Auburn. 

Henry J. Reynolds, B. S., Druggist, Eastport. 

Charles W. Rogers, M. E., Mechanical Engineer, Chicago, Ills. 

William L. Stevens, M. E., Flour Commission Merchant, Minneapolis, Minn. 
John H. Williams, B. S., Surveyor, Elk River, Minn. 


Alvah D. Blackinton, C. E., Chief Engineer, E. & W. Railway, 

Dunmore, Ba. 
Robert B. Burns, C. E., Resident Engineer, A. & P. R. R., Prescott, Ariz. 
Eugene H. Dakin, B. S., Secretary and Treasurer, Industrial Publishing 

Company., Bangor. 

Edward F. Danforth, B. S., LL. B., Lawyer, Skowhegan. 

Augustus J. Elkins, B. M. E., Victoria Elevator Company, 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Alicia T. Emery, B. S., • Orono. 

Samuel W. Gould, B. S., Lawyer, Skowhegan. 

* Joseph C. Lunt, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Mexican Central Railroad, 

El Paso, Tex. 
Fred F. Phillips, B. S., Manager Equitable Life Assurance Society, 

Washington, D. C. 

*Samuel Shaw, B. M. E., Architectural Draughtsman, Boston, Mass. 

Frank P. Stone, B. S., Druggist, Norway. 

Thomas J. Stevens, B. M. E., Druggist, Portland. 

George E. Sturgis, B. C. E., Druggist, Portland, Ore. 

Charles E. Towne, B. C. E., U. S. Surveyor, U. S. Deputy Mineral Sur- 
veyor and Mining Engineer, Bocky Bar, Idaho. 



James W. Weeks, B. M. E., Architect, North Des Moines, Iowa, 

Nellie E. Weeks. B. S., (Mrs. Llewellyn Spencer), Orono. 

Ivan E. Webster, B. S., ■ Orono. 


Emma Brown, B. S., Supervisor of Schools, (Mrs. Charles Gilman\ 


Andrew J. Caldwell, B. M. E., Mechanical Engineer New York. 

Cecil C. Chamberlain, B. S., Lumber Merchant, Enderlin, N. D. 

Geo. E. Fernald, B. C. E., Salesman, Chicago, Ills. 

James Heald, B. S., Civil Engineer, Seattle, Wash. 

John Locke, Jr., B. S., Chief Clerk Freight Department, Maine Central 

Railroad, Portland. 

Frank J. Oakes, B. C. E., Mechanical Engineer, New York. 

John C. Patterson, B. C. E., Assistant Engineer, Great Northern 

Railroad, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Winfield E. Tripp, B. C. E., LL. B., Lawyer, Iron Iiiver, Wis. 

Edward C. Walker, B. S., Lawyer, Lovell. 

Otis C. Webster, B. 8., Druggist, Augusta. 


Harry B. Beau, C. E., San Jose, Calif. 

Edward J. Blake, C.E., Chief Engineer, Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy 

Railroad, Chicago, Ills. 

Simon P. Crosby, B S., Lawyer, St. Paul, Minn. 

John D. Cutter, B. S., M. D., Physician, Tomahawk, Wis^ 

Wilbur F. Decker, M. E., Broker, Minneapolis, Minn. 

David A. Decrow, B. C. E., Hydraulic and Mechanical Engineer, Holly 

Manufacturing Company, Lock/port, N. Y. 

Willis E. Ferguson, B. 8., Nurseryman, Glendora, Calif. 

Charles W. Gibbs, C. E., Civil Engineer, S. R. R., Bidgway, Colo. 

Annie M. Gould, B. 8., (Mrs. Loomis P. Goodale), St. Joseph, Mo. 

►Nellie M. Holt. B. 8., Teacher, Orono. 

Frank E. Kidder, C. E., Architect, Denver, Colo. 

Mart I>. Libby, B. I . E., Lawyer, Kingman, Kan. 

•Charles 8. Loring, B. M. E., Machinist, Lewiston. 

George P. Merrill, M. 8., Ph. D., Curator Department of Geology, 

National Museum, Washington, D. C. 
John W. Meserve, B. M. E., Engineer, Superintendent Crane Department, 

JTale and Towne Manufacturing Company, Stamford, ('nun. 

Arthur L. Moore, r>. 8., Farmer, Limerick. 

Charles a. Morse, C. E., Resident Engineer, Atchison, Topeka, and Santa 

I e Railroad, Pueblo^ Colo. 

Fred l>. Potter, B. M. E., Engineer and Contractor, New York. 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. \\) 

Alton J. Shaw, B. M. E., President and Superintendent Shaw Electric 

Crane ( Jompany, Muskegon, Mich. 

Percia A. Vinal, M. s., (Mrs. Albert White), Orono. 

Gteo. O. Warren, B. S , Farmer, Fryeburg. 

Herbert Webster, B. S., NTurseryman, Alhambra, < 'alif. 


Horace W. Atwood, B. 8., D. V. 8., Real Estate Broker, Brockton, Mass. 
James M. Bartlett, M. 8., Chemist of the Agricultural Experiment 

Station of the Maine State College, Orono. 

Albert H. Brown, B. 8., Banker, q/,/ Town. 

Marcia Davis, B. S., (Mrs. Joseph I). Stevens), - Denver, < 'olo. 

Fred B. Elliot, B. S., Farmer and Stock Breeder, Bowdoinham. 

Sarah P. Farrington, B. 8 , (Mrs. George P. Merrill), Washington, J). C. 

Charles W. Fernald, B. S., Merchant, South Levant. 

Fred W. Fickett, M. S., Recorder Municipal Court, Galveston, Tex. 

George W. Lufkin, B. C. E., Assistant Engineer W. & N". Railroad, 

Coatesville, Pa. 

Frank A. Mansfield, M. 8., B. D., Clergyman, Boston, Mass. 

Annie A. Matthews, B. S., Teacher, / Stillwater. 

Henry W. Murray, B. C. E., Farmer and Teacher, Napa, Calif. 

Franklin R. Patten, C. E., Engineer Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Charles T. Pease, B. S., Civil Engineer Pico, Colo. 

James F. Purington, B. S., Railway Postal Clerk, Bath. 


Henry H. Andrews, M. E., Bank Cashier, Callaway, Neb. 

Henry W. Brown, M. 8., Professor Literary Institute,A>w Hampton, N. H. 

Clara L. Buck, B. 8., (Mrs. Thomas W. Hine), Phoenix, Ariz. 

Fannie E. Colburn, B. S., Teacher, (Mrs. Arthur L. Fernald), 

Omaha, Neb. 

Edward H. Farrington, M. S., Chemist of the Agricultural Experiment 
Station of the University of Illinois, Champaign, Ills. 

Oliver C. Farrington, M. S., Ph. D., Teacher, Cape Elizabeth, 

Charles H. Fogg, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Greensburg, Pa. 

Aldana T. Iugalls, B. C. E , Placer, Mont. 

*Robert J. Johnson, B. C. E., Civil Engineer. Butte, Mont. 

Clara A. Libby, B. S., Millinery and Fancy Goods, Augusta. 

Horace F. Mclntyer, B. M. E., Miller, Waldoboro. 

Charles L. Moor, B. C. E., Book-keeper, Eartland. 

^Benjamin F. Murray, B. C. E., Farmer, Stillwater. 

Edwin W. Osborn, B. C. E., Chief Clerk General Superintendent's Depart- 
ment, Northern Pacific Railroad, St. Paul, Minn. 



Oscar L. Pease, B. S., Station Agent, Southern Pacific Railroad, 

Gila Bend, Ariz. 
Harold M. Plaisted, M. E., Patent Solicitor and Engineer, St. Louis, Mo. 

Alice I. Ping, B. S., Orono. 

Mary L. King, B. S , (Mrs. H. H. Andrews), Callaway. Neb. 

*Poscoe L. Smith, B. S., Farmer, Lewiston. 

George W. Sturtevant, B. C. E., Civil and Hydraulic Engineer, 

Chicago, Ills. 

Frank S. Wade, B. S., M. D., Physician, New Richmond, Wis. 

* Walter A. White, B. C. E., LL. B., Lawyer, Newport. 

*John B. Wilson, B. S., Orono. 

Levi A. Wyman, B. C. E., Peal Estate Lawyer, and Civil Engineer, 



Charles S. Bickford, B. S., Business Manager, "Age", Belfast. 

Jacob L. Boynton, B. S., Lynn, Mass. 

Charles W. Brown, B. M. E., Draughtsman, U. S. Patent Office, 

Washington, D C. 

Stephen J. Buzzell, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Old Town. 

Oscar II. Dunton, M. E., Cincinnati, 0. 

Walter Flint, M. E., Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Maine State 

College, Orono. 

George R. Fuller, B. S., Lawyer, Sonthivest Harbor. 

Charles C. Garland, B. S., Banker and Dealer in Pine Land, 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Joseph F. Gould, B. S., City Attorney, Old Town. 

Thomas W. Hine, B. S., Banker, Phoenix, Ariz. 

William R. Howard, B. S., Teacher Vermont Academy, Saxtoyfs River, Vt. 

Alonzo L. Ilurd, B. S., M. D., Physician, Somers, Conn. 

A 1 [red .J . Keith, B. C. E., Shoe Manufacturer, Old Town. 

Frank I. Kimball, C. E., Superintendent Carbon Coal Company. 

Greensbnrg, Pa. 

James II. Patten, B. S., M. I)., Physician, Clifton. 

Frederick M. Reed, I>. M. E., Draughtsman, B. & S. Manufacturing 

Company, Providence^ R. I. 

< rleason ( '. Snow, B. s., Farmer, North Orrington. 

Avery I'. Starrett, B. S., Farmer, Warren. 

Frank II. Todd, I>. C. E., Civil Engineer, Northern Pacific Railroad, 

West Pa I nth, Minn. 

Eben ( . Webster, B. 8., Treasurer Webster Paper Company, Orono 

Wlllard A. Wight, u. c. io., Superintendent («.'is and Electric Light 

Works, Trinida<l, Colo. 

Daniel C. Woodward, B. M. E., Draughtsman, Madison, Wis. 

♦ In i | 

■ I A II t I H.I K(il 


James II. ( Win. P>. S., Orono. 

Jonathan V. Cilley, B. C. E., Inspector General of Railroads, 

Buenos Ayres, Argentine "Republic, 8 A. 
Frank E. Emery, B. S., Assistant Professor of Agriculture in the North 

Carolina College and Agriculturist to the Agricultural Experiment 

Station...... Raleigh, X. C. 

Arthur L. Fernald, B. S., Merchant Omaha, X< b. 

Bartholomew P. Kelleher, B. S., M. I)., Physician, Orono. 

Lucius II. Merrill, B. S., Chemist of the Agricultural Experiment 

Station of the Maine State College, : Orono. 

Jennie C. Michael, B. 8., Teacher, Stillwater. 

Charles W. Mullen, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Old Town. 

Truman M. Patten, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Sioux Falls, S. I). 

Harry VV. Powers, B. 8., Manufacturer, Orono. 

Charles E. Putnam, B. C. E., Civil Engineer. Franklin Park, Boston, Moss. 

Lewis Robinson, -Jr., B. M. E., M. D., Physician, Kenduskeag. 

George A. Sutton, B. C. E., Fanner, Orono. 

Levi W. Taylor, M. S., Principal of the Commercial Department of the 

Maine Central Institute, Ptttsfleld. 


George H. Allan, B. S., Lawyer, Portland. 

*Will EL Burleigh, B. C. E., Vassalboro. 

Mary F. Conroy, B. S., (Mrs. A. R. Saunders), Pullman, Wash. 

Leslie W. Cutter, B. C. E,, Contractor and Builder, Bangor. 

Harriet C. Fernald, M. S., Librarian of the Maine State College, 


Elmer E. Hatch, B. S., Farmer, Etchetah, Mont. 

John E. Hill, B. (J. E., Civil Engineer, Anoka, Minn. 

Joseph G. Kelley, C. E., Civil Engineer, Eugene, Ore. 

Edwin F. Ladd, B. S., Professor of Chemistry, North Dakota Agricul- 
tural College and Chemist of the Agricultural Experiment Station. 

Fargo, X. I). 

Clarence S. Lunt, B. C. E., City Editor "Commercial" Bangor. 

Fred L. Stevens, B. S., New York. 

William Webber, M. E., Draughtsman, McCormick II. M. Works, 

Chicago, Bis. 

George W. Chamberlain, B. S., Principal Grammar School, Calais. 

Asher Dole, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Superior, Wis. 

Orion J. Dutton, B. S., Broker, Boston, Mass. 

Henry T. Fernald, M. S., Ph. D., professor of Zoology, Pennsylvania 

State College, State < 'ollege, Pa. 

Elmer O. Goodridge, M. E., Electrical Engineer, Bradford, Mass. 

George L. Hanscom, P>. S., Clergyman, Sheldon, Iowa. 



James X. Hart, C. E., Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy, Maine 
State College, Orono. 

Frank E Hull, C E., Civil Engineer, Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, 


Austin IT. Keyes, B. C. E., Principal High School, Auburn, II. I. 

William Morey, Jr., B. C. E., Examiner of Surveys, General Land Office, 

Washington. D. C. 

Joseph P. Moulton, B. S., 'Farmer, Springvale. 

Leonard G. Paine, M. E., Treasurer Belknap Motor Company,.. Portland. 

Elmer E. Pennell, B. M. E., Machinist, Saccarappa. 

Louis W. Piggs, B. M. E., Ph. B., Instructor in Science and Mathematics, 

Englezvood, N. J. 

Fremont L. Russell, B. S., V. S., Veterinarian of the Agricultural 

Experiment Station of the Maine State College, Orono. 

Bert J. Allen, B. C. E., Principal Pratt Free School, 

North Middleboro, Mass. 
Josiah M. Aver, B. C. E., Assistant Engineer, Boston and Maine Rail- 
road, Somerville, Mass. 

George G. Barker, B. M. E., Draughtsman, McCormick H. M. Company, 

Chicago, Ills. 
George F. Black, C. E., Road Master Mountain Division, Maine Central 

Railroad, Portland. 

John D. Blagden, B. C. E., Observer, United States Weather Bureau, 

Knott's Island, N. C. 

Beywood S. French, C. E., Civil Engineer, Newtonmlle, 3Iass. 

Edwin 1). Graves, C. E., Civil Engineer, Berlin Iron Bridge Company, 

East Berlin, Conn, 
Ralph K. Jones, B. S., Kellogg Seamless Tube Company ,.. Findlay, Ohio. 

Elmer Lenfest, B. C. K., Civil Engineer, Snohomish, Wash. 

James F. Lockwood, M. E., Chief Draughtsman, Otis Brothers and Co., 

New York. 
George P. Lull, M. S., Chemist, Penobscot Chemical Fibre Company, 

West Great Works. 

Willis II. Merriam, B. C. E., Lawyer, Spokane, Wash* 

Elmer E. Merritt, M. E., Merchant, Salt lake City, Utah. 

Arthur I>. Page, J». C. 10., Civil Engineer, St. ('loud, Minn. 

living B. Bay, B. ( '• E , Merchant, Boston, Mass. 

Sidney S. Twombly, B. S., V. 8., Consulting Veterinarian to the Agri- 
cultural Experiment station, Logan, Utah. 

John If. Burleigh, B. C« E., Civil Engineer, Sewerage System, 

Newtonville, Mass. 
Luis V. P. Cilley, B. C. B., Civil Engineer, 

Buenos Ay res, Argentine "Republic, S. A. 


Bertrand E. chirk, M. S., Lawyer, /; l/r //,,,-/„,,.. 

Edwin V. Coffin, r>. C. E., Clerk, Harrington. 

David W.Colby, B. S., Assistant in Department of Chemistry, Maim; 

State ( iollege, *. . . 0rono% 

Alice A. Hicks, M. S., (Mrs. George V. Black), Portland, 

James D. Lazell, B. M. E., Engineer and Contractor, Roanoke, Va. 

Charles A. Mason, B.C. E., Civil Engineer, Portland Ore. 

Henry A. McNally, B. C. E., Observer, CJ. S. Weather Bureau, 

Montgomery, Ala. 

Fentou Merrill, B. C. E., Lumberman, Laurence. Wash. 

Addison R. Saunders, M. E., Professor of Mechanical Engineering, 

Washington Agricultural College, Pullman, Wash. 

Cassius A. Sears, B. C. E., Lumber Manufacturer, Fort Kent. 

Charles II. Stevens, B. M. E., Lumber Manufacturer, Grand Foils, \. /;. 
Charles F. Sturtevant, C. E., Civil and Hydraulic Engineer, 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Frank E. Trask, C. E., Civil and Hydraulic Engineer, Ontario, ( 'alif. 

Charles T. Vose, B. C. E., Assistant Engineer, Maine Central Railroad, 

Howard S. Webb, B. M. E., Instructor in Shop Work, Maine State 

College, Orono. 

John S. Williams, B. S-, LL. B., Lawyer Guilford. 


Hiram B. Andrews, B. C. E., Draughtsman, West End Railway, 

Boston, Mass. 

*George S. Batchelder, B. M. E., Draughtsman, Bangor. 

Charles D. W. Blanchard, B. C. E., with New England Sulphite Digester 

Company, Old Town. 

John R. Boardman, B. S., Secretary Young Men's Christian Association, 

Francis S. Brick, M. S , Principal Powers Institute,. ..Bernardston, Mass. 

Harry Butler, B. S., Medical Student, • Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dudley E. Campbell, C. E., Principal Grammar School,.. ..Newport, 7/. /. 

Fred L. Eastman, B. M. E., Draughtsman, • Lynn, M</ss. 

Edward II. Ellwell, Jr., B. S., Journalist, "Portland Transcript," 

William J. Hancock, M. S., Professor of Natural Science, Ant inch 

College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. 

John W. Hatch, M. S., Clergyman, Kingman. 

Claude L.Howes, M. E. Assistant Engineer, Thompson-Houston Electric 

Company, Boston, Muss. 

Harry F. Lincoln, B. S., Electrician, Millbury, Mass. 

Thomas G. Lord, M. S., Farmer, Skowhegan. 




Ralph H. Marsh, M. D., Physician, Lincoln. 

•Seymore F. Miller, B. C. E., Burlington. 

William Philbrook, B. C. E., Washburn Shop, Polytechnic Institute, 

Worcester, Mass. 

Seymour E. Rogers, B. M. E., Draughtsman, Greeley, Colo. 

George E. Seabury, B. M. E., Bangor. 

Frank L. Small, B. M. E., Engineer H. & O. P. Railway Company, 

Hampton, Va. 

Frank A. Smith, C. E., Civil Engineer, St. Cloud, Minn. 

Nathaniel E. Wilson, M. S., Chemist Agricultural Experiment Station, 

Beno, Nev. 


Fred P. Briggs, B. S., Assistant in Department of Natural History, 
Maine State College, Orono. 

Charles G. Cushman, B. M. E., President and Manager of the Cushman 
Iron Company, Boanolce, Va. 

Joseph W. Edgerly, Jr., B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Maine Shore Line Rail- 
road, Princeton. 

Jere S. Ferguson, M. S., M. D., Instructor University of the City of New 
York, New York. 

George G. Freeman, B. S., Supervisor of Schools, Cherryfleld. 

George M. Gay, B. S., Clerk, Damariscotta. 

Eben R. Haggett, B. S., Lumber Merchant, Newcastle. 

Nellie L. Leavitt, B. S., Teacher, Deer Lodge, Mont. 

John Reed, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, C. & M. R. R., Gorham, N. H. 

Nellie W. Reed, B. S., Teacher, SWhvater. 

*Fred Stevens, B. M. E., Draughtsman, Winter Harbor* 

Gilbert S. Vickery, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Steelton, Pa. 

♦Mark E. White, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Bangor and Aroostook Rail- 
road, Ashland. 

Mortimer F. Wilson, I>. S., Merchant Or<>nn. 

Prank O. Andrews, B. M. E., Draughtsman, West End Street Railway 

( Company, Boston, Mass. 

II. Babb, B. M. E., [nstructor, Kamehameha School, 

Honolulu, II. I. 
John Bird, 2d, B. M. E., Superintendent of the Cushman [ron Company, 

"Roanoke, Va. 

Ralph II. Blackington, li. 8., Conductor, Rockland. 

Bowden, l». ( '. E., South r<n<>i>sc<>i . 

:;. I . I... Lawyer, Isaille, Wash. 

Alphonso J. Coffin, B. S., Business Manager, Roanoke "Time*, " 

"Roanoke, Va. 

maim: STATE < OLLEG 


Walter E. Croxford, r>. M. E., Draughtsman, Charlestown Mass. 

FredT. Dow, 1». M. E., Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering 

Washington Agricultural College, Pullman, Wash. 

Albert W. Divw, P>. M. E., Draughtsman with Newport News n, y 

Dock and Ship Building Company, Newport News, )'<>. 

Harris D. Dunton, P>. M. E., Draughtsman, Chicago Great Western 

Railway, sy. p a ul, Minn. 

Horace P. Farrington, B. M. E., Teacher, Manual Training, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

(George P. Gould, B. S., Superintendenl of Schools, on/ Town. 

Nathan C. Grover, B. C. E., Assistant in Department of ( ivil Engineers 
ing, Maine State College Orono. 

Allen C. Hardigon, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Santa Paula, Calif. 

Chandler C. Harvey, C. E., Civil Engineer, Fort Fairfield. 

Samuel II. T. Hayes, B. S., Assistant Horticulturist in the Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station of the Maine State College, Orono. 

Everett F. Heath, B. M. E., Merchant, Monmouth. 

Edward II. Kelley. B. S., Editor "Times," Roanoke, Fa. 

*George E. Keyes, B. M. E., Qrland, 

Hannah E. Leavitt, B. S., (Mrs. Walter Flint) Orono. 

Elmer L. Morey, B. C E., Deputy Vice Consul, Colombo, Ceylon. 

Edmund N. Morrill, B. S., Portland. 

John W. Owen, Jr , B. C E., Civil Engineer, G. N. R. R., Helena, Mont, 

John V. Pierce, B. M. E , Draughtsman, Thomson-Houston Electric 

Company, Lyn n , Mass. 

William Bridgham Pierce, B. M. E., Lawyer, Bangor. 

William Barron Pierce, B. M. E., Draughtsman, McCormick H. M. Co., 

Chicago, Ills. 

George M. Pillsbury, B. S., Night Superintendent Pulp Mill, Lisbon Falls. 

Fred G. Quincy, B. M. E., Lumber Surveyor, Masardis. 

Joseph E. Packlifle, B. C. E., Assistant Engineer, Chicago, Burlington 
and Quincy Railroad, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Paul F. Peed, B. C. E., Sheep Kaiser, Flagstaff, Ariz. 

Frank W. Sawyer, B. S., M. D., Physician, Tonkers, X. Y. 

Clarence B. Swan, B M. E., Merchant, Old Town. 

Chester J. Wallace, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Jamaica Plain, Moss. 

Wiufield S. Webb, C. E., Civil Engineer, Pennsylvania Railroad, 

Gfallitzen, Pa. 

Ralph II. Wight, B. C. E., Civil Engineer K. & G. B. & W. R. R., 

Green Bay, Wis. 

Charles S. Williams, M. S., Post Graduate Student, Harvard University, 

( Cambridge, Moss. 


Ralph J. Arey, B. C. E., Winslow, Ariz. 

William M. Bailey, B. C. E., Civil Engineer. West Newton, Moss. 



Edmund Clark, B. S., Chemist, Munhall, Pa. 

Charles Clayton, B. S., Bangor. 

Wallace R. Farrington, B. S., Advertising Department "Sun" Lewiston. 

William B. Farrington, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Portland. 

John H. Flanagan, B. M. E., Mechanical Engineer, Harris Corliss Engine 

Company, Providence, B. I. 

Joseph C. Graves, B. M. E., Draughtsman, New York. 

Bert A. Hall, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, A. & P. R. B.., Prescott, Ariz. 

Cyrus Hamlin, B. S., Student Long Island Medical School, Brooklyn, N. T. 

Prescott Keyes, Jr., B. C. E., Principal High Schoo], Bar Harbor. 

Charles H. Kilbourne, B. S., Salesman, North Waterford. 

Robert W. Lord, B. M. E., Machinist, Bath. 

Hugo G Menges, B. M. E., Draughtsman, Boston, Mass. 

True L. Merrill, B. M. E., Lumberman, Lawrence, Wash. 

Fred C. Moulton, B. S., with Gypsy Moth Commission, .... Maiden, Mass. 

William X. Patten, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Boston, Mass. 

Henry V. Starrett, B. S., . Warren. 

John W. Steward, B. M. E., Manufacturer, Skowhegan. 

Charles X. Taylor, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, City Sewerage System, 

Newton Centre, Mass. 
George E. Thompson, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Bangor and Aroostook 

Railroad Orono. 

William A. Valentine, B. M. E., Teacher Bethel. 


George F. Atherton, B. C. E., Instructor in Shop, State Reform School, 

Cape Elizabeth. 
William H. Atkinson, B. C.E., Draughtsman, Cabot Manufacturing Com- 
pany. Brunswick. 

Mortimer L. Bristol, B. M. E., Draughtsman, Colt's Armory, 

Hartford, Conn. 

William B. Butterfield, B. C. E Milford. 

Roscoe C. Clark, B. M. E., Bethel. 

Ernest W. Danforth, B. C. E., Draughtsman, City Engineer's Office, 

Somerville, M<t*s. 

Berber! E. Doolittle, B. C. E., Northfleld, Mass. 

Mellen E. Farrington, B. B£. E., with Lincoln Pulp and Paper Company, 

it EL Fernald, B. M. E., Assistant in Department of Mechanical 

Ineeriug, Case School <>r Applied Science, Cleveland^ Ohio. 

John C. Gibbs, I- M. E., North Turner. 

Arthur C. Grover, B. C. E., < ivil Engineer, Sewerage System, 

A'rir/o//. Ma88. 

Warren E. Healey, B. M. E., Superintendent Ready Rock Asphalt, Roof- 
ing ' ompany Bt. Louis, Mo. 


William C. Elolden, r>. M. E., Teacher in the Manual Training Depart- 
ment of the City Schools, Portland. 

George Maguire, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Sewerage System. 

M<il (l< //. Ma88. 

Charles M. Randlett, B. S., Traveling Salesman, "Richmond. 

Stanley M. Timberlake, B.C. E., Draughtsman for Associated Factory 

Mutual Insurance Company Boston Mass. 

Frank S. Tolman, B. C. E., Teacher, Hampden Academy, Hampden. 

Joseph A. Tyler, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Boston Iron Works. 

( f ambridge^ Mass* 


Hosea B. Buck, B. C. E.. Draughtsman, City Engineer's Office, Bangor. 

Walter W. Crosby, B. C. E., Civil Engineer Bumford Falls. 

Charles F. French, B. M. E., Glenburn. 

Charles H. Gannett, B. C. E., Civil Engineer, Augusta. 

George W. Hutchinson, B. C. E., Orono. 

Walter D. Jack, B. S., Chemist, Brunswick. 

Charles P. Kittridge, B. S., Prairie City. Lara. 

Hugh McL. Lewis, B. C. E., Teacher, South Berwick. 

Charles C. Murphy, B. C. E., Hampden. 

George F. Rowe, B. M. E., Draughtsman, with the Xew England Sul- 
phite Digestion Company, Bangor. 

Orrin J. Shaw, B. C. E., Hampden. 

Harry M. Smith, B. M. E., Bangor. 

John M, Webster, B. S., Bank Clerk, A ugusta. 

George A. Whitney, B. M. E , Merchant, Lewiston. 

Hiram Williams, B. S., Medical Student, University of the City of New 
York, New York. 


Average period of attendance, one and a half years. When the pres- 
ent residence is not known, the former residence is given. Special 
students are included in the classes with which they had most of their 

Corrections are solicited. 


John T. Bowler, Register of Deeds, Bangor. 

William II. Cary, The Gary Odgdon Company, Chicago, Ills. 

Edward P. Fisher, San Diego, Calif. 

William II. George 

William L. Harlow, Farmer, Buckfield. 

George L. Macomber, Window,, Minn. 

Cha rles < \ Norton, Buffalo Meadows, Nev. 

William B. (Meson, Clergyman and Principal Training School, Honolulu. 

Prank W. Kollins, Clerk, Stillwater, Minn. 

Orcn 8. Sargent, M. D., Physician, Lawrence, Mass. 

•Marcus P. Shorey, Old Town. 

Benjamin F. Watson, Parmer, Levant. 


William II. Claffin, Merchant, Boston, Mass. 

ph E. P. Clark, Book Business, L017 Walnut St., Chicago, Tils. 

•John Jackson, Alfred. 

Merchant , Efoulton. 

Wilbur F. Lovejoy, Book-keeper, Winn, 

■ ; ' . Surgeon, U. S. A., Bridgton. 

( llarence Pullen, on Editorial Staff, i he "Sun," New York. 

eric A . Ransom, Chicago, m*. 




Frank P. Burleigh, SpringjU Id. 

•Mark E. Burnham, Garland. 

Louville Curtis, Bowdoinham. 

♦.Roland Curtis, M. P., Physician, Bowdoinham. 

♦Samuel C. Moore Cherryfield. 

Charles F. Osgood, Farmer, Garland. 

♦William H. Reed, Springfield. 

George I . Trickey, Lawyer, < 'aribou. 

Mauley II. Whitehouse, Orrington. 

Edward R. Wiugate, Manufacturer, ( 'herryfteld. 

William I. Wood, Lawyer, Gorinna. 


Gustavus Bellows, Farmer, Freedom* 

Leander II. Blossom, Farmer, Turner. 

John II. Carver, Clerk, 9 North Union St., Somerville, Mass. 

William B. Dole, Mechanic, Bangor. 

George N. Gage, Physician, East Washington, X, II. 

♦Benson H. Ham, Farmer, Bridgewater, Mass. 

Alton A. Jackson, M. D., Physician, East Jefferson. 

Mauley Jackson, Organ and Sewing Machine Business, Chelsea, Muss. 

Freeland Jones, Real Estate and Insurance Agent, Caribou* 

Ora Oak, Merchant, Ferris, Calif. 

Sidney S. Soule, Farmer, Freeport. 

*George W. Spratt, Bangor. 

Charles H. Spring, Wool Grower, Buenos Ayres, Argentine Bepublic, S. A. 


Francis H. Bacon, Architect, 96 Washington Street, Boston, Moss. 

Russell A. Carver, Dixfield. 

Frank P. Gurney, Farmer, Brookhdven, Miss. 

♦Frank A. Hazeltine, Farmer, Dexter. 

Eugene L. Hopkins, Wholesale Fruit Dealer, Seattle, Wash. 

James W. Linnell, Farmer, Exeter. 

George J. Moody, Lawyer, Montesano, Wash. 

Webster Mudgett, Ubion. 

Edward B. Pillsbury, Manager Postal Telegraph Company, Boston, Moss. 

Randall H. Pines, Merchant, (Pines Brothers), Portland. 

Walter F. Robinson, Civil Engineer, Great Northern Railroad. 

Heli no, Mont. 

Edward C. Shaw, with American Watch Company, Waltham, Moss. 

Frank E. Southard, Lawyer, \ ugusta. 

Frank P. Whitaker, Physician, Hermon. 




Charles F. Andrews, Biddeford. 

Frederick S. Bunker, B. A., City Hospital, Boston, 3Iass. 

*Edson C. Chase, Stillwater. 

William W. Dow, Printer, Behoboth, Mass. 

James T. Emery, Stillwater. 

Charles M. Freeman, Portland. 

♦Frank H. Goud, Clerk Fort Fairfield. 

Austin I. Harvey, M. D., Physician, Newport. 

Menzies F. Herring, Editor and Publisher, Dexter. 

Ardean Lovejoy, Orono. 

Fred B. Mallett, Lumbering Business, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Fred L. Partridge, Stockton. 

Fred H. Pulleu, First Officer Ocean Steamer 

♦Frank E. Peed, Springfield. 

Woodbury D. Eoberts, Merchant, Cheney, Wyo. 

Thomas B. Seavey, Clerk, Chicago, Ills. 

Henry C. Townsend, Earmer, Fort Fairfield. 

Clara E . Webb, Teacher, Unity. 

Fred S. Wiggin, Farmer, Presqne Isle* 

William B. Whitney, Iowa. 


Charles H. Benjamin, M. E., Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Case 

School of Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Eugene M. Berry, Sumner. 

♦Nathaniel A. Crocker, West Enfield. 

Charles 0. Elwell, C. E., Division Engineer Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Howard II. Hart well, Montpelier, Vt. 

John E. I lay lies, South America. 

Fred II. Hinckley, Clerk in United Slates Land Office, Eureka, Nev. 

Richard S. Howe, Fryeburg. 

Samuel C. Jameson, Merchant, Providence, B. I. 

William s. Jameson, Dealer in Sugar Machinery, Guadalajara, Mez. 

i !• II. Lancaster, Mechanic in Railroad Shop, Old Town. 

.1 w. Leathers, Barer. 

James Lunt, Bapigor, 

Herbeii A . Mallei t , Lumberman, Stillwater, Minn. 

II. Miller, Fairplay, Colo. 

Frank J. Perkins, Merchant, Old Town* 

Charles F. Plumly, Merchant, Lincoln. 

John ( ). tticha rdson, Merchant, Old Town* 

A. Judsou Small, Worth Lubec, 


Albert II. Stewart, Piano Regulator, Boston Mass. 

Edson Warriner, Watchmaker and Jeweler, Fryeburg. 

♦Erastus G. Weeks, Merchant, /,,/-, r80n 


Daniel Allison, s an Francisco, Calif. 

Arthur P. Brown, Principal High School, Bradley. 

Benjamin V. Carver, Machinist, Hartford, Conn. 

Frank Clergue, Lawyer, Bangor. 

Byron H. Cochrane, Woonsocket, 7,'. /. 

Fred A. Colburn, Clerk and Scaler, Stillwater, Minn. 

James W. Cousens, Merchant and Postmaster, Stillwater. 

John A. Curtis, Civil Engineer, Delta, Colo. 

George A. Dustin, Machinist and Trader, ]>, 

Loomis F. Goodale, C. E., Chief Engineer, Saint Louis, Keokuk and 
Northwestern, Chicago, Burlington and Kansas City Railway, 

St. Joseph, Mo. 

Edwiu A. Hawes, Mechanic, Ontario, Calif. 

♦Edwin C. Johnson, Gorham. 

John X. Knapp, Bradley. 

Oliver S. Jones, Farmer, Corinna. 

Albert Y. Merrill, Lawer, Judge of Probate, Aitkin, Minn. 

Asa C. Morton, Clerk, Bangor. 

Harry W. Peakes, Merchant, Charleston. 

David S. Plummer, Book-keeper, Boston, Mass. 

♦Eugene G. Smith, Bichmond. 

William N. Titus, Lawyer, Boston, Residence, Woburn, Mass. 

Howard E. Webster, Lumberman, Orbno. 

Arthur L. Wellington, .' Covina, Calif. 

Charles M. Wilson, San Francisco, Calif. 


Charles M. Allen, M. A., Teacher of Chemistry, Pratt Institute, 

Brooklyn, X. Y. 

Edwin N. Atwood, • • Portland. 

Granville Austin, Salesman, Boston, Mass. 

Sylvester A. Brown, Clerk, Boston, Mass. 

♦Ada M. L. Buswell, Teacher, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Charles E. Cheney, Piano Tuner, Portland. 

Woodbury F. Cleveland, M. D., Physician, Eastport. 

Samuel H. Dyer, ■ Portland, 

Osgood E. Fuller, with Akron Felt Works, Akron, Ohio. 

Harry H. Goodwin, Editor, Dension, Tex. 

John B. Horton, Dealer in Steam and Gas Supplies, Lineal,,, Neb. 



Daniel S. Jones, Watchmaker and Jeweler, Veteran, Colo. 

■♦Charles W. Nash, Addison. 

Willis L. Oak, Clerk, Presque Isle. 

Fred W. Powers, President Forest City Creamery, Portland. 

Emily I. Eamsdell, Photographer, Bangor. 

*Mortier C. Randall, Stillwater. 

William J. Rich, Chemist, Cambria Iron Company, Johnstown, Pa. 

Charles 8. Simpson, Civil Engineer and Country Surveyor, Florence, Wis. 

Frank A. Spratt, B. A., Principal, High School, Olneymlle, B. I. 

Daniel Webster, Express Agent, Bangor. 

Arthur Went worth, - v Orrington. 


Henry W. Adams, Lumberman, Wisconsin. 

*Lorin T. Boynton, - Ashland. 

Charles P. Chandler, Machinist New Gloucester. 

*Frank P. Fessenden, South Bridgton. 

Archy S. Gee, Clerk, Minneapolis, Minn. 

George W. Holmes, Merchant ,. Norway. 

John F. Home, Shoe Manufacturer, Auburn 

Benjamin L. Johnson, Portland. 

Edward C. Luques, Broker, Biddeford. 

Charles S. Macomber, Lawyer, Carrollton, Iowa. 

Charles S. D. Nichols, Farmer, . Hollis. 

James M. Xowland, Teacher, Qiiincy, Mass. 

Charles C. Ross, Commercial Salesman St. Stephen, N. B. 

Clara Southard, (Mrs. Hammond), Orono. 

♦Charles P. Tidd, Telegraph Operator, Forrest Green, Mo. 

Harry P. Tidd, Teacher, Iligginsville, Mo. 

William R. Tilden, Shoe Factory, Campello, Mass. 

William A. Vina], Scaler, Ashland. 

William <i. Wales, Monticello, Iowa. 

Frank I>. Weeks, Government Quartermaster's Office, San Francisco, Calif. 

Flora Welch, Nurse, Boston, 3Iass. 

George II. Wilson, Clerk, (Government Storehouse, Maricopa, Ariz. 


Joseph B. Bartlett, Farmer, Ashland. 

< harlea E. Chapib, Salesman Boston^ Mass. 

Charles C. Dunn, Farmer, Ash hi ml. 

Charles W« Fealasott, Woodland* 

a .]. Greenlaw, Merchant , Worth Fryebwg* 

\\"iHi;ini II. Hatch, Grocer, Lisbon. 

Wesley -J . Jameson, i lerfc, S/. Pavi^ Minn. 



Frederick A. Kenniston, Salesman, Brockton Mass. 

Frederick O. Kent, Bremen. 

Walter H. Nason, M. I)., Physician, //„,„ 

Atta L. Nutter, Principal Shaw School, Boston, Moss. 

Parker -J. Page, Boston, Mass. 

♦Henry K . Poole, />v , 

Louis K . Tilley, Farmer, Castle Hill. 


George R. Currier, Government Clerk, Washington, I). C. 

Arthur T. Drummond, Farmer, Sidney. 

William E. Emery, M. D., Physician, Surry. 

Norman F. Kelsea, Clerk, Brockton, Mass. 

Edwin P. Kendall, Farmer and Miller, Bowdoinham. 

*Henry W. Longfellow, Clerk, Machias. 

♦Charles S. Murray, Teacher, Chirtcutague, Va. 

George A. Rich, B A., on Editorial Staff, "Journal," Boston, Mass. 

Everett F. Rich, Clerk, Bangor Savings Bank, Bangor. 

Ralph Starhird, Lumber Dealer, San Francisco, Calif. 

Ralph R. Ulmer, Lawyer and Clerk of Court, Rockland. 

Frank C. Webster, Clerk, American Express Company, Lewiston. 

Frank G. Webster, Clerk, Bangor. 

Lewis H. White, M. D., Physician, Lincoln Center. 


Edward S. Abbott, M. D., Physician, Bridgton. 

Edward M. Bailey, Merchant, Bangor. 

Joseph B. Bartlett, ,. Nottingham, N. H. 

William A. Berry, Hampden . 

James A. Dunning, Stockton, Calif. 

Freeland Ellis, Clerk, Worcester, Mass. 

Eugene E. Folsom, Machinist, American Watch Company, 

Waltham, Mass. 

Evie M. Hamblen, Teacher, Frankfort. 

Robert S. Leighton, •' • • Steuben. 

*Gilbert Longfellow, Jr., Machias. 

Cephas R. Moore, Merchant and Postmaster, Anson. 

William R. Pattangall, Manager Granite Company, Machiasport. 

Robert C. Patterson, Assistant Cashier Great Northern Railroad, 

St. Paul, Minn. 

Charles S. Pendleton, Farmer, Elmore, Minn. 

Herbert L. Rich, M. A., Instructor in Natural Science, Lassell Seminary, 

Auburndale, Moss. 

Flora M. Ricker, (Mrs. P. J. Page), Boston, Moss. 

Warren J. Ridley, Conductor, South Boston, Moss. 



Elmer A. Savage, Manager Herenden Manufacturing Company, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

Mertie Sawyer, Hampden. 

Charles F. Smith, Real Estate Dealer, ' Boston, Mass. 

♦Horace G. Trueworthy, Orono. 

•Jotham Whipple, Jr., Solon. 


James W. Bishop, Farmer, Milo. 

Frederick H. Butler, C. E., Civil Engineer, Bangor and Aroostook Rail- 
road, Hampden. 

John I. Chase, Clerk, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Harry W. Davis, Banker, Church's Ferry, North Dakota. 

Fred \V. Dickerson, Belfast. 

Samuel W. Hill, Seaman, Machias. 

Willard A. Libby, Clerk, Denver, Colo. 

♦Frank E. Manter, Milo. 

Dennis D. Merrill, Steam Laundry, Auburn. 

Carl H. Prince, Farmer, Turner. 

Elisha C. Vose, U. S. Weather Observer and Journalist, Chicago, Ills. 


Eugene C. Bartlett, Bridgewater, 3Iass. 

Charles L. Libby, Superintendent Tool Works, Bridgeport, Conn. 

Charles IT. Merriam, Lawyer, Spokane, Wash. 

Dudley W, Moor, Jr., Real Estate Dealer, Toledo, Ohio. 

Ha rry E . Powers, Machinist, Bichmond. 

Harold E. Trueworthy, Farmer, Tloulton. 


Alton I). Adams, Manager Commercial Electric Company, 

Indianapolis^ Ind. 

John W. Allen. Ilhersidc, Calif, 

Alice Benjamin, Oakland. 

[rving M. Clark, Civil Engineer, Seattle, Wash. 

Jennie I>. Dority, Wells, 

*\\ Llliam .J. Harris, Groton^ Mess. 

An-tin l>. Houghton, Superintendent industrial Department, Clark 

I University, Atlanta, Ga, 

James 8. Kennedy, Ludlow, 

I H. Kirkpal rick, Bangor, 

William L. Perham, Paris, 

Win. P. Sherburn, Dover. 

L. Tucker, Parmer, Andover^ Mass, 

maim: 8TA 1 i: COLLEGE. 35 

Charles W. Wont worth, Lawyer, y orth Windham. 

Rodney A. B. young, Baltimore, Md. 

Alfred S. Ruth, Resident Engineer, P. S. & <;. H. R. J:., Summit, Wash. 


Charles W. Breed, Clerk, Philadelphia, 

Albion 1 1 . linker, Rockland. 

James K. Chamberlain, Sanitary Engineer, Guilford. 

♦Frank P. Collins, /f%/7 Fairfleld. 

Fred T. Drew, 0row()g 

George K. Hagerthy, South Hancock. 

Ed win B. Lord, Printer and Publisher, Stillwater. 

Alphonso F. Marsh, Druggist, q U Town. 

Frank J. Page, Qreat Works. 

Henry F. Perkins, Mechanic, Oakland. 

Nathan A. Ping, Manufacturer, Orono. 

Charles C. Rolfe, Teacher and Farmer, Maysville Center. 

Abram W. Sargent, New York. 

Joseph S. True, Merchant, Intervale. 

Ernest H. Turnbull, St. John, N. B. 


Benjamin R. Clark, Merchant, Haverhill, Mass. 

George G. Fernald, Grain Dealer, Wilton. 

♦Arthur M. Folsom, Old Town. 

Charles B. Gould, Clerk, Bangor* 

Elmer E. Greenwood, Resident Engineer, K. & M. Railway Company, 

Peabody, West Va. 

Temple Grosvenor, Canterbury, N. B. 

Lew r is F. Johnson, New Haven, Conn. 

Cora A. Leavitt, (Mrs. Frank L. Parker), Norridgewock. 

John E. Littlefield, Lumberman, Bangor. 

Albert L. Lyford, Principal Commercial Department, Maine Wesleyan 

Seminary, Kent's Hill. 

♦Maude A, Matthews, Stillwater. 

Clara Rogers, Teacher, Hampden . 

William H. Sargent, Book-keeper, South Brewer. 

Frederick L. Thompson, Instructor in Physical Culture, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Norman Tripp, Travelling Salesman, Helena, M<>nf. 

"Fred II. Webb, Mechanical Engineer, Skowhegah. 

Ambrose II. White, with Otis Brothers & Company, Arlington, N. Y. 


Carroll D. Cargill, Livermore Falls. 

Charles A. Dillingham, Merchant Old Town. 



Allie M. Hastings, Rockland* 

George W, Hodgdon, Bumford. 

Leon EL Jones, Draughtsman Boston, Mass. 

Irving C. Kenniston, Sheep Raiser, Belmont, Ariz. 

John W. Lewis, Clerk, Newburyport, Mass^ 

Herbert B. Rowell, St. Paul, Minn. 

Gil man II. Webber, Book-keeper, Boston, Mass. 


Arthur W. Andrews, Saco. 

Leslie A. Boadway, Merchant, Madison. 

James W. Davis, Civil Engineer, L. L. & M. 8. Railway,. . .La Porte, hid. 

Henry E. Fernald, Brunswick. 

Robert W. Fuller, Principal Grammar School, Natick, B. 1. 

William A. Harlow, Milford. 

Edwin W. Hodgdon, Druggist, Whitinsville, Mass. 

Byron C. Ilodgkins, Clerk Stillwater. 

Joseph M. Jackson, Electrical Engineer, Boston, Mass. 

Charles II. Maling, Book-keeper, Brewer. 

Edwin R. Mei rill, Draughtsman, Columbus, Ohio. 

Aldert M. Miller, Merchant, Rockland. 

* William A. Morris, Bangor. 

Jay P. Norton, York Corner. 

Arthur M. Otis, Grafton. 

Robert M. Packard, Rockland. 

Clifford I. Pillsbury, Rockland. 

Clarence Scott , Old Town. 

Leonard A. Tirrill, Draughtsman, Lynn, 3Iass. 

Alden I*. Webster, Oqono. 


George A. Bailey, Dexter. 

Frank a. Bourne, Student of Architecture, Institute of Technology, 

Boston, Mass* 
Bertrand J. Clergue, with Penobscot Pulp and Paper Company, • . Veazie. 

in T. Clifford, Leeds. 

Charles E. ( obb, Patten. 

Hamilton, Dexter. 

Ernesl s. Hatch, Lovell Centre* 

b I'. I [ersey, Patten. 

Willard E. McKechnie, Princeton. 

Calvin II. Neally, Teacher, Business ( lollege, Portland. 

1 1 : 1 1 1 - > M. Prentiss, Postal Clerk, Belfast. 

Job Prince, South Turner. 


MAIM - 1 \ 1 ! . I >| 1.1 .,1 . Q7 

George F. Rich, Lawyer. Berlin, X. II. 

Barry S. Thompson, /,, 

Laforest C. Williams Athens. 


*James A. Alexander, Richmond. 

Abbott E. Alton!. Xc\\ England Sulphite Digester Company, 

Howl and. 

Timothy R. Atkinson, Civil Engineer, Rumford Falls. 

Clarence L. Chapman, Newburgh. 

Walter ( tooper, Belfast. 

Herbert C. Foss, • College Hit!, Muss. 

Edwin T. Hamlin, Ithaca, X. T. 

William C. Hammett, U. S. Military Academy, West Point, X. )'. 

Charles I. Haynes, Bangor. 

John Jerrard, Bangor. 

Chesley M. Johnston, College Hill, Mass. 

John R. Morris, Bangor. 

Harry O. Eobinson, Bangor. 

Lizzie L. Smith, I '■ 

Ralph K. Smith, Journalist, Boston . Mass. 

Pearly E. Wilson, Solon . 

Thomas J. Young, ■ Athens. 



Maine State College 

189 3-1894 



Burleigh & Flynt, Printers to the State 



Calendar, 7 

Establishment of the College, 9 

Endowment of the College, 10 

The Board of Trustees, 11 

Committees : 

Committee on the Final Examinations, 12 

Committee on the Prentiss Junior Exhibition 

Prize, 12 

Committee on the Prentiss Declamation Prize, 12 

Committee on the Libbey Prize, 12 

The Experiment Station Council, 13 

The Faculty, 14 

Admission : 

By Examination, 17 

By Certificates, 20 

List of Approved Schools, 20 

The Material Equipment : 

Wingate Hall, • • • 22 

Oak Hall, 22 

The Chemical Laboratory, 22 

Coburn Hall, 23 

Machinery Hall, - 24 

The Experiment Station Building, 24 

The Horticultural Building, 24 

The Dairy Building, 25 

Other Buildings, 25 



Courses of Instruction : 

General Statement, 26 

Studies of the Freshman Year, All Courses, . . 28 

The Scientific Course, 29 

The Agricultural Course 32 

The Chemistry Course, 35 

The Civil Engineering Course, 38 

The Mechanical Engineering Course, 41 

New Courses : 

The Electrical Engineering Course, 44 

The Preparatory Medical Course, 44 

The Pharmacy Course, 44 

The'Departments of Instruction : 

Mathematics and Astronomy, 45 

Rhetoric and Modern Languages, 47 

Logic and English Literature, 48 

Civics, 49 

Chemistry, 50 

Physics, 53 

Natural History, 54 

Agriculture, 57 

Horticulture, 58 

Drawing, 59 

Civil Engineering, 59 

Mechanical Engineering, 62 

Military Science and Tactics, 66 

Hie Short ( toursea : 

The Short Courses of <>n< i and two years In 

Agriculture 68 

The 8hort Course of two years in Pharmacy, 68 

The Course <>i <>nr year La Library Economy,* OS 



The Summer School, (; , 

The Training Schools : 

The Training School in General Agriculture, . 70 

The Dairy School, - 

The Training School in Carpentry, 70 

Expenses of the Schools, 71 

Admission, 7j 

The Extension Courses : 

The Reading Courses, , 72 

TheXecture Courses, - 72 

Expenses of the Courses, 73 

The Farm Course : 

General Statement, 74 

Lectures offered, 74 

The Agricultural Experiment Station, 76 

The Field Day, 70 

The Government of the College : 

The College Regulations, 80 

Expenses : 

Board, , 82 

The library and Reading Rooms, 83 

Organizations : 

The College Associations, 84 

The Young Men's Christian Association, 84 

The Alumni Associations, 84 

College Publications : 

The Annual Catalogue, 86 

The Annual Report, • . * ' 86 

The College Bulletins, 86 

The Experiment Station Bulletins, 86 

The Cadet, 86 

The Prism, 86 



Commencement — Degrees Conferred, 87 

Scholarships — The Kidder Scholarship, 88 

Prizes, 88 

The Kittredge Loan Fund, 90 

Miscellaneous Information : 

Public Worship, 90 

Location, 90 

The Military Organization, 91 

Catalogue of Students, 93 



FALL TERM, 1893. 

August 29, Tuesday, Entrance examinations begin. 

August 29, Tuesday, Fall term begins. 

October 6, Friday, 1 A , ..... 

October is] Friday,/ A "» ual ""htary eucampment. 

November 28, Tuesday, Semi-annual meeting of the Board of \ j.a 


November 30, Thursday, 1 r m i . . 

T . . _' Bua ^' V Thanksgiving recess. 

December 3, Sunday, ) 

December 19, Tuesday, Term examinations begin. 

December 21, Thursday, Term ends. 





















































Bef ore-term examinations begin. 

Spring term begins. 

Washington's birthday. 

Fast day. 

Arbor da}'. 

Decoration day. 

Sophomore prize declamations. 

Senior vacation begins. 

Field day of the agricultural depart- 

Junior exhibition. 

Baccalaureate sermon. 

Public report of the Examining 

Exhibition drill. 

Commencement oration. 

Annual meeting of the Board of 

Receptions by the literary societies. 

Reception by the President. 


June 20, Wednesday, Commencement. 

June 20, Wednesday, Commencement dinner. 

June 20, Wednesday, Meeting of the Alumni Association. 

June 20, Wednesday, Commencement concert. 

June 21, Thursday, Class day exercises. 

June 21, Thursday, Entrance examinations begin. 



FALL TERM, 1894. 

3, Monday, Bef ore-term examinations begin. 

4, Tuesday, Entrance examinations begin. 

5, Wednesday, Fall term begins. 

27, Tuesday, Semi-annual meeting of the Board 
of Trustees. 

29, Thursday, 
2, Sunday, 
18, Tuesday, 
20, Thursday, 

> Thanksgiving recess. 

Term examinations begin. 
Term ends. 


February 4, Monday, Bef ore-term examinations begin. 
February 6, Wednesday, Spring term begins. 




By an Act of Congress, approved July 2, 1862, it w. s provided 
that there should be granted to the several States public lands;, 
"thirty thousand acres for each Senator and Representative in 
Congress, " from the sale of which there should be established a 
perpetual fund "the interest of which shall be inviolably appro- 
priated, by each State which may take and claim the benefit of 
this act, to the endowment, support, and maintenance of at least 
one college where the leading object shall be, without excluding 
other scientific and classical studies, and including military tac- 
tics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agricul- 
ture and the mechanic arts, in such manner as the legislatures of 
the States may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the 
liberal and practical education of the industrial classes iu the sev- 
eral pursuits and professions in life.-' The Act forbade the use 
of any portion of the aforesaid fund, or of the interest thereon, 
for the purchase, erection, or maintenance of any building or 
buildings; and the several States claiming and taking the benefit 
of the provisions of the Act were required, by legislative assent 
previously given, "to provide within five years not less than one 
college" for carrying out the purposes of the Act. 

In 1863, the State accepted this grant, and by an Act of the 
Legislature, passed in 1865, Samuel F. Perley, Hannibal Hamlin, 
and fourteen other persons were "constituted a body politic and 
corporate, by the name of the Trustees of the State College of 
Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, with power to establish and 
maintain such a college as is provided for in the act of Congress, 
and they were made entitled to receive the income accruing "from 
the funds granted to the State by the Act of Congress aforesaid." 
To the Trustees was granted the right to receive and hold any 
donations or benefactions, to select the professors and other 
officers of the college, to establish the conditions for admission, to 
lay out courses of study, to grant degrees, to limit the number 


of students, and to exercise other usual powers and privileges. 

To the Governor and Council was granted the power, u at all 
times, by themselves, or such committee as they shall appoint, 
to examine into the affairs of the College, and the doings of the 
trustees, and to inspect all their records and accounts, and the 
buildings and premises occupied by the College." 

It was provided that the College should teach such studies, 
within the limitations of the Act of Congress, as the facilities 
would permit. Military instruction was explicitly ordered and 
the adjutant general of the State was authorized to furnish arms 
and equipment for military drill, and directed to "furnish to the 
College a United States flag." 

Tuition was made free, and the trustees and all persons em- 
ployed by them, were directed to make the expenses of students 
as small as possible. 


The State of Maine received, under the Act of Congress, two 
hundred and forty thousand acres of public land, from which the 
College has realized an endowment fund of about $131,000. To 
this has been added $100,000, by the bequest of Abner Coburn of 
Skowhegan, who was for many years president of the Board of 

The town of Orono contributed $8,000, and the town of Old 
Town 83,000 for the purchase of what is now the site on which 
the college buildings stand and the college farm. The State has 
appropriated about $250,000 mostly for the material equipment. 

ruder an Act of Congress approved March 2, 1887, the College 
receives $15,000 annually for the maintenance of its experi- 
mental work in agriculture. This is in charge of the department 
known as the Agricultural Experiment Station. 

Under an Act of Congress approved August 30, 1890, the Col- 
lege received lor its more complete endowment and maintenance 
"the sum of fifteen thousand dollars Cor the year ending June 
thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety." The Act provided that 
this amount should be increased by one thousand dollars each 

year until the annual appropriation should reach twenty-live 
thousand dollars and then remain at this sum. 



Term Expires. 
The Hon. HENRY LORD, President, Bangor, .... April 17, 1894. 
The Hon. WILLIAM T. HAINES, B. S., LL. B., 

Secretary, Waterville, Dee. 30, 1895. 

RUTILLUS ALDEN, Wiathrop, April 17, 1895. 

The Hon. CHARLES P. ALLEN, B. S., Presque 

Isle, April 17, 1896. 

BENJAMIN F. BRIGGS, Auburn April 17, 1897. 

GREENVILLE J. SHAW, Hartland,. -April 17, 1898. 

Gen. RUSSELL B. SHEPHERD, Skowhegan, April 17, 1899. 

The Hon. ARTHUR L. MOORE, B. S., Limerick, April 17, 1900. 

Trustees LORD and HAINES. 

Prof. GEORGE H. HAMLIN, Orono. 



His Excellency HENRY B. CLEAVES. 




The Rev. NATHAN S. HILL, M. A. 


maim; STATE COLLEGE. 13 


Trustee RUTILLUS ALDE X, Winthrop. 

Professor WALTER BALENTINE, M. S., Orono. 

Trustee BENJAMIN F. BRIGGS, Auburn. 

President ABRAM W. HARRIS, Ph. D., President, Orono. 

Professor FRANCIS L. HARVEY, Ph.D., Orono. 

Director WHITMAN 1 H. JORDAN, M. 8., Secretary, . ..Orono. 
Representative D. H. KNOWLTON, M. A., 

State Pomological Society Farmington. 

Representative B. WALKER McKEEX, 

State Board of Agriculture Fiyeburg. 

Trustee ARTHUR L. MOORE, B. S Limerick. 

Professor WELTON M. MUXSOX, M.S., Orono. 

Professor FREMONT L. RUSSELL, V. S., Orono. 

Representative I. O. WINSLOW, M. A., 

Maine State Grange St. Albans. 



Abram W. Harris, Ph. D., Campus. 


George II. Hamlin, C. E., ... Main Street. 

Professor of Civil Engineering. 

Alfred B. Albert, M.S.,- Campus. 

Professor of Chemistry. 

Allen E. Rogers, M. A., College Street. 

Professor of History, Logic, aud Civics. 

Walter Balentine, M. S., Campus. 

Professor of Agriculture and Agriculturist 
of the Experiment Station. 

Walter Flint, M. E., Bennoch Street. 

Professor of Mechanical Engineering. 

Whitman IT. Jordan, M. S., Main Street. 

Director of the Experiment Station. 

James M. Bartlktt, M. S., College Street. 

Chemist of the Experiment Station. 

Francis L. Harvey, Ph. 1)., Forest Avenue. 

Professor of Natural History and Ento- 
mologist of the Experiment Station. 

Lucius EL Merrill, B. 8., Forest Avenue. 

Chemist of the Experiment Station. 

James n. Hart, C. E., North Main Street. 

Professor of Mathematics and 
Asf ronomy. 

Howard s. Webb, B. M. E., North Main street. 

[nst ructor Id Shop-w ork. 

Premoni L. Russell, v. s., College Street. 

Veterinarian of the Experiment station. 


Fred P. Briggs, B. S., Main Street. 

Assistant in Natural History. 

Nathan C. Grover, r>. r. E., Main Street. 

Assistant in Civil Engineering. 

Harriet Converse Fernald, M. s , North Main Street. 


Welton M. Munson. M.S., Bennoch Street. 

Professor of Horticulture and Horticul- 
turist o\' the Experiment Station. 

Horace M Estabrooke, M. S., M. A., Main Street. 

Professor of Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 

James S. Stevens. Ph. D North Main Street. 

Professor of Physics. 

Mark L. Hersey, M. A., Main Street. 

Second Lieutenant 9th IT. S. Infantry, 
Professor of Military Science and instruc- 
tor in Physical Culture. 

Gilbert M. Gowell, M. S., Campus. 

Professor of Animal Industry. 

David} Wilder Colby, B*. S., Campus. 

Assistant in Chemistry. 

David W. Trine, B. S., Head House. 

Assistant in Horticulture. 

Harris P. Gould, Head House. 

Assistant in Horticulture in the Experiment 
Howard S. Webb, B. M. E., Wingate Hall. 

Secretary and Registrar. 



Applicants for admission to the College must pass the required 
examinations, or present satisfactory certificates of fitness, and 
file with the Treasurer a bond for $150 signed by two bondsmen, 
as security for the payment of dues to the College. No distinc- 
tion is made in regard to sex, or place of residence. Entrance 
may be made at any time. Candidates for advanced standing, 
unless they present certificates of fitness, are examined in the 
preparatory studies in addition to those previously pursued by 
the classes they propose to enter, or in other equivalent studies. 

A student who has accomplished half or more of the preparatory 
course may be examined on that part, and receive credit there- 
for. In such a case, he will be examined, in any subsequent year 
in which he may present himself, on\f on those studies on which 
he has not already passed. But no credit will be given unless 
the candidate is able to pass on at least half of the preparatory 

As tin* required work of the College includes an unusually large 
amount of Mathematics, and since success in the engineering 
courses requires the ability to make easy use of the higher math- 
ematics, it is desirable that students preparing for admission to 
the College, be subjected to the most rigorous drill in this sub- 

Ai tenl ion is called to the need of careful preparation in English. 
This should include tin; rapid reading of numerous standard 
works of ftct ion, i he careful reading of other standard works, the 
writing of themes based upon this reading and the frequent 
writing of themes on simple and familiar subjects, with exercises 
in puncl uai ion, capitalize! ion, etc. 

Persons who are aoi candidates for a degree, and who wish to 
take special studies, \\ ill be permitted t<> do so upon giving satis- 
factory evidence that thej are prepared to take the desired 
studies, if they subsequently < 1 « - - i i - « * to become candidates for a 
. . or to take a regular course, they may he required to pass 
i he '-lit ranee examina! ion-. 

v, examinations are required for admission to tin; winter 
short courses or summer com 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 17 


Examinations are held al the college, beginning on the day 
before the opening of each term, and on the 'day after com- 
mencement. Examinations are also held In each county of the 

State and in other places when desired. The examinations in 
places other than the college are held on the day after commence- 
ment, and persons desiring examinations at such places must 

notify the President of the college not later than June L. 

To save expense to candidates, special local examinations will 
be given when satisfactory arrangements can be made. Upon 
request, questions will be sent to any principal, or other satis- 
factory person who will consent to conduct the examination for 
the accommodation of the candidate. The questions are to he 
submitted under the usual restrictions of a written examination, 
and the answers returned to the college accompanied by the 
indorsement of the examiner that the examination has been 
properly made. The student desiring to take advantage, of this 
provision must secure the consent of the proper person to take 
charge of the examination, and make early request to the Presi- 
dent of the college to have the questions sent. 

The examinations will cover the following topics : 

Arithmetic. — Simple and denominate numbers ; ratio and pro- 
portion; common and decimal fractions; percentage; metric sys- 
tem of weights and measures; square root. A satisfactory treat- 
ment of these subjects may he found in Wentworth and Hill's, 
Greenleafs, or the Franklin Arithmetic. Jt is important that 
definite ideas of the units of the metric system should he 
obtained. A thorough drill in mental arithmetic with a book like 
Colburn's is recommended. 

Algebra. — Fundamental operations; use of parentheses ; fac- 
toring; highest common factor; lowest common multiple; frac- 
tions, simple and complex; simple ('([nations, with one or more 
unknown quantities; involution of monomials and polynomials; 
evolution of monomials and polynomials and tin? cube root of 
numbers; the theory of exponents, with applications; radicals, 
including rationalization, imaginary quantities, properties of 
quadratic surds, square root of a binomial surd, and solution of 
equations containing radicals; quadratic equations; equations in 
the quadratic form; simultaneous quadratic equations; ratio and 
proportion; arithmetical progression; geometrical progression. 
A satisfactory treatment of topics may be found in Greenleafs 
Elementary, Newcomb's, Wells* Academic or Went worth's School 


Plane Geometry. — The first five books of Chauvenet's, Wells' 
or Wentworth's Geometry. The preparation should cover the 
solution of numerical exercises, the demonstration of original 
propositions, and the construction of geometrical figures in a 
neat and careful manner with dividers and ruler. The examina- 
tion will include some propositions for original demonstration 
or construction. 

Political Geography.— Location of continents, mountain 
ranges, peninsulas, isthmuses, islands, capes ; location of oceans, 
bays, sounds, straits, lakes and rivers ; location and boundaries 
of countries and states ; location of important seaports, commer- 
cial cities and capitals; approximate latitude and longitude of 
important places. 

Physical Geography. — Definition of terms; motions, form, 
size of the earth ; magnetic action ; physical features of the con- 
tinents ; relief forms ; currents of air and water ; volcanoes, earth- 
quakes, geysers, etc. ; forms of water; climate; drainage; tides; 
meteorology, clouds, rain, dew, etc. ; glaciers and icebergs ; races ; 
metals and minerals; fauna and flora. 

Physiology.— Cells and tissues, skeleton, muscles, blood and 
circulation, respiration, nutrition ana" digestion, lymphatic sys- 
tem, excretory organs, nervous system, special senses, hygiene. 

English. — Each candidate will be required to write a short 
essay upon a subject announced at the time of the examination. 
This essay will be expected to show a general familiarity with 
the works mentioned below, and will be examined with especial 
attention to accuracy of grammar, spelling, and punctuation. 
In 1804 subjects for this essay will be taken from two or more of 
the following works, candidates being required, however, to be 
prepared on all of them : Shakspere's Julius Cjesar and Merchant 
of Venice, Scott's Lady of the Lake, Arnold's Sohrab and Rustum, 
the Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the Spectator, Macaulay's 
second Essay <>n the Earl of Chatham, Emerson's American 
Scholar, [rving's Sketch Book, Scott's Abbot, Dickens' David 

In 1895, they will be taken from the following: Sliakspere r s 
Merchant of Venice and Twelfth Night, Milton's L'Allegro, II 
Penseroso, Comus, and Lycidas, Longfellow's Evangeline, the 
sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the Spectator, Macaulay's Essay 
on Milieu and Essay on Addison, Webster's First Bunker Hill 
Oration, Irving's Sketch Book, Scott's Abbot. 

In 1896, they will be taken from the following: Shakspere's 
Merchant or Venice and Midsummer Night's Dream, Milton's 
L'Allegro, II Penseroso, Comus, and Lycidas, Longfellow's 
Evangeline, Macaulay's Essay on Milton, Webster's First Bunker 


Eill Oration, DeFoe's History of the Plague in London, [rving's 
Tales of a Traveller, Scott's Woodstock, George Eliot's Silas 

In 1897, they will be taken from the following: Shakspere's 
Merchant of Venice and As You Like It, Scott's Marmion, Long- 
fellow's Evangeline, Burke's Speech on Conciliation with Amer- 
ica, Maeaulay's Life of Samuel Johnson, Do Foe's History of the 
Plague in London, [rving's Tales of a Traveller, Hawthorne's 
Twice Told'Tales, George Eliot's Silas Marner. 

Each candidate will be required to criticise specimens of Eng- 
lish given him at the time of the examination. 

Botany.— In 1895, candidates will be examined in elementary 
botany. Any course will be satisfactory which brings the pupil 
into contact with plants. In schools possessing compound micro- 
scopes work should be done such as i< presented in Bessey's 
Essentials of Botany, Arthur, Barnes and Coulter's Hand- 
book of Plant Dissection, or Campbell's Structural and Sys- 
tematic Botany. In case no compound microscopes are avail- 
able such a text as Gray's Text Book, revised edition, should 
be used, as both recitation book and laboratory guide. 

United States History. — The voyage's and discoveries of 
Columbus and of the other early navigators and adventurers ; the 
circumstances that led to the founding of the different colonies; 
the causes, leading eveuts, and results of the War of the Revolu- 
tion; the Articles of Confederation and the causes leading to the 
adoption of our present Constitution; the extent of the United 
States at the close of the Revolution and additions 'made to our 
national territory since; the National and State governments ; v 
the causes and results of the second war with England, and of 
the war with Mexico; the canses, leading events and results of 
the War of the Rebellion; history of the United States since the 
close of this war. 

English Gramuak.— Definition of terms; formation of plural 
number and possessive case of nouns; inflection of pronouns; 
comparison of adjectives and adverbs; the agreement of verbs 
with their subjects, and of pronouns with their antecedents; the 
synopsis of the verb; the analysis of sentences; the application 
of the rules, of syntax. Special attention should be given to 
punctuation and capital letters. 



Any preparatory school whose course of instruction covers 
the requirements for admission to the college, may be admitted 
to its list of approved schools. Application for such approval 
may be made by an officer of the school to the President of the 
college. It must be accompanied by a detailed statement of the 
course of study, or a catalogue of the school. 

A committee of the college faculty will examine the course ot 
study and the methods of instruction, and a representative of the 
college will visit the school. Upon the favorable report of the 
committee and visitor, the school will be placed upon the list of 
approved schools. 

Candidates for admission to the college from these schools will 
be admitted to the Freshman Class upon the certificate of the 
principals, showing that the required studies have been com- 
pleted satisfactorily. Certificates must be made out on blanks 
furnished by the college. Certificates will not be received in 
place of examinations for work of the Freshman year. 

A school once entered upon the approved list, will remain there 
until the administration of the school is charged, or until the 
college give notice of unsatisfactory results. Upon a change of 
administration a new application for approval must be made. 


The regulations in regard to approved schools were adopted a 
very short time before the publication of this catalogue. Asa 
result the following list is very incomplete. Some schools have 
been rejected on account of in sufficient courses, and some have 
not yet been approved because the college lacks information in 
regard to them. The following are the schools which have been 

Bangor High School, Bangor, 

Henry K. White, M. A., Principal. 

Bab HARBOR High School, Bar Harbor, 

PresCOtt Keyes, .Jr., B. C. E., Principal. 

Brewer High School. Brewer, 

\\ A. Freeman, M. A., Principal. 

Corinth Academy, East Corinth, 

A. \v. Me serve, Principal. 

I Peering High School, Deeringi 

Edgar IP Crosby, M. A., Principal. 


East Maine Conference Seminary, Bucksport } 

Rev. A. F. Chase, M. A., President. 
Foxcroft Academy, Foxcroft, 

E. L. Sampson, M. A., Principal. 
•Greeley [nstitute, Cumberland Center, 

Fairfield Whitney, M. A., Principal. 
Hampden Academy, Hampden^ 

Walter W. Poor, B. A., Principal 
Milo High School, MZo, 

George P. Gould, Principal. 
Orono High School, Orono, 

S. H. Powell, Principal. 
Ricker Classical Institute, Houlton, 

A. M. Thomas, M. A., Principal. 



WIN GATE HALL. — The most conspicuous building on the 
( ampus is Wingate Hall, a three-story brick structure rectangular 
in form, with a handsome tower furnished with a clock. It was 
designed specially for the departments of Civil and Mechanical 
Engineering, but is at present occupied in part by other depart- 
ments. On the ground floor are two large designing rooms, 
recitation rooms, armory, instrument rooms, and private offices 
of the heads of departments. On the second floor is a handsome 
room occupied by the Young Men's Christian Association, the 
recitation rooms of the professors of mathematics, modern lan- 
guages, and physics, an apparatus room, and two private offices. 
On the third floor are the large drawing rooms, well lighted, and 
said to be the best of their kind in New England. In the base- 
ment is the testing room in which are placed a Riehle Bros, test- 
ing machine of (50,000 lbs. capacity, a cement testing machine, and 
a dynamo capable of supplying power for twenty-five lamps. 
The testing machines and the dynamos are attached by shafting* 
to the engine used for forcing air throughout the building. 

OAK HALL.— North of Wingate Hall is Oak Hall, a substan- 
tial three-Story brick building used as a dormitory. It contains 
forty-eight rooms, is healed by steam, supplied with water, and 
Lighted by electricity. Connected with Oak Hall by a corridor is 
the boarding house. 

THE (INIMICAL LABORATORY.— The Chemical Labora- 
tory, a two-story brick building, south of Wingate Hall, con- 
tains twelve large, well lighted and well arranged rooms 
devoted entirely to the Deeds of the department of Chemistry. 
On tie- first floor are the qualitative and quantitative laborato- 
ries, supplied with fume closets, water and gas; and the quan- 
titative laboratory has in addition, steam cups for evaporation, 
and drying closets, and will soon be piped for suction, filtration, 
and for blast. On this floorare also :i recitation room, a bal- 
ance room , supplied with an assay balance and eight fine analy- 

&U& I 

1 'aafl 

|, M 


tical balances, a stock room containing all necessary apparatus 
and the private office and laboratory <>!' the Professor of Chem- 
istry and his assistant. On the second floor are a large lecture 
room, with a smaller room used as a museum of chemisl ry, open- 
ing fromit, the laboratory of mineralogy, equipped with the 
apparatus necessary for the determination of minerals, and a 
small room fitted with shutters and designed for use in spec- 
troscopic and sugar work, gas analysis, water analysis, and orig- 
inal investigation. In this room is also an outfit for bacteriol- 
ogical examination of water, including two Reichert's micro- 
scopes, with six objectives, thermostats, and heating apparatus, 
and sterilizers for steam and dry heat, together with all neces- 
sary accessories. A room under the roof is fitted up tor photo- 
graphic work; adjoining this is a well equipped dark room. The 
photographic outfit includes a burnisher, copying camera, an 
8x10 camera with Leiss anastigmatic lens for use in preparing 
topographical maps for engineers from photographs. In the 
basement is an assay laboratory supplied with large and small 
furnaces, one crusher, grinding plate, etc. 

The department of Chemistry is well supplied with lecture 
apparatus for illustrative purposes, the latest additions being a 
large induction coil, and several of the newest forms of Plow- 
man's apparatus for the electrolytic decomposition and synthe- 
sis of liquids and gases. 

The greater part of the chemical library, including the cur- 
rent and bound volumes of magazines, is kept in the Chemical 
Laboratory, in order to he more convenient of access to students 
for purposes of consultation. 

COBUKN HALL.— Directly south of the Chemical Laboratory ' 
is Coburn Hall, named in honor of Gov. Cohurn. It is a brick 
building, three stories in height and finished in hard woods. On 
the first floor is an admirably equipped physical laboratory, a lab- 
oratory and a lecture room for the professor of agriculture, and 
the Library. The latter is a well lighted room about forty feet 
square, fitted up with the best modern library furniture. About 
9,000 volumes, exclusive of pamphlets, are on its shelves, and the 
number of books is rapidh T increasing. On the walls are portraits 
of Gov. Coburn and President Allen, and to these will soon 
be added that of President Fernald. On the second door are 
the botanical and entomological laboratories and lecture rooms 
for the professor of Natural History and the professor of Civics. 
Directly over the Library is the Museum, a handsome room extend- 
ing through two stories. The collections exhibited here, already 
large and constantly increasing, will soon outgrow their present 
quarters. On the third floor is the college chapel capable of seat- 
ing four hundred persons. 


MACHINERY HALL.— In the rear of the Chemical Labora- 
tory is Machinery Hall, a wooden building 1:25 feet in length, and 
two stories in height, containing a foundry, forge shop, carpenter 
shop, machine shop, and tool room. The following partial list 
will give some idea of the equipment of the shops: Foundry — 
one 18-inch cupola furnace ; six 50-lb. ladles; one 100-lb. ladle; 
one '200-lb. ladle ; eight sets of slickers, trowels, rammers, shovels, 
bellows etc.; fifty flasks. Forge shop -eighteen power blast 
forges; champion hand forge; eighteen anvils; eighteen full 
sets of tongs and cutters; a fine set of heading tools; No 3 
Sturtevant blower : No. 5 Buffalo exhaust fan ; blacksmith's vise ; 
four blacksmith's 10-lb. sledges; 6-lb. sledge. Machine 
shop— seven engine lathes ; Gray planer; flather; Hendy shaper; 
No. 14 Braiuard milling machine; Prentiss drill; slate sensitive 
drill; double head emery grinder ; benches and vises for sixteen 
men in a division; full sets of taps, dies, reamers, mandrels, 
drills, milling cutters, wrenches, chucks, and lathe dogs. Car- 
penter shop— one Colburn saw bench, with attachments; one 
ordinary saw bench ; jig saw ; 20-inch planer ; 12-inch buzz planer ; 
two 16-inch pattern lathes, with two sets of turning tools, cali- 
pers, rests, etc.; little giant tool grinder; nineteen full sets 
of carpenter's tools, work benches, vises, and cases for tools. 
Power for running the machinery is furnished by a 10-horse- 
power steam engine. 

THE EXPERIMENT STATION.— South of the Machinery 
Hall stands the Experiment Station, a two-story brick building 
of neat and pleasing appearance. On the ground floor are the 
reading room, reagent room, Directors' private laboratory, nitro- 
gen loom, and the laboratory used in the analysis of fertilizers, 
and in original investigation. On the second floor are the gen- 
eral office, the Director's private office, the bacteriological labor- 
atory, and a storage room for books, pamphlets, etc. The build- 
ing£is heated by steam, lighted by gas, thoroughly equipped with 
apparatus, and is in everyway a model of its kind. 

ment Station is the Horticultural Building, consisting of a head- 
house and three greenhouses. In the head-house arc the office 
<>f the professor of horticulture, a workingroom and seed storage 
room, a photographing room, an attendant's room, and a room 
nsed for storage. The main greenhouse, 20 feet hy L00feet,is 
devoted to the use of the Experiment Station, and to the Instruc- 
tion oi students. A second greenhouse, 20 feet by 80 feet, run- 
ning parallel to the first, contains a potting room and a cold-forc- 
Ingjroom. The third greenhouse Is designed for investigations In 
plant nutrition. En the south end of this building is the con- 


THE DAIRY BUILDING.— The Dairy Building, BO Peel by 
42 feet, contains a milk room, a butter room, a cheese room, 
an ice closet, a cheese curing room, a lecture room, the office of 
the prof essor of animal industry, and a laboratory. This build- 
ing is supplied with a Sharplcss Russian steam separator, a 
De Laval hand separator, a Babcock milk tester, a baby horse 
power, creamers, churns, butter workers, cream vats, cheese 
presses, cream tempering vats, weighing tank, and all other 
appliances necessary for teaching the most approved methods 
of butter and cheese making. 

OTHER BUILDINGS.— In addition to the buildings already 

described, are nine others devoted to various college purposes. 
These include the President's house, the farm house, two large 
barns, the stable, two club houses, a chapter house, and a 
small gymnasium. 



The Maine State College is a school of science and technology. 
It offers no instruction in the ancient languages, hut gives a full 
list of courses in the natural and exact sciences, and in their 
technical applications. None of its courses are without a full 
complement of those literary and other studies which are 
especially useful for general training and culture. 

The first year is common to all courses, and is largely taken up 
with courses in mathematics, natural science and English, 
which form the basis for all the future work. Extended courses 
in chemistry and physics are required of all students, and especial 
attention is given by students in alJ departments of the College 
to the study of English, modern languages and civics. 

The Courses of Study Leading to Degrees are five, 
each requiring four years for completion. 

The Scientific Course* is the basis of the work of the College. 
From it the technical courses diverge. It is designed for those 
who seek the College for general culture and training. It differs 
from the usual College course in omitting Latin and Greek, 
and substituting French, German, English, and scientific studies. 
It is substantially identical with the course of the same name now 
found in the curriculum of the more progressive colleges of 
the country. 

The Agricultural Course is designed for those who wish to 
become farmers, teachers or investigators in agricultural science, 
or editors of agricultural papers. In this course, agriculture^ is 
treated ;i^ ;i branch of technology. For those who wish practi- 
cal rather than scientific training in agriculture, shorter courses 
are provided. 

The Civil Engineering Course is designed tor those who wish 
to become surveyors, railroad, highway, hydraulic, bridge or 
sanitary engineers. 

The Mechanical Engineering Course is designed for those who 
wish to become electricians, managers of manufacturing plants, 
or general mechanical engineers. 

The ( hemical ( ourse le intended for those who wish to become 
chemists, or to prepare themselves for courses in pharmacy or 

New Courses. Three new courses will be open to students 
in the fall term of 1894. These will be Known as the Electrical 


Engineering Course, the Preparatory Medical Course, and the 
Pharmacy Course. 

The Short Courses arc provided as follows : the two years' 
course in agriculture, the one year course in agriculture, the 
training school of twelve weeks in general agriculture, the dairy 
school of four weeks, the training school in carpentry of twelve 
weeks, the course in library economy of one year. 

The Extension Courses, which may be pursued by those 
who cannot come to the College Cor residence, are as follows: 

The Farm Course, a series of lectures intended to he instructive 
rather than amusing, one, two, or three, each day tor two weeks, 
by members of the Faculty of the agricultural department, at 
centers throughout the State where classes of sufficient size can 
be guaranteed. 

The Reading Courses are planned as a guide to home study in 
the various lines of work in which the College is engaged. These 
courses cover English, modern languages, political economy, 
history, philosophy, the various natural sciences, agriculture, etc. 

The Extension Lecture Courses consist of series of lectures, 
not less than five in number, upon closely related subjects. These 
lectures are for instruction, and are not to be confounded with 
the popular lectures which members of the Faculty frequently 

Special Courses.— The facilities of the College are open to 
those who show* themselves fitted to take special courses in] any 
of its lines of work. 

Degrees. — The scientific, the agricultural and the chemical 
courses, lead to the degree of Bachelor of Science; the civil 
engineering course leads to the degree of Bachelor of Civil 
Engineering; the mechanical engineering course to the degree 
of Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering. Three years after grad- 
uation, on presentation of a satisfactory thesis and proof of pro- 
fessional work or further study, the Bachelors receive the cor- 
responding Master's degree. 









Prof. Hart. 


Prof. Estabrooke<( 

Prof. Rogers . 
Mr. Briggs ... 

Prof. Harvey . . . 
Mr. Briggs 

Mr. Grover j 

Lieut. Hersey — 

Solid Geometry— Mathematics and 
A stronomy 7 

Algebra — Mathematics and Astron- 
omy 2 

Algebra — Mathematics and Astron- 
omy 2 

Trigonometry — Mathematics and As- 
tronomy 3 

Rhetoric— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 1 

French — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 4 

General History— Civics 1 

Physiology — Natural History o 

Laboratory Physiology — Natural 
History 6 

Botany — Natural History 1 

Laboratory Botany— Natural His- 
tory 2 

Free hand Drawing— Natural His- 
tory 14 

Mechanical Drawing — Civil Engi- 
neering 1 

Physical Culture— Military Science 
and Tactics 6 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 



This course is planned in the belief that the true beginning of 
a liberal education lies in a careful study and a thorough appre- 
ciation of our own language and literature. These, supple- 
mented by courses in French and German, by careful training in 
Economics, History, and the elements of International, Constitu- 
tional, and Municipal Law, and by general scientific knowledge 
and attainments, furnish a substantial foundation for a broad and 
general culture 

This course is designed to prepare the student for those profes- 
sions and callings which demand a broad general knowledge and 
a wider acquaintance with literature and history than is possible 
for those students to acquire whose time is chiefly devoted to the 
technical branches. It is believed to be especially adapted to 
the need of those who expect to engage in the teaching of the 
natural, social, or political sciences, or to engage in general busi- 
ness, banking or other large industries in executive or managing 

The main studies of this course furnish a broad foundation 
upon which the technical courses may rest, and the student upon 
graduation from the latter will have not only the highly special- 
ized training fitting him for the practice of his profession, but 
also an acquaintance with those general studies which form a 
part of every liberal education. 

Upon graduation the student receives the degree of Bachelor 
of Science; three years later, on proof of satisfactory advance- 
ment and on presentation of a thesis embodying original work 
or investigation, he receives the degree of Master of Science. 




For Freshman Year see page 28. 





Prof. Estabrooke<{ 

Prof. Rogers . 
Prof. Aubert . 
Mr. Colby .... 
Prof. Aubert . 
Mr. Colby 

Prof. Stevens . 

Prof. Harvey.. 
Lieut. Hersey. 

Prof. Hart. 

Prof. Estabrooke- 

Prof. Rogers . 

Prof. Aubert . 

Mi. ( olby .... 
Prof. \ abort , 
Mi ( olby .,.. 

Prof. Stevens 

Prof. Harvey. 


Sophomore Year. 

French— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 6 

French — Rhetoric and Modem Lan- 
guages 6 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 7 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 8 .. ■ 

General History — Civics 1 

General Chemistry — Chemistry 1 ... 

Analytical Chemistry — Chemistry 6. 

Analytical Chemistry — Chemistry 6. 

General Physics — Physics 1 

Laboratory Physics — Physics 2 

Heat, Optics, Magnetism and Elec- 
tricity— Phy sics 3 

Laboratory Physics — Physics 4 

Cryptogramic Botany— Natural His 
torg 3 

Laboratory Botany— Natural His 
torg 4 . . . , 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 

Junior Year. 

General A stronomy — Mathematics 
and Astronomy 1 

Anglo-Saxon — Rhetoric and Modern 
La n gauges 2 

English Philology— Rhetoric and 
Modern Languages 3 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 

German— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 10 

Logic — Logic and English Litera- 
ture I 

English Literature — Logic and Eng- 
lish Literature 2 

Analysis of Authors and Historical 


Litct ary Work 

(a) Analytical Chemistry— Chemis- 
try 0*.. 

(a) Chemistry- Chemistry 9* 

Advanced Physios -Physics 6 

(\>) Laboratory Physics — Physics t* 
invertebrate zoology— Natural His 

tory 7 

Laboratory Zoology— Natural His 

lory 8 

Entomology Natural ///story—/ /. . 
Militan Exercises •Military Science 

and Tactics I 

Military Science Military Science 

and Todies if 





































Prof. Rogers <j 

Mr. Colby 

Prof. Harvey — 

Prof. Munson 

Lieut. Hersey — <j 

S] Molt Vi.ak. 

Psychology— Logic and English Lit- 
erature 3 ' 

Political Economy — dries 2 

Municipal Law — Civics 3 

Constitutional Law — Civics 1 

International Law — Civics 5 

Literary Work 

Literary and Scientific Work 

Mineralogy — Chemistry 1(> 

Comparative Vertebrate Zoology— 
Natural History 9 

Laboratory Zoology— Xatural His- 
tory 10 

Geology— Natural History J.'J 

Plant Variation— Horticulture 3 

Landscape Gardening— Horticul- 
ture 4 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 

Military Science — Military Science 
and Tactics 3 

Essays — Military Science and Tac- 
tics 4 


* The student elects one or the two groups of studies marked a and />. 



The design of the course in agriculture is to give to young men 
such a knowledge of the sciences as will assist in making them 
successful farmers, or fit them to give intelligent direction to 
the thought and methods that underlie all agricultural advance- 
ment. The theoretical instruction in this course is given mainly 
by lectures, but this is associated with practical work and obser- 
vations in the field, laboratories, dairy, and forcing houses. 
Practice is combined with theory whenever it is necessary for 
the demonstration of a principle or involves skilled labor, but 
the student's time is not consumed in merely manual operations. 

Every effort is exerted to make the student conversant with 
the latest phases and discoveries of the rapidly broadening 
sciences, and with the best methods and processes in their appli- 
cation to the art of agriculture. 

The distinctive studies of this course are on technical lines ; but 
the branches pertaining to general culture, to social and civil 
relations, occupy an important place. It is generally recognized 
that this course is broadly educational, and furnishes the student 
an intellectual training and knowledge of facts such as are neces- 
sary in professional or business life. 

The t;i rra, comprising three hundred and seventy acres of tillage, 
pasture, wood, and timber land, is well equipped with modern 
farm buildings, tools and machinery; the stables are stocked 
with horsed, sheep, swine, and cattle. 

Tin? ii -lil and other experiments of the Experiment Station are 
also of the greatest value as an aid in converting in the mind of 
the student the theories of the lecture room into the working 
principles of practical life. 

Upon graduation the student receives the degree of Bachelor 
nee; three years later, on proof of satisfactory advance- 
ment and on presentation <>i ;i thesis embodying original work 
or investigation, he receives the degree or Master of Science. 




For the Freshman Tear see pagi 28, 


Prof. Estabrooke< 

Prof. Aubert 

Mr. Colbv 

Prof. Aubert 

Mr. Colbv 

Prof. Stevens < 

Prof. Harvey <( 

Lieut. Hersey... 

Prof. Hart. 

Prof. Estabrooke<( 


Prof. Rogers ... 

Prof. Aubert i 

Mr. Colby 

Prof. Harvey. 

Prof. Balentine . . 

Prof. Balentine.. 
Prof. Gowell 

Prof. Balentine . . 

Lieut. Hersey. 

Prof. Munson . . . . \ 


Sophomore Year. 

French — Rhetoric and Modern Lan 
guages 6 

French — Rhetoric and Modern. Lan 
guages 6 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 7 , 

German — Rhetoric and Modern, Lan 
guages 8 

General Chemistry - Chemistry l ... 

Analytical Chemistry— Chemistry 6. 

Qualitative Chemistry— Chemistry 6 

General Physics— Physics 7 , 

Laboratory Physics — Physics 2 

Heat, Optics, Magnetism and Elec- 
tricity — Physics 3 

Laboratory Physics — Physics 4 

Cryptogramic Botany— Natural His 
tori/ 3 

L aborat or y Botan y—Natu ra 1 LUs 
tory 4 

Milita ry Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 

Junior Year. 

General Astronomy — Mathematics 
and Astronomy 8... • 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan 
guages i 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages JO 

Logic — Logic and English, Literature 1 

English Literature — Logic and Eng- 
lish L iterat are 2 

Analytical Chemistry — Chemistry 10 

Analytical Chemistry — Chemistry 7.7 

Invertebrate Zoology— Natural His- 
tory 7 

Laboratory Zoology— Natural His- 
tory 8 

Entomology — Natural History 77 ... 

Agricultural Chemistry— Agricul- 
ture 2 

Agricultural Physics— Agriculture 4 

Agricultural Engineering— Agricul- 
ture 5 

Agricultural Chemistry — Agricul- 
ture G 

Pomology— Horticulture 1 

Olericulture— Horticulture 'J 

Plant Variation— Horticulture 3 — 

Landscape Gardening— Horticul- 
ture 4 

Laboratory Horticulture— Horticul- 
ture 6 

Military Exercises— Mil ita ry Sc ie ace 
and Tactics 1 

Military Science— Military Science 
and Tactics 2 









































maim; state college. 






Prof. Rogers <j 

Mr. Colby 


Prof. Harvey <J 

Prof. Balentine ... 

Prof. Gowell .. 
Dr. Russell — 

Lieut. Hersey. 


Senior Year. 

Pschology — Logic and English Litera- 
ture 3 

Political Economy — Civics 2 

Munici pal Law — Civics 4 

Constitutional Law — Civics 3 

International Law — Civics S 

Mineralogy— Chemistry 16 

Comparative Vertebrate Zoology — 
Natural History 

Laboratory Zoology— Natural His- 
tory 10 

Geology — Natural History 13 .. 

Agricultural Chemistry — Agricul- 
ture 3 

Stock Feeding — Agriculture 7 

Dairying — Agriculture 8 

Poultry Industry— Agriculture 10 .. 

Stock Breeding— Agriculture 

Veterinary Science— Agriculture 11 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 

Military Science — Military Science 
and Tactics 3 

Essays— Military Science and Tac- 
tics 4 



The course in chemistry is designed for those who wish to 
become professional chemists and analysts, teachers of chemis- 
try, or chemists and managers of industries in which an exten- 
sive knowledge of chemistry is important. Especial attention is 
given to the preparation of students for the work of the agricul- 
tural experiment stations. The course is so arranged that it fur- 
nishes an admirable preparation for the study of medicine. In 
addition to a thorough knowledge of chemistry, the student 
acquires, in his biological studies, knowledge of comparative 
anatomy, and of the lower forms of life, and in his work in the 
chemical laboratory, facility in the manipulation of chemical 
apparatus and the microscope. These are of the greatest impor- 
tance to the physician, though the medical student as such can 
devote but comparatively little time to them. 

The lectures and recitations are closely associated with prac- 
tical work in the laboratories where the students, under the 
guidance of the instructors become acquainted with the methods 
and apparatus of qualitative anal3 r sis and of metallurgy. The 
student is drilled in the use of chemical apparatus, accurate obser- 
vation and careful interpretation of directions. 

In order to familiarize the student with chemical publications 
in other languages than English French text books are used for 
some of the more important studies in the course, and occasional 
translations and readings from the German periodicals are 

Upon graduation the student receives the degree of Bachelor 
of Science ; three years later, on proof of satisfactory advance- 
ment and on presentation of a thesis embodying original work or 
investigation, he receives the degree of Master of Science. 




For the Freshman Year see page 28. 





Prof. Estabrooke-^ 


Prof. Aubert 

Mr. Colby 

Prof. Aubert \ 

Mr. Colby I 

'Prof. Stevens ... 


Prof. Harvey { 

Lieut. Hersey. 

Prof. Hart 

Prof. Estabrooke< 

Prof. Rogers 

Mr. Colby 

Prof. Aubert 

Prof. Aubert ... 

Mr. ( olby 

Prof. Harvey. • 

Lieut. Hersey. 

Sophomore Year. 

French— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 6 

French — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 6 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 7 

German— Rhetoric and Modem Lan- 
guages 8 

General Chemistry— Chemistry J ... 

Analytical Chemistry— Chemistry 5. 

Analytical Chemistry — Chemistry 6. 

General Physics — Physics 1 

Laboratory Physics— Physics 2 

Heat, Optics, Magnetism and Elec- 
tri city — Physics 3 

Laboratory Physics— Physics 4 

Cryptogramic Botany— Natural His- 
tory 3 

Laboratory Botany— Natural His- 
tory -/...' 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics J 

Junior Year. 

Genera] Astronomy — Mathematics 
and Astronomy 8 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 9 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan 
g//fff/es JO 

Logic — Logic and English litera- 
ture /.. ' 

Chemical Theory and Advanced In- 
organic Chemistry— Chemistry 2.. 

Organic Chemistry — Chemistry 3 ... 

Analytical Chemistry— Chemistry 8. 

Agricultural Chemistry— chemis- 
try 12 

[n vertebrate Zoology— Natural His- 
tory 7 

Laboratory Zoology— Natural His- 
tory 8 

Entomology — Natural History 1 1 ... 

Military Exercises- Military Science 
and Tactics I 

Military Science -Military Science 
and Tactics 2 












































Prof. Rogers . 

Prof. Aubert . . 

Prof. Aubert... 
Mr. Colby \ 

Mr. Colby 

Prof. Harvey { 


Lieut. Hersey — 

Senior Year. 

Psychology — Logic and English, Lit- 
erature 3 

Political Economy — Civics 'J 

Constitutional Law and History — 
dries 3 

International Law—Civics 6 .. 

Organic Chemistry — Chemistry 4 ... 

Volumetric Analysis and Assaying 
— Chemistry 11 * 

Preparation of Organic Chemicals 
Chemistry 14 

Photographic Chemistry— Chemis 
try IS 

Mineralogy— Chemistry 76 

Comparative Vertebrate Zoology— 
Natural History 

Laboratory Zoology— Natural His- 
tory 10 '. 

Geology — Natural History 13 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 ' 

Military Science— Military Science 
and Tactics 3. . 

Essays— Military Science and Tac 
tics' 4 



The object of this course is to give the student a thorough 
knowledge of higher mathematics, mechanics and drawing, exper- 
ience in the care and use of the ordinary engineering instruments,, 
and a thorough drill in the application of mathematical principles 
and rules, with a view to fitting the student at graduation to apply 
himself at once to engineering work, and to qualify him, after 
experience in the field, to fill positions of importance and trust. 
The course is planned to furnish with technical instruction the 
basis of a liberal education. Especial attention is given to Eng- 
lish, modern languages and economics. 

The method of instruction includes recitations from text-books, 
lectures, original problems, work in the testing laboraties, field 
practice, and work in the designing room where original designs 
are figured and the necessary drawings prepared. In the last 
year of the course special effort is made to acquaint the student 
with the best engineering structures and the standard works in 
engineering literature. 

The facilities for instruction are excellent. The engineering 
building which has been recently erected is heated and thoroughly 
ventilated by means of the Sturtevant blower system, and con- 
tain- recitation rooms, designing rooms, testing laboratories, 
drawing rooms, and instrument rooms as good as any to be found 
in the country. These rooms are all thoroughly equipped. 
Beside the instruments ordinarily used by the professional engi- 
neer, the department has a tine plane table, a solar compass, a 
testing machine lor iron, a testing machine for cement, and vari- 
ous pieces of apparatus for standard measurements. 

Upon graduation the student receives the degree of Bachelor 
of Civil Engineering; three years later, on proof of satisfactory 
advancement and on presentation of a thesis embodying original 
work or investigation, he receives the degree of civil Engineer. 




For the Freshman Year see page 28, 




Prof. Hart 

Prof. Estabrooke^ 

Prof. Aubert . 
Prof. Aubert . 
Mr. Colby 

Prof. Stevens ... 

Mr. Grover. 

Mr. Webb 

Lieut. Hersey 

Prof. Hart. 


Prof. Estabrookc<( 

Prof. Rogers . 
Prof. Stevens , 

Mr. Grover \ 

Prof. Hamlin 
Mr. Grover ... 
Mr. Grover ... 
Prof. Hamlin 

Mr. Grover . 

Lieut. Hersey 

Sophomore Year. 

Analytical Geometry— Mathematics 
and Astronomy 6 

French— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 5 

French— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 6 

German— Rhetoric and Modem Lan- 
guages 7 

German— Rhetoric and Modem Lan- 
guages 8 

General Chemistry— Chemistry J 

Analytical Chemistry— Chemistry 7 . 

General Physics— Physics 7 

Laboratory Physics— Physics 2 

Heat, Optics, Magnetism and Elec- 
tricity— P/i ysics 3 

Laboratory Physics— Physics 4 

Mechanical Drawing -^Drawing 2 . 

Plane Surveying — Civil Engineer- 
ing 2 ' , 

Field Work in Surveying— Civil En 
gineering 3 *. , 

Descriptive Geometry— Mechanical 
Engineering 2 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and. Tactics 1 .' 

J un ion Year. 

Differential Calculus— Mathematics 
and Astronomy 6 

Integral Calculus— Mathematics and 
Astronomy - 

General A stronomy — Mathematics 
and Astronomy 8 

German — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages .9 

German — Rhetoric and Modem Lan- 
guages 70 

Logic — Logic and English Litera- 
ture 1.. ' .' 

(a) Advanced Physics— Physfos o*. 
Railroad Engineering— Civil Engl 

neering 4 

(b) Field Work and Drawing— Civil 
Engineering 6* 

(a) Field Work and Drawing— Civil 
Engineering 6 * 

Highway Engineering— Civil Engi- 
neering 7 . . . 

Mechanics — Civil Engineering 8, 

Graphic Statics — Civil Engineer- 
ing 9 

(b) General Drawing— Civil Engi- 
neering JO* 

(a) Genera] Drawing — Civil Engi- 
neering 11* 

Military Exercises— Military Science 
and Tactics 1 

Military Science— Military Science 
and Tactics 2 














Prof. Hart.... 

Prof. Rogers . 

Mr. Colbv 

Prof. Harvey.. 
Mr. Grover — 

Prof. Hamlin.. 

Mr. Grover. 

Prof. Hamlin. 

Lieut. Hersey { 

Senior Year. 

Practical A stronomy — Mathematics 
and Astronomy 9 

Political Economy — Civics 2 

Constitutional Law— Civics 3 

Municipal Law — Civics 4 

1 n tenia tional Law — Civics 5 

Mineralogy — Chemistry 16 

Geology — Natural History 13 

Stereotomy — Civil Engineering 12 .. 

Sanitary Engineering— Civil Engi- 
neering 13 

Higher Surveying— Civil Engineer- 
ing 14 

Mechanics of Materials— Civil Engi- 
neering 16 

Foundations and Masonry Con- 
struction — Civil Engineering 16 . . 

Hydraulic Engineering— Civil Engi- 
neering 17 

Bridge Designing— Civil Engineer 
ing 18 

Military Exercises — Military Science 
and Tactics 1 

Military Science— Military Science 
and Tactics 3 

Essays— Military Science and Tac- 
tics 4 

* The student elects one of the two groups of studies marked a and b. 



This course is designed to give such a training in mathematics, 
mechanics, the principles of mechanism, drawing and manual 
arts as shall make the student competent to deal successfully 
with the problems of mechanical engineering. To give breadth, 

the course includes instruction in the natural sciences, English, 
the modern languages, philosophy and history. The technical 
courses are planned to furnish a sound basis for a professional 
career. These include the geometry of machinery, gearing, 
with problems and practice, transmission of motion, bolts, 
cams, couplings and links, the study and designing of valve and 
link motions used in the steam engine, analytical mechanics, 
strength of materials, expansion of steam, construction of steam 
engines, the designing of steam boilers, and hydraulics. The 
methods of instruction include lectures, recitations, practice in 
the shops, filing and iron working rooms and forge, the solution 
of numerous problems, the tests of theoretical results by com- 
parison with machinery, inspection of important plans, etc. 

The department shares the engineering building with the 
department of civil engineering. Machinery h 11, containing 
the shops and forge, has been recently equipped at great expense, 
with a complete set of the most approved apparatus. 

Upon graduation the student receives the degree of Bachelor 
of Mechanical Engineering; three years later, on proof of satis- 
factory advancement and on presentation of a thesis embodying 
original work or investigation, he receives the degree of 
Mechanical Engineer. 




For the Freshman Year see page 28. 





Prof. Hart 

Prof. Estabrooke< 

Prof. Aubert . 

Prof. Stevens — { 


Prof. Flint , 

Mr. Webb , 

Lieut, llersey. 

Sophomore Year. 

Analytical Geometry— Mathematics 
and Astronomy ,5 

French — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 5 

French — Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 6 

German— Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages 7 

German— Rhetor he and Modern J, an. 
g'uages 8 .' 

General Chemistry— Chemistry 1 ... 

General Physics— Physics 1 

La boratory Physics — Physics 2 

Heat, Optics, Magnetism and Elec- 
trici t y— Physics 3 

Laboratory Physics— Physics 4 

Drawing— Mechanical Engineering 1 . 

Descriptive Geometry- Mechanical 
Engineering 4 

Carpentry — Mechanical Engineering 6 

Forge Work— Mechanical ' Engineer- 
ing 6 

Military Exercises— Military Science 
and Tactics 1 .' 

Prof. Hart \ 

Prof. Estabrooke< 

Prof. Rogers 


Mr. Webb 

Prof. Flint 

Mr. \v<-bb 

Prof. Flint 


Mr. Webb ' 

Lieut. Hersey. . . 

Junior Year. 

Di ff ereri ti al Calculus— Math em a t ics 
and Astronomy o 

Integral Calculus— Mathematics and 
Astronomy t; 

General Astronomy — Mathematics 
and Astronomy s ■ 

German— Rhetoric and Modern Lan 
(jtuitjes U 

German -Rhetoric and Modern Lan- 
guages JO 

Logic Logic and Englie 't Literature J 

in) Advanced Vhy*\c&— Physics o*.. 

Mechanical Drawing Mechanical 
Engineering 2 

Machine Design Mechanical Engi- 
neering 8 

Mechanics — Mechanical Engineer- 
ing 7 

Kinematics Meclianical Engineer 
ing 8 

Link and Valve Motion Mechanical 
Engineering '■> 

(b) Machine Work Mechanical En 

gineering 10* 

;i", Machine Work Mechanical En- 
gineering II' 

Hillti i • Willi try Science 
and Tactics I 

Military Science Military science 
and tactics 2 


























7 J 







ludenl elects one of the two groups ol studies marked o and b. 

maim: st a it. COLLEGE. 







Prof. Hart 

Prof. Rogers 

Mr. Colby 

Prof. Harvey. 


Prof. Flint. 

Lieut. Hersey....^ 


Senior Year. 

Practical Astronomy— Mathematics 
and Astronomy 9 

Political Economy — Cwics 2 

Constitutional Law- Civics 3 

Municipal Law— Civics 4 

International Law— Civics ,~> 

Mineralogy ( liemistry l<; 

Geology Nattiral History 13 

steam Engine— Mechanical Engineer 
in;/ 12 ' 

Hydromechanics— Mechanical Engi- 
neering 7.7 . . . 

Steam Boilers— Mechanical Engineer- 
ing 14 ' 

resting— -Mechanical Engineering l~> . 

Steam Engine Designing— Mechani- 
cal Engineering ic> 

Boiler Designing and Thesis Work 
— Mechanical Engineering 17 

Military Exercises- Military Science 
and Tactics J 

Military Science— Military Science 
and Tact <cs 8 '. 

Essays— Military Sc ence and Tac 
tics 4 

























Iii the near future three new courses will be added to the list 
published iu this catalogue. These are the following- : 

engineering is a department of mechanical engineering, and the 
first, second, and third years of the course will be nearly identi- 
cal with the first, second, and third years of the present course 
in mechanical engineering. The college has recently obtained a 
twenty-five-lamp dynamo and other apparatus necessary for the 
work of the fourth year. The instruction will be in charge of a 
practical electrician, and it is the purpose of the college to make 
the instruction so thoroughly practical that graduates will be 
prepared to enter at once upon actual work in the construction 
and management of electric plants. The equipment, while suffi- 
cient, is not elaborate, but it is expected that the Legislature at 
its next session will make provision for its increase. Thiscourse 
will be organized in the fall term of 1894. 

tory medical course will agree closely with the present chemistry 
course for 1 1 1 « - first and second years. In the later years it will 
include a larger amount of work in physiology, zoology, bacteri- 
ology, and botany. This course will be organized in the fall 
term of L894. 

THE PHARMACY COURSE. -Tbose who are candidates for 
a degree as Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy will be required to 
pursue ;i four years coarse, the first and second years being 
devoted t<» genera] training in science and Letters, the third and 
fourth to advanced and special training in chemistry, botany, 

and I'-'-lmirnl ~iil>j<'ct<. A shorter course Of two years will lead 

to a certificate. Thiscourse will be organized in the tall term 
oj L895. 



Professor Hart. 

1. Solid Geometry.— A course the equivalent of books 6, 7, 
8, of Wentworth's Solid Geometry, except the theorems relating 
to symmetrical figures and regular polyhedrons, and including 
applications to the mensuration of solids and original demonstra- 

Five hours <i week for ten weeks, 

2. Algebra. — Theory of quadratic equations; binomial theo- 
rem with fractional and negative exponents ; variations ; inequal- 
ities; logarithms, including- the solution of arithmetical problems 
and application to problems in compound interest and insurance; 
exponential and logarithmic series and computation of loga- 
rithms; indeterminate coefficients; partial fractions. 

Text-book is Wells' College Algebra. Five hours a week for s 
thirteen weeks. 

3. Trigonometry.— Plane trigonometry. Proof of formulas 
and solutions of right and oblique triangles both by numerical 
values of the functions and by logarithms Spherical trigonom- 
etry. Proof of formulas, and logarithmic solution of right and 
oblique triangles. 

The text-book is Wentworth's Trigonometry. Five hours a 
week for thirteen weeks. 

4. Analytic Geometry. — Plane analytic geometry of the 
point, right line, circle, ellipse, parabola and hyperbola; higher 
plane curves; solid analytic geometry. 

Text-book is Nichols* Analytic Geometry. Five hours a week 
for twenty weeks. 

5. Calculus. — Differentiation of algebraic, trigonometric, 
anti-trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions; 


formulas derived by method of limits; successive differentiation ; 
development of functions; indeterminate forms, °, etc.; appli- 
cation of differention to the study of plane curves; maxima and 

The text-book is Osborne's Integral and Differential Calculus. 
Six Jours a week for sixteen weeks. 

6. Integral Calculus. — Integration by fundamental form- 
ulae ; integration of rational fractions ; integration by rationaliza- 
tion ; integrati n regarded as a summation ; integration by parts ; 
reduction formulae; applications to finding the length of curves, 
areas of plane surfaces and surfaces of revolution, volumes of 
solids, center of gravity, moment of inertia and to problems in 

The text-book is Osborne's Differential and Integral Calculus. 
Five hours a week for ten weeks. 

7. Students Intending to Continue the study of mathe- 
matics farther, or to fit themselves for teaching, will be assisted 
in additional work in any of the above studies. 

8. General Astronomy. — The text-book is supplemented 
by informal lectures, an elaborate set of drawings of celestial 
objects, lantern slides, and telescopic work, for which a 4-inch 
Clark equatorial telescope is available. 

The text-book is Young's Elements of Astronomy. Five hours 
a week for ten weeks. 

0. Practical Astronomy. — A course embracing the theory 
and use of the sextant and artificial horizon, the theodolite, 
chronometer, and the altitude and azimuth instrument; solution 
of various problems relating to the astronomical triangle; con- 
version of time ; latitude by a meridian altitude, by an altitude at 
any time, by circum-meridian altitudes; time by star transits, and 
by equal altitudes of a star or the sun; longitude by a single alti- 
tude, by moon culminations, by telegraph; azimuth by a circum- 
polar star al elongation, by an altitude of a star or the sun. 
Other topics treated vary from year to year. The present instru- 
i equipment consists of two sextants and artificial horizons, 
►dolite by Buff & Berger, made with reference to astronom- 
ical work, a si lereal :\w\ a mean time chronometer, and a vertical 
with 1 .8 in. objective, made by A Repsold <Sc Son. 

Instruction i- by Lectures. Five hours a, week for sixteen weeks. 

Courses L, ^. •'». •» are required for nil students, I, 5, 6, 7, 10 for 
engineering si udenl a only. 


Professor Estabrookk. 

1. Rhetoric— The subjects taught are: The classification of 
sentences— rhetorical, gramma tieal; analysis of the sentence 
with reference to punctuation ; exercises in punctuation ; diction, 
with special reference to purity, propriety, and precision of lan- 
guage; clearness, strength, and unity of sentences; extended 
study of the paragraph; themes— including the narrowing of the 
Subject from general to particulars, construction of outline, et(;. 

The text-book is Williams's Rhetoric. Five hours a week/or six- 
teen weeks* 

2. ANGLO-SAXON.— Elements of Anglo-Saxon grammar ; read- 
ing of easy prose, such as the Gospel of St. John, selections from 
Aelfric's Homilies, the Voyage of Wulfstan and Othere, selec- 
tions from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Constant reference is 
made to the relation of Anglo-Saxon to modern English. 

The text-hooks are Carpenter's Grammar and Corson's Hand- 
book of Anglo-Saxon and Early English. Three hoars a week for 
sixteen weeks. 

3. English Philology.— The term English Philology is 
. l'ather narrowly interpreted to mean the study of the Greek ele- 
ment of English, because the Greek enters so largely into our 
scientific terms. In pursuing this study so much of the Greek 
grammar is taught as is needed to render clear the derivation of 
the words and some of the changes which they have undergone. 

The text-books are Goodell's Greek in English and Good- 
win's Greek Grammar. Three hours a week for twenty weeks. 

4. French. — Elements of French grammar and reading of 
selections from easy prose. 

The text-books are Edgren's French Grammar and Super's 
Reader. Five hours a week for tiventy weeks. 

5. FRENCH.— Reading of easy prose and verse, with constant 
reference to grammatical construction. 

The text-books are Super's Reader and Histoire de la Mere 
Michel et de Son Chat. Two hours a. week for sixteen weeks. 

6. French. — Reading of more difficult prose such as is found 
in the popular novels and plays; reading of French history. 

The text-books are Histoire de la Mere Michel et de Son Chat, 
Mademoiselle de la Seigliere, Vie de- Napoleon, Tableaux de la 
Revolution Franchise, or Super's Readings from French History. 
Two hours a week for twenty weeks. 


7. German. — Elements of German grammar and reading of 

selections of easy prose and verse. 

The text-books are Harris's German Lessons and Joyne's 
Reader. Three hours a week for sixteen weeks. 

8. German. — This course is a continuation of course 7. 

The text -books are Joyne's Reader, Meissner's German Gram- 
mar, and Storm's Immensee. Two hours a week for twenty iveefcs. 

9. Advanced German.— Reading of more difficult prose. 
The text-book is HaufTs Das Ivalte Hertz. Two hours a week 

for sixteen weeks. 

10. Scientific German.— Reading* of scientific German. 
The text-book is Gore's Science Reader or Hodge's Science 

Reader. Two hours a week for twenty weeks. 

11. Themes and Declamations. —Declamations, theme 
writing, and written translations extend throughout the entire 
course. During the Sophomore and Junior years declamations 
are selected; in the Senior year they are original. 


P RO EE S S O R RO ( J E R S . 

1. • LOGIC. — It is the object of this course to give the student 
a just appreciation of the functions of language as a means of 
expressing thought, and familiarity with the principles of deduc- 
1 Lve and inductive reasoning. The student is given frequent drill 
in the application of logical principles with the idea that not only 
should these principles be comprehended but that they should 
be ao digested and assimilated as to make them a part of the 
intellect iial fibre. 

The instruction is given mainly by lectures. Five hours a week 
teen weeks. 

i. English Literature.-— Arnold's Manual <>r English Lit- 
erature serves as a guide for the work done, which consists of a 
careful study of some of the master-pieces of our language and 
<>f ill*- historical and other conditions under which they were 
produced. The library is used in connection with these Lectures 
and recitations as the laboratory is used in the study of the 
i Imental scienc 

/ e how a W( - kfor twenty weeks. 

?,. Psychologi Porter'e Psychology is used as a text-book. 
Three horn for thiity-six weeks. 

maim: ST \ I 1: l !< ALLEGE. |<j 

Professor Rogers. 
1. General History. — A short elementary course for the 
Freshman (lass is based on recitation in Myer's General History. 
One hour a week for thirty-six weeks, 

-1. Political Economy.— Instruction is given by Lectures. 
Topical readings and investigation are required, Recognizing 
that the basis of Economics is in the advancing civilization and 
changing conditions of the people, that its objective point is not 
ultimate principles, but the most advantageous adaptation of 
present means to these conditions, the aim of the instruction 
given is not to supply the student with inferences ready made, 
but to teach him to think for himself. With the habit of logicaJ 
and systematic thought upon these subjects once acquired, the 
best sources for information upon economic matters are not in 
the text-books of ten, fifteen, or fifty years ago, but in the daily 
newspaper; for it is in comprehending the questions of public 
policy of the present day that the study of Political Economy 
does its work in making men better fitted for the responsible 
duties of citizenship. 

Five hours a week for sixteen weeks, 

3. Municipal Law. — Instruction is given by lectures, which 
are intended to set forth the general principles of law. Among 
the topics discussed are the general principles of contracts, sales, 
notes and bills, conveyancing, agency, bailments, and insurance. 
These subjects are considered very briefly and generally; but it^ 
is believed that the instruction given, in addition to its educa- 
tional value, will be useful in preventing vexatious and expen- 
sive litigation. 

One hour a week for thirty-four weeks. 

4. Constitutional Law and History. — Instruction is given 

mainly by lectures on which the student is required to make 
copious notes mid to take weekly examinations. The course 
includes an outline of Anglo-Saxon institutions, the development 
of the English Constitution until modern times, the growth and 
political conditions of the American colonies prior to their inde- 
pendence, the Articles of Confederation, the causes leading to 
the adoption of the Constitution ; the comparative study of the 
Federal and the State Constitutions, clause by clause, from his- 
torical and legal standpoints. The political history of the 
United States is discussed as fully as time permits. 
Five hours a week for fourteen\weeks. 


5. International Law.— Many of the principles of Inter- 
national Law are discussed in connection with the subject of Con- 
stitutional Law and History. Such matters of importance as are 
not already so taken up are discussed by lectures during- the clos- 
ing* weeks of the senior year. 

Five hours a week for four weeks. 

6. The Philosophy of History. — The literature, learning, 

political and economic conditions of the great historic nations 
are discussed, and the growth of institutions carefully considered. 
Fisher's Outlines of General History serves as a basis for the 
work done, and is supplemented by lectures and topical studies. 
Five hours a week for sixteen weeks. 

Prof. Aubert; Mr. Colby. 

1. General Chemistry.— Recitations and lectures on the 
general principles of chemistry, illustrated by charts, experi- 
ments, etc. This course is designed to give the student a general 
survey of the theories of chemistry, the preparation and proper- 
ties of the most important elements and their compounds, and 
of some of the important chemical industries. It serves as a 
basis for the other courses. 

The text-book is Fischer's Lessons in Elementary Chemistry. 
Five hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Aubert. 

2. Chemical Theory and Advanced Inorganic Chemis- 
try. — This course, will be required of all students in chemistry. 
It h illustrated by problems and by the examination of museum 

The text-books are Walker and Dobson's Chemical Theory, and 
Naquet's Principes de Chimie, Vol. 1. Three hours a week for 
a weeks. Mi;. COLBY. 

3. Organic Chemistry. — This course consists of lectures and 
recitations. It is illustrated by specimens from the collection of 
organic chemicals. 

Tic- text-book is Naquet's Principes de Chimie, Vol. II. 
Three hours a week for twenty weeks. Prof. Aubert. 

t. Organic Chemistry.— This course is a continuation of 

( ONI - 

Three hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prop. Aubert. 


5. Analytical Chemistry.— This La a preliminary course. 
It consists of laboratory experiments illustrative of the chemical 
properties of the elements and their compounds. The student 
follows the lectures and experiments of Course 1, performing the 
experiments and- working out the reactions involved. 

The text-book is Hart's Laboratory Exercises for Beginners. 
Four hours a week for sixteen weeks. Mr. Colby. 

6. Analytical Chemistry.— This is a course in qualitative 
analysis, consisting of laboratory practice in the determination 
and separation of the common acids and bases, with occasional 
recitations, lectures and exercises in the solution of problems, 
and in the writing of the reactions involved. 

The text-book is Craft's Qualitative Analysis. Sixteen hours a 
week for twenty weeks. Prof. Aubert and Mr. Colby. 

7. Analytical Chemistry.— This is a course in qualitative 
analysis, shorter than Course 5, arranged for students who do 
not wish the extended course required of those taking the 
Courses in Chemistry. 

The text-book is Craft's Qualitative Analysis. Six hours a week 
for ten weeks. Prof. Albert and Mr. Colby. 

8. Analytical Chemistry— This is a course in qualitative 
analysis, intended to make the student familiar with the most 
approved and rapid methods. It includes the determination of 
Fefrom iron wire, Mg from magnesium wire, Al 2 3 aud S0 3 from 
alum, CaO from calcic carbonate. CI from salt, Cu from copper 
sulfate, As from arsenous oxid, llg from mercuric chlorid, Pb 
and Sn from solder, Pb, Cu and Zn from brass, Si0 2 , Al 2 3 Fe 2 3 , 
Ca O, MgO, and C0 2 from dolomite and the complete analysis of 

The text-books are Appleton's Quantitative Analysis and 
Einleitung in die Chemisehe Analyse, by L. Medicus. Ten hours 
a week for sixteen weeks, and six hours a week for eight weeks. 
Prof Aubert and Mr. Colby. 

9. Analytical Chemistry.— This course is similar in the 
main, to Course 8, but is abridged in some of its details to accom- 
modate students wishing some practice in quantitative analysis, 
but who do not wish the more extended courses. 

Four hours a week for thirty-six Keeks. PROF. AUBERT and Mr. 

10. Analytical Chemistry. —This course is like course 0, 
but shorter. 

Six hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Aubert and Mr. 


11. Volumetric Analysis and Assaying.— This course con- 
sists of a series of determinations in acidimetry and alkalimetry, 
and in other volumetric methods used in commercial work. A 
short course is given in the assay of ores for gold and silver. 

The text-books are Fleischer's Volumetric Analysis and Clark's 
Assay Xotes. Eight hours a week for six weeks. Prof. Albert 
and Mr. Colby. 

12. Agricultural Chemistry.— This course includes the 
analysis of fertilizers, milk, butter, fodders, etc. 

The text-book is the Methods of .the Association of Official 
Agricultural Chemists. Six hours a week for twelve weeks. Prof. 
Albert and Mr. Colby. 

13. Agricultural Chemistry.— Similar in its general out- 
lines to course 12, but less extended. 

Four hours a week for twenty weeks. Prof. Aubert and Mr. 

14. The Preparation of Organic Chemicals. — This course 
is designed to make the student familiar with the more common 
forms of apparatus and processes used in the preparation and syn- 
thesis of organic substances. 

Cohen's Practical Organic Chemistry is used for reference. 
Six hours a week for ten weeks. PROF. AUBERT. 

15. Photography and Photographic Chemistry.— The 
course consists of lectures and practical work in the field and 
photographic laboratory. 

Two hours a week for ten weeks. Mr. COLBY. 

10. Mineralogy. — This is a course in determinative min- 
eralogy and blowpipe analysis, designed to enable the student 
to determine the nature of unknown minerals by the blowpipe, 
and to become familiar with the more common minerals by the 
use "I tb'' working collection. 

Tin- text-books are Dana's Manual of Mineralogy and Petro- 
graphy, and Crosby's Tables lor the Determination of Minerals. 
hours a wc V k for six weeks. Mi;. Colby. 

maim: state college. 53 


Professor Ste> ens. 

1. General Physics. —Lectures on properties of matter and 
genera] laws of physics, mechanics, gases, liquids, and sound. 
The student is required to solve numerous problems illustrating 
these topics. 

Five hours a week for sixteen weeks. 

2. Laboratory Work.— Laboratory work consists in introduc- 
tory measurements, including the theory and use of such instru- 
ments as the vernier, spherometer, kathetometer v and the hook- 
gauge; the determination of the coefficient of friction, the break- 
ing strength of wires, the deflection of beams, the laws of the 
common and the torsion pendulum, and the specific gravity of 
solids and liquids. 

Four hours a week for sixteen weeks. 

3. Heat, Optics, Magnetism and Electricity.— Lectures 

are given 011 heat, optics, magnetism and electricity. The prin- 
cipal subjects discussed in the lectures are illustrated by experi- 
ments before the class. 
Five hours a week for twenty weeks. 

4. Laboratory Work.— Such problems as the determina- 
tion of the pitch of a tuning-fork, of specific heat, the use of 
meteorological instruments, photometry, spectroscopy, meas- 
urements of the angle of a prism by Babinet's and Wollaston's 
goniometers, determination of index of refraction, microscopic 
measurements and drawings with the camera lucida, various ele- 
mentary electrical measurements. 

Four hours a week for twenty weeks. 

5. Advanced Physics — The work of this course varies from 
year to year. This year a course in geometrical optics is given 
during the fall term, supplemented by the measurement of a wave 
length of light by use of the transmission and reflection gratings 
and some work in simple harmonic motion. A course in sound is 
given during the spring term. 

Two hours a Keek for the year. 

6. Advanced Laboratory Work in Electricity.— The 
work of this course is about that of the third year of a course in 
electrical engineering. Various methods of determining resist- 
ance, electromotive force and current strength, are worked out. 
H is determined by a magnetometor. A t wenty-five lamp dynamo 
is operated and tested by students. One lecture a week i< given 
to students on the mathematical theory of the various instru- 
ments used in the laboratory. 


The text-book is Kempe's Hand-book of Electrical Testing. 

Two or four hours a week for the near 

7. Advanced Laboratory Work in Optics and Mechan- 
ics. — The student investigates both theoretically and experi- 
mentally the laws governing these branches. In this course, and 
especially in mechanics, engineering students find an oppor- 
tunity of verifying many of the laws and principles laid down in 
their text-books. 

Two or four hours a wed' for the year. 

Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, are required for all students; course 5 is 
required for students in the scientific course and elective for 
other students; Courses 6 and 7 are elective. 

Professor Harvey; Mr. Briggs. 

1. General Botany. — This course treats of the structure 
and uses of the organs of plants ; the relation of the plant to the 
soil and atmosphere; the description, classification and naming 
of plants ; the preparation of plants for the herbarium ; the rela- 
tionship of the more important agricultural plants; and a special 
study of forage plants. 

Text-book, Gray's Manual and lessons, supplemented by lec- 
tures, study of charts and Brendel plant models, special collec- 
tions of weeds and forage plants, and a general herbarium of five 
thousand species. Five hours a week for twenty weeks. Mr. 

'2. Laboratory Botany. — These exercises comprise theanal- 

lescription, drawing and classification of plants, field work, 

and the preparation of fifty herbarium specimens. Instruction 

is given on tin; preparation, arrangement and care of large 

herbaria, and illustrated by a study of the college herbarium. 

Tenhoursa week for eight weeks, Mr. Briggs. 

:}. Crtptogamic Botany. — This course embraces a detailed 
study of about thirty type forms of the prominent groups of 
non-flowering plants. Their lite histories are traced in detail by 
ih<- aid of compound microscopes, and accurate drawings are 
made. Special attention is given to useful and injurious forms. 
Such injurious species as blue mold, black molds, fish molds, mil- 
dews, wheat -inui, com -miii. ergot, potato rot, black knot, 
bacteria, etc., are especially studied, and known remedies con- 
sidered. Fungicides and spraying apparatus receive attention. 
Students are required to collect specimens and prepare them for 
i he herbarium. 

maim: sta it COLLEGE. 55 

Text-books, Bessey's Botany, Martin and Huxley's Biology, 
. Arthur, Barnes and Coulter's Plant Dissection, Campbell's Struc- 
tural and Systematic Botany, Bentley's Botany, Spaulding'a 
Introduction to Botany, Dodge's Practical Biology, Bennet and 
Murray's Cryptogamic Botany. In addition to these, boo! 
reference arc in constant use and special articles and monographs 
carefully studied. The facilities for giving instruction are a con- 
venient laboratory, a herbarium of fully five thousand sp " 
set of Brendel models, charts, and a rich local cryptogamic Mora. 
Five hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Harvey. 

4. Laboratory Botany.— This course embraces instruction 
in the use of the microscope, micrometers, camera lucida, micro- 
tome; the preparation of slides; the study of the life history, 
analysis, description, classification, illustration of cryptogams, 
and their preparation for the herbarium. 

Four hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Harvey. 

5. Human Physiology.— A study of the anatomy, physiology, 
hygiene and pathology of the human body. The text-book is 

supplemented by lectures and illustrated by the use of a skele- 
ton, manikin, models of the human larynx, ear, eye and brain, 
charts, microscopic slides, fresh, dried and alcoholic material. 

The text-book is Martin's Human Body. Five hours a week for 
sixteen weeks Mr. Briggs. 

6. Laboratory Physiology.— Examination of skeleton, 
manikin, charts, models, microscopic slides and the dissection 
of lower animals. 

Two hours a week for sixteeen weeks. Mr. Briggs. 

7. General Invertebrate Zoology.— A detailed study of 
type forms of all the branches of invertebrates. 

Packard's Zoology is used as a guide. Martin and Huxley's, 
Brooks', Colton's, and Osborne's laboratory manuals when appli- 
cable are followed in laboratory practice. The student makes 
daily use of the compound microscope in examining minute forms 
and tissues, makes dissections and careful drawings, and classifies 
the forms studied. Fresh, dried and alcoholic materials, charts, 
models, and the working library of reference hooks are in con- 
stant use. The recitations are usually conducted in the labora- 
tory and pertain to the type forms under consideration. Five 
hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Harvey. 

8. Laboratory Zoology. — This course is a continuation of 
course 7. 

Four hours a week for ten weeks. Prof. Harvey. 

56 maim: STATE COLLEGE. 

9. Comparative Vertebrate Zoology. — A comparative 

study of type forms of vertebrate animals. The methods and 
facilities for work are the same as in course 7. The department 
is provided with a set of Auzoux's Models and a good working 
collection of type forms. Special attention is given to the 
zoology of the domestic animals. 

Packard's Zoology is used as a guide, but laboratory manuals 
and many monographs are used in addition. Five hours a week 
for sixteen weeks. Prof. Harvey 

10. Laboratory Zoology. — Museum work; study of charts, 
and models, and of the life history of special forms; dissections 
of a fish, frog, turtle, bird and rat or rabbit; methods of prepar- 
ing specimens for collections. 

Four hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Harvey. 

11. Entomology. — The study of the anatomy, physiology, 
classification, and economic importance of insects. Especial 
attention is given to injurious and beneficial insects. Insecticides 
and approved methods of destroying insects are considered. The 
department has for illustration a collection of insects, charts, 
models, and an abundant insect fauna. 

The text-books are Packard's Entomology for Beginners, and 
Com stock's Entomology. A full set of Riley's, Fitch's, and 
Lintner's Reports, the entomological publications of the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture, the Illinois Reports, various other 
State and experiment station reports and current literature are 
used for reference. Five hours o week for leu weeks. Prof. 

12. Laboratory Work.— The life history, anatomy and class- 
ification of type forms ; insecticides, spraying and insecticide appa- 

rat us. 

Four hours a week for twelve -weeks. Prof. Harvey. 

1.3. Geology. — The course is illustrated by mineral, rock, and 
fossil specimens, and by charts, maps, and diagrams. Especial 
attention is given to the origin and formation of soils, to the 
method of conducting ;i geological survey and to the geology of 
Maine. Excursions arc made to points of interest. 

The text-hook is Le Conte's Elements or Geology. Fire hours 
<i week for twelve weeks* Prof. Harvey 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 57 

Prof. Balentine; Prof. Gowell; Dr. Russell. 
l. Agriculture.— This course consists of lectures on the 
relations of the natural and physical sciences to agriculture. 

Five hours a week for six weeks. Prof. Balentine, Prof. 
Go well. 

•2. Agricultural Chemistry.— This course consists of lec- 
tures and recitations on the composition of plants, the sources of 
their food and the processes by which it is assimilated. 

The text-books are Johnson's How Crops Grow, and Storer's 
Agriculture. Five hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Balen- 

3. Agricultural Chemistry.— This course consists of lec- 
tures on the origin, formation and composition of soils, and their 
physical characteristics; farm manures and commercial fertilizers. 

The text-books are Johnson's How Crops Feed and Storer's 
Agriculture. Five hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Balen- 

4. Agricultural Physics.— This course consists of lectures 
on the relation of soils to heat and moisture, the mechanical 
condition of soils best suited to plant growth and the objects to 
be gained by cultivation. 

Five hours a week for four weeks. Prof. Balentine. 

5. Agricultural Engineering.— This course consists of 
lectures on farm drainage, irrigation; water supply for stock 
and household, farm implements and machinery, handling crops 
and constructiou of farm buildings, sites, etc. 

Five hours a wed' for six weeks. Prof. Balentine; Prof. 


6. Agricultural Chemistry.— This course consists of lec- 
tures and recitations on animal nutrition, chemistry of milk and 
milk analysis. 

The text-books are Armsby's Cattle Feeding and Station 
Reports. Five hours a week for ten weeks. Prof. Balentine. 

7. Practical Stock Feeding.— This course consists of lec- 
tures on the production of cattle foods and their composition, 
and on formulating rations for milk and meat production; and 
practical application of the lectures to the animals in the herd. 

The text-books are Armsby's Cattle Feeding, Stewart's Feed- 
ing of Cattle, and station reports. Five hours a week for four 
weeks. Prof. Go well. 


8. Dairying. — Instruction consists of lectures upon the 
formation and composition of milk ; ferments, and the practical 
handling of milk; testing for purity and value; the manufacture 
of butter and cheese by use of gravity and centrifugal devices 
and other appliances. 

The text-books are Flint's Milch Cows, Arnold's Dairying, 
Stewart's Dairying, and station reports. Five hours a week for 
six weeks. Prof. Gowell. 

9. Stock Breeding. — Instruction consists of lectures upon 
animal reproduction, the principles of breeding, and the means 
of improvement and development. Practice is given in judging 
animals by a scale of points. 

The text-books are Miles's Cattle Breeding, Saunders's Horse 
Breeding, and Curtis's Breeds. Five hours a week for eight weeks. 
Prof. Gowell. 

10. Poultry Industry.— Instruction consists of lectures with 
practice in handling all classes of poultry, and judging by a scale 
of points; inbreeding by natural and artificial processes; and 
in the use of machinery. Caponizing, and the construction and 
arrangement of buildings receive careful attention. 

Five hours a week for six iveeks. Prof. Gowell. 

11. Veterinary Science. — This course consists of lectures, 
demonstrations and clinics illustrated by models, natural prep- 
arations and living animals. Particular attention is given to 
means of preserving health, the nursing of sick animals, the pre- 
vention of contagious diseases and the treatment of the most 
common and simple diseases of cattle and horses. 

Five hours </ week for fen weeks. Dr. Kussell. 


1. Pomology.— A discussion <>r the most approved methods 
of tiii'n culture; tin- most import ant enemies and diseases of 
fruits, wiili remedies and preventives. 

Three hours a week for eight weeks, 

2. Olekici iii re, ob Vegetable Gardening. — Lectures and 
practical work. 

Three hours a week for eight weeks* 

maim; sr.\ i i COLL] Q1 . 59 

a. Plant Variation.— A discussion <>r the underlying prin- 
ciples of horticulture. The course includes a consideration or 
the origin and distribution oi cultivated plants; their variation 
as affected by soil, climate and cultivation; also a systematic 
study of plant-breeding, including the methods and effeets of 

crossing, the principles Of selection and the influence of heredity. 
Students in this course must have taken Botany course 1. 
Three hours a week for tat weeks, 

4. Landscape Gardening.— Lectures and other class work. 
Three hours a week for ten weeks. 

5. Laboratory Horticulture.— Practical work in the prop- 
agation and culture of plants, the construction and management 
of forcing structures, and the making of plans for rural improve- 

Four hours a week for sixteen weeks, and two hours a week for 
twenty weeks. 

6. Elementary Horticulture.— This course is arranged 
for the student of the training school in agriculture. Lectures 
and practical work by appointment. 

Mr. Briggs ; Mr. Grover. 

1. Free-hand Drawing. — This course consists of the exer- 
cises in parts five, seven and nine of Bartholomew's Industrial 
Drawing, drawing geometrical solids such as the cube, cylinder 
and prism, common objects such as chairs and tables, and prac- 
tice in free-hand lettering. 

Four hours a iveekfor sixteen vjeeks. Mr. Briggs. 

2. Mechanical Drawing. — This course consists of instruc- 
tion and practice in the care and use of drawing instruments, in 
the drawing of geometrical problems and in water colors. 
Especial attention is given to accuracy and neatness. 

Ten hours a week for twelve weeks. Mr. G rover. 

Prof. Hamlin; Mr. Grover. 
1. Mechanical Drawing.— Problems in shade and shadows, 
and dimension drawing. 

The text-book is Faunce's Mechanical Drawing. Six hours a 
week for sixteen weeks. Mr. Grover. 


2. Plane Surveying. — This course includes recitations on 
the general principles of land surveying, the laying out of land, 
the dividing of land, surveying of public lands, direct leveling, 
and the variation of the magnetic needle. 

The text-book is Staley's Gillespie's Surveying. Five hours a 
week for ten weeks. Mr. Grover. 

3. Field Work in Surveying.— The student is made familiar 
with the uses of the chain, compass, transit, and level, working 
with each in the field. Instruments are adjusted, original surveys 
made, and old lines retraced. Deeds are examined, and descrip- 
tions of property traced back in the Penobscot County Registry 
of Deeds. In the drawing room plats are prepared of the surveys 
made in the field. 

Six hours a week for ten weeks. Mr. G rover. 

4. Railroad Engineering.— The theory of railroad curves, 
switches, turnouts, and slope stakes, the calculation of earth 
works, and the resistance to trains offered by grades and curves, 
are the subjects specially considered. Lectures and recitations. 

The text-book is Searles's Field Engineering. Three hours a 
week for twelve weeks. Mr. Grover. 

5. Field Work and Drawing.— The basis of this course is 
the location and detailed survey of a railroad several miles long. 
The methods of the best engineers are followed. The curves are 
laid out, levels taken, and all the necessary measurements made 
to enable the student to compute the excavations and embank- 
ments and estimate the cost of construction. 

Eighteen hours a week for twelve weeks. Mr. Grover. 

6. Highway Engineering*. — Attention is given chiefly to 
country highways and relates to the location, construction, and 
improvement <»1 roads under different conditions of soil, climate, 
and traffic. The text-book is supplemented by lectures. 

The text-book is Gillespie's Roads and Railroads. Five hoursa 
week for four weeks. Prop. Hamlin; Mr. Grover. 

7. Mechanics. — This course consists of problems in the com- 
position and resolution of forces, followed by exercises in finding 
the moment of inertia, the center of gravity, the shearing force 
and bending moment. 

The text-booh is Lanza's Applied Mechanics. Fivehours a week 
forisixteen weeks. Mr. Grover. 

8. Graphic Si \ i i<>. -The principles involved iii the graphi- 
cal resolution of forces are given by lectures. The stresses in 
the different parts oj various trusses, under uniform or concen- 
trated loads, are detennined graphically in the drawing room. 
Lectures and exercises in the drawing room. 

Fivi hoursa week for four weeks* Mr. Grover. 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 61 

<t. General Drawing.— Isometric and cabinet projections, 
and perspective, and the preparation of working drawings. Leo- 
tares and exercises in the drawing room. 

Ten hours a week for twenty woks. Mr. (Jr<>\ er. 

10. General Drawing.— This course is the same as Course 9 
in its genera] features but occupies less time. 

Eight hours a week for twenty week*. Mi;. Grover. 

11. STEREOTOMY.— This course is a practical application of 
the methods of Descriptive. Geometry, and lor its successful 
completion a thorough knowledge of that subject is necessary. 
The student prepares the drawings required by tin 1 stone cutter 
and mason in building different kinds of masonry structures, 
such as retaining walls, bridge abutments, piers, and arches. 
Lectures and exercises in the drawing room. 

Five h oars a week for e igh t weeks . Mr. GROVER. 

12. Sanitary Engineering.— Land drainage, drainage of 
houses and towns, plumbing of houses, sewerage of towns and 
cities, and the ventilation of houses are considered. Lectures. 

Five hours a week for six weeks. Prof. Hamlin. 

13. Higher Surveying. — The student is taught the use of 
the plane table, solar compass, — as applied to the survey of pub- 
lic lands — stadia measurements, topographical surveying, and 
the elements of geodesy, such as the correct measurement of 
base lines, calculation of triangulation. The library is well sup- 
plied with books of reference. No text-book is used. 

Ten hours a week for sixteen weeks. Prof. Hamlin. 

14. Mechanics of Materials.— A detailed study of the 
properties of materials used in engineering structures, such as 
iron, steel, wood, and their resistance to bending, breaking, 
extension, and compression under the various conditions of prac- 
tice. The testing laboratory is well equipped. 

The text-books are Lanza's Mechanics, Merriman's Mechanics 
of Material, and lectures. Fire hours a week for nine weeks. 
Prof. Hamlin. 

15. Foundations and Masonry Construction.— Attention 

is given to the testing and use of the materials of masonry con- 
struction, building stone, brick, cement and linn 1 . Among the 
subjects considered are different classes of foundations, natural 
and artificial ; the stability of dams and retaining walls; the 

designing of bridge piers and abutments. The class room work 
is supplemented by exercises in the laboratory. 

The text-book is Baker's Masonry Construction. Five hours a 
week for eight weeks, Mr. (J rover. 


16. Hydraulic Engineering.— The weight, pressure and 
motion of water; the flow of water through orifices, and through 
pipes under pressure; the measuring of weirs and weir gauging; 
the flow of water in open channels, mains and distribution pipes ; 
distribution systems; the construction of water works for towns 
and cities. The measurement of the flow of rivers is illustrated 
by the application of the current meter and the various forms of 
floats to the Penobscot river or some of its large branches. The 
department is well supplied with apparatus. The course includes 
frequent lectures and the solution of numerous problems. 

The text-books are Fanning's Hydraulics and Church's Mechan- 
ics of Engineering Fluids. Five hour* a week for seven weeks. 
Prof. Hamlin. 

18. Bridge Designing. — The student is taught the method 
of calculating the stresses in the various forms of roof and bridge 
trusses, the methods of loading, and makes complete designs for 
bridges in wood and in iron, working out the dimensions of the 
parts, and preparing the drawings for the shop. Lectures. 

The text-book is Johnson's Modern Framed Structures. Fifteen 
hours a week for twelve weeks. Prof. Hamlin. 

Prof. Flint; Mr. Webb. 
1. Drawing. — The instruction in drawing given by this depart- 
ment begins with detail drawings of a machine. The student is 
required to take dimensions of a machine and make drawings in 
lead on cheap paper. These are then traced on cloth, and blue 
prints taken. Careful attention is given to blue printing; the 
student in many eases makes his sensitive paper. 
Five hours a week for ten weeks. Prof. Flint. 

•i. Mechanical Drawing. — Drill is given in isometric and 
cabinet projection, tinting and line shading. Attention is given 
to the drawing of cams, lobed wheels, the different forms of gear 

teeth, link mot ion-, and plain slide valves. All recitation work 

is illustrated, aa far as possible, by exercises in the drawing 


Three hours a week for ten weeks. Mr. Webb. 

'.). Machine Design.- This subject is studied in the most 
practical way. The theoretical rules and formulas are applied 
machines of standard manufacture for the compari- 
son ol the actual and theoretical dimensions. The rules for the 
dimensions of brackets, beams, posts, etc., are Investigated and 
compared with results obtained by experiment. The subject of 

maim; g i a te COLLEGE, <;;{ 

riveted joints is fully considered, the student being required to 
solve numerous problems on the efficiency »>!* (lie various kinds, 
attention is given to the designing of bolts, keys, etc. Lubri- 
cants are studied and their adaptability to different kinds of 
machinery discussed. The subject of work in its various forms 
is investigated. The work done in the cylinder of an engine is 
determined by means of the indicator and compared with that, 
done on the crank-pin at the same time. The diameter of line 
Shafting, size of pulleys and crank shafts, weight of fly wheels, 
size of connecting rods, etc., an' calculated in accordance with the 
best modern practice. In connection with this work" the student 
is required to design a complete speed lathe and to make working 
drawings for its construction. The course includes numerous 
other exercises of a similar character. 

Three hours a week for ten weeks. Prof. Flint. 

4. Descriptive Geometry.— The time of this course is 
divided equally between the recitation room and the drawing- 
room. The work in the drawing-room consists of thirty-six inde- 
pendent problems, of which sixteen are elementary, twelve are 
tangent problems, and eight are problems in working out the 
curves of intersection of planes, cylinders, cones, spheres, etc. 

The text-book is Church's Descriptive Geometry. Five Hours 
a week fur twenty-six weeks. Mr. Webb. 

5. Carpentry. — This course commences with instruction 
and practice in the care and sharpening of tools, the squaring of 
stock, and taking work out of wind. This is followed by prac- 
tice in making the different joints in soft and hard wood. Par- 
ticular attention is paid to accuracy of workmanship. ' As a part 
of'this course, instruction is given in wood turning, intended to 
acquaint the student with the use of the tools and the ordinary 
operations Of wood turning. The tools are furnished by the 
department. The charge for materials is .$5.00 a term. 

Six hours a week for sixteen iveehs. Mr. Webb. 

(). FORGE WORK. — The work begins with the simple operations 
of drawing and upsetting. Then follows the welding of straight 
pieces of various sizes, the making of rings, and chain links, 
the welding of eye bolts and bolt heads, etc. Each student makes 
from steel a center punch, cold chisels, and a lull set of lathe 
tools, which are finished and tempered for future use in the 
machine shop. Each student is required to furnish a forging 
hammer, calipers and square at a cost of ($2.50. The charge for 
materials is #5.00 per term. As apart of this course instruction 
is given in foundry work. Moulding and pouring are done by tin; 
student under the instruction of a practical foundryman. The 
tools are furnished by tin; college. No charges are made. 

Seven and a half hours a week for twenty weeks* Mr. Webb. 


7. Analytic Mechanics.— Elementary principles and defini- 
tions; composition and resolution of forces; center of gravity ; 
friction, virtual velocities; elementary machines; work and 
energy ; moment of inertia. 

The text-book is Bowser's Analytic Mechanics. Five hours a 
week for twenty-six weeks. Mr. Webb. 

8. Kinematics. — This subject is studied with reference to the 
construction of cams, lobed wheels and gear teeth. The various 
methods by which one kind of motion may be transformed into 
another are investigated and analyzed, and then illustrated 
by the solution of practical problems. The construction of 
cycloidal and involute gears is studied both theoretically and 
practically by means of problems and models. 

The text-book is McCord's Kinematics. Five hours a week for 
sixteen weeks. Prof. Flint. 

9. Link and Valve Motion. — The design and proportion of 
engine cylinders, steam pipes, and ports ; the design and work- 
ing of engine valves ; the setting of eccentrics ; adjustable eccen- 
trics ; the design and working of the locomotive link motion with 
its connections. Problems in slide valve and locomotive link 
motion are worked out in the drawing room. 

The text-book is Auchincloss's Link and Valve Motion. Four 
hours a week for sixteen weeks. Mr. Webb. 

10. Machine WORK.- This course commences with exercises 
in filing and chipping, which occupy from thirty to forty hours. 
The following work consists of ordinary lathe work, drilling, 
boring and threading in the lathe, making cut gears, machinist's 
taps, finished bolts, and exercise on the planers and simper. In 
addition to the tools procured and made while in the forge shop, 
each student is required to provide himself with centre guage, 
Bteel scale, and a set of files at a cost of $2.50. The charge for 
materials is $5.00 a term. 

Twelve and one-half hours a week for thirty-six weeks. Mr. Webb. 

11. Machine Work. — This course is in all general features 
I ourse lo, but shorter in time in order to allow the student 

opportunity to <*l<*ct. a course in physics. 
Seven and a half hours a week for thirty-six weeks. Mi;. Webb. 

12. Steam Exgine. -The steam engine is studied with refer- 
ence to its adaptability ;is m prime mover or source of power. 
The various details ( »i ;i steam engine are calculated and drawings 
of them are made. The results are compared with those ol' the 
best practice. The student i- given ;i thorough drill with the 
indicator; by means oi diagrams he is taught to determine the 
setting "I valves, to calculate the horse power, and to estimate 

umption, .hi' 1 1 li<- number of pounds of coal required 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 60 

per horse-power per hour. This study makes the student familiar 
with the indicator and planimeter, and the method of making 
efficiency tests of steam plants. One-third of the time is given 
to recitations and two-thirds to drawing. 

The text-book is Mark's Steam Engine. Five hours a week for 
sixteen weeks. PROP. Flint. 

13. Hydro-mechanics.— The behavior of liquids in motion 
and under pressure, flowing through pipes and open channels, 
with problems involving a large number of different conditions, 
is studied for its usefulness in determining the size of pipes suit- 
able for various purposes. 

The text-book is Bowser's Hydromechanics. Five hours a week 
for six weeks. Prof. Flint. 

14. Steam Boilers.— This course covers the characteristics 
of steam and its behavior in pipes and boilers, with particular 
attention to its action in the cylinders of engines. Problems 
involving the properties of saturated steam are solved ; and the 
student is required to design a boiler suitable to run an engine 
under given conditions, and to make a complete set of detailed 
drawings for 'its construction. He is also required to calculate 
sizes of steam pipes and safety valves. 

The text-book is Wilson's Steam Boilers. Five hours a week 
for ten weeks. Prof. Flint. 

15. Testing. — Instruction is given in testing steam guages, 
boilers, etc. The department is supplied with apparatus for the 
purpose. The properties of the various metals and tlieir behavior 
under tension and compression, are illustrated by the use of the 
testing machine. 

Five hours a week for two weeks. Prof. Flint. 

16. Steam Engine Designing.— Drawings are made of the 
more imr>ortant parts of the design worked out in Course 12. 

Ten hours a iveek for sixteen weeks. Prof. Flint. 

17. Steam Boiler Design. — Drawings are made in detail 
after the calculations worked out in course 14. 

Ten hours a week for eighteen iveeks. Prof. Flint. 



Professor Hersev. 

The military instruction is under the charge of a graduate of 
the United States Military Academy, an officer of the regular 
army of the United States. The course has especial reference to 
the duties of officers of the line. Cadet rifles, ammunition and 
accoutermeuts are furnished by the War Department. The stu- 
dents are organized into an infantry battalion of two companies, 
band, and a signal corps, officered by cadets selected for 
their character, soldierly bearing, and military efficiency. The 
battalion is instructed and disciplined in accordance with rules 
prescribed by the President of the United States for the guidance 
of officers of the regular army detailed for that purpose. 

The trustees have prescribed that the uniform shall be a dark 
blue blouse with gold braid on cuffs, and State of Maine buttons; 
trousers of lighter blue; blue cap, with gold wreath ornament; 
and white duck trousers for hot weather. Cadets are required 
to wear their uniforms during the military exercises, and they 
may wear them about ordinary college work. The uniform is a 
neat and serviceable suit and costs about eighteen dollars. The 
uniform overcoat is of dark beaver, of ulster length, with broad, 
falling collar and detachable cape. The coat costs about sixteen 
dollars, and will suitably take the place of any other overcoat. 
This overcoal is prescribed as a part of the uniform, but the 
Btudents are not compelled to buy it if no overcoat is needed. 

On graduation, the names of such cadets as have shown special 
aptitude lor military service are reported to the Adjutant Gen- 
eral of the United States Army and to the Adjutant General of 
Maine. The names of the three most distinguished are inscribed 
in the United States Army Register and published in General 
Orders to the Army. 

At graduation a cadet who has satisfactorily completed his 
course in Military Science receives a cert ideate of military pro- 
ficiency wit h bis diploma. 

l. Practical Course. — fa.) Infantry Exercises begin with 

ip" exercises and military gymnastics, and cont nue 
with manual of arms and bayonet exercise. School of company, 
school of the battalion, and extended order movements follow. 
(b.) Target pracl ice at know n distances up to six hundred yards, 
and skirmish Airing over range of six hundred yards. Marks- 
man's buttons are awarded to cadets who qualify, (c.) Mili- 
tary signalling with flag, lantern, heliograph, and field telegraph. 
(d.) Band Practice. e. One Week is spent in Camp. Cadets 
are Instructed in the duties <>i ;i sentinel, make practice marches 


of from five to fifteen milea daily, learn advance guard and out- 
post duties, make hasty fortifications, and work out practically 

the problems of minor tactics. 

Three hours a week for thirty-six weeks each year. 

2. Military Science. — Recitations on U. S. Infantry Drill 
Regulations and Manual of Guard Duty. 

One hour a week for thiHysix weeks. 

3 MILITARY SCIENCE. — Lectures and recitations on military 
science, including organization, administration, discipline and 
instruction of armies ; logistics; security and information; man- 
ufacture and use of gunpowder; high explosives; small arms; 
cannon; projectiles; armor; mines and torpedoes; construction 
of military bridges and destruction of 'bridges, roads, etc. ; coast 
defences ; military law and military history ; closing with studies 
ou campaigns illustrating the principles of the art of war. 

The text-book is Calelt's Notes on Military Science. One hour 
a week for thirty-six weeks. 

4. Essays. — Each member of the Senior Class is required to 
submit an essay at the beginning of the spring term on a military 
subject, preferably allied to his other college work. 

5. Physical Training. — In connection with the work of this 
department, the members of the Freshman Class are given a 
•course in physical training, under the personal direction of the 
Professor of Military Science. The aim is to secure a symmet- 
rical development of the muscular system, and to arouse a pride 
in firm muscles, a clear skin, and an upright carriage. At the 
beginning of the course each student is examined and measured 
to discover physical defects, and individual exercises are pre- 
scribed for their correction. The work required of all members 
of the class comprises free movements, sand bag exercises, deep 
breathing exercises, practice with dumb bells, wands, and Indian 

Two and a half hours a week for thirty -six weeks. 




The short courses in agriculture are designed for those who 
wish to become farmers and can devote but limited time to study, 
and desire to return at once to the active operations of the farm. 
They are planned so as to give the greatest amount of available 
and directly useful knowledge that can be acquired in the time 
allowed. In order to adapt them to the varying conditions of 
preparation and of time that can be given, two courses are 
offered, one extending over two college j-ears, the other over a 
single college year. The former affords a wider range of study 
and practice, but the latter in its narrower range offers a plan of 
systematic study on prominent and important agricultural sub- 
jects. Students must come to these courses with at least a good 
common school education, and be not less than fifteen years of 
age. No maximum limit of age is fixed. Formal entrance exam- 
inations are not required, but the College reserves the right to 
reject any students who show a lack of fitness to pursue with 
38 the course selected. 


A two years' course in pharmacy will be provided for those 
who are not able to take the four years' course. Upon complet- 
ing it the student will receive a certificate. 


This course ie designed to give training for the profession of 

the librarian, and to furnish to persons fond of books opportunity 

come familiar with them and their history. It is not a part 

of any of the regular courses, but is expected to occupy nil, or 

r part, of the time of the student for one year. The 

student may, however, obtain the consent of the Faculty to 

attend other courses <»i Instruction in the college. There will 

tccompanied by practical work in the cataloguing 

:iikI classifying oi books, elementary work in bibliography, and 


in the history of foreign literatures, and lectures on the details 
of library administration. It is intended to make the course 
thoroughly practical, and it is expected that those who com- 
plete it will be fitted to take charge of small libraries, or depart- 
ments in larger libraries. For conditions of admission, candi- 
dates should correspond with the librarian. There will be no 
Charges except those for materials consumed. Those who com- 
plete the course satisfactorily will receive a certificate certifying 
to that effect. 


A summer school, especially intended for teachers, will^be 
opened on the second Wednesday of July, 1894, if there should 
prove to be sufficient demand for it on the part of those for 
whose especial benefit it is planned. All the laboratories of the 
College will be opened and in operation under the charge of 
competent instructors, in most cases members of the Faculty. 
Other departments will also be organized. Those who wish 
further information majr obtain circulars with detailed state- 
ment of courses by applying to Prof. James S. Stevens, Ph. D., 
or to the President of the College. 




This course is designed to meet the needs of practical farmers 
and of young- men expecting to become farmers, who are unable 
to devote a longer time to preparatory study. It begins on the 
first Wednesday in December in each year, and continues for 
twelve consecutive weeks. The instruction includes lectures 
and recitations upon agricultural chemistry, animal industry, 
dairy husbandry, horticulture, veterinary science, agricultural 
engineering, entomology, and business law. 


This course is planned to prepare in the most practical manner 
those who expect to act as managers of creameries or to conduct 
large private dairies. It begins on the second Wednesdaj' in 
December of each year, continuing for four consecutive weeks, 
and will consist of lectures on the constitution of milk, the con- 
ditions which affect the creaming, churning, and preserving of 
milk ; the heating, ventilation, and physical problems connected 
with the dairy; the management of boilers and eugines; the 
care of tools and machinery; the diseases of the cow; feeding 
and breeding; and very largely of actual practice in the dairy 
building, in milk testing and butter making. 


This course La intended for carpenters and those who propose 

to become carpenters. It will begin on the first Wednesday in 

December of each year, and continnefor twelve consecutive 

-. Candidates r<>r admission must be not less than fourteen 

jreare Of age and have a good common school education. The 

course will Include the use of tie' ordinary hand tools and the 
lathe, tie- care of tools and machinery, tiling of metal, business 

Including the making of contracts, the drawing of specifica- 
tions, etc.; exercise in the framing or buildings from specifica- 
tion-, mechanical drawing ; the use or simple surveying instru- 
ments for the laying out of buildings, explanations or the most 
useful elementary principles of the higher mathematics, and one 
not closely related to technical work, bul Intended to 

en and develop the intellect mil powers. 



No charge is made for tuition. Each student in the course in 
library economy pays for materials used. Each student in the 
training school in carpentry will pay for materials used, and for 
his part of the running expenses of the shops The charge 
should not exceed five dollars in either case. The student in 
the training school in general agriculture and in the dairy 
school, will provide himself with two suits of white duck clothes. 
These can be obtained in Orono for $1.00 each. 

The principal expense will be for rooms and board. Male 
students in the library course or in the short courses in agricul- 
ture will be provided with rooms in the College dormitory with- 
out charge. Free rooms cannot be supplied for women students, 
but rooms may be obtained in the village at very small prices. 
Students in the training schools will be accommodated with rooms 
in the College dormitory if any are vacant, otherwise they must 
find rooms in the village. During term time, all students may 
obtain board in the College boarding house, but during the vaca- 
tion they must find board in the village, or at neighboring houses, 
unless a sufficient number may present themselves to justify the 
opening of the boarding house. Students in the dairy school w T ill 
be furnished with rooms free of charge. The College will under- 
take to furnish rooms and board during four weeks for not more 
than twenty-five students in the dairy school at a fixed charge of 
fifteen dollars each. The students must supply their own bed- 
ding. Board and room may be obtained in the village at prices 
varying from three to four dollars per wee£. 

Admission.— Students must be at least fifteen years of age, 
and have a good common school education. Formal entrance 
examinations are not required, but those who lack proper prepa- 
ration cannot reap the full benefits of the courses. 



The extension courses are planned with the desire to make the 
College as widely useful as possible in spreading information, 
and in stimulating study and investigation. They are intended 
more especially for those who for reasons of age, limited leisure, 
or lack of funds are prevented from attending the full courses of 
the College, and are an attempt to take the College to those who 
are unable to come to it. They consist of systematic home read- 
ings, and series of lectures to be delivered at convenient centers 
throughout the State. 


Special circulars in regard to these courses will be sent to those 
who apply for them. Courses in agriculture and political 
economy have been formulated, and courses in other lines in 
which the work of the College lies will be prepared. 


These courses consist of series of lectures by the same person, 
not less than live each, on closely connected topics or on portions 
of the same topic. They are delivered by members of the Faculty 
and tbc subjects and methods of treatment pursued are those used 

at the College. The lectures should be delivered at, Intervals of 
on.- or t wo weeks, and preferably on Friday or Saturday evenings, 
in order nol to disarrange the borne work of tbc instructors. 
The purpose of t hese courses is to insi ruct, lay out lines of work, 
quicken intellectual effort, and lead to investigation. They must 
not !><• confounded with popular lectures Cor entertainment, or 
courses consisting of individual lectures on disconnected subjects. 
in order thai the maximum advantage may be derived from these 
Lecl Hi'' courses, it ie desirable t bat reading courses be established 
in connectioD with them. Material for this reading will be 
recommended by tie- lecturers in the respective courses, or sup- 
plied in tin- form oi pamphlets at a nominal price. Quizzes and 
discussions v\iii beheld, jusl before or after each lecture. Ques^ 


tiona inviting answers in writing will be proposed from week to 
week. A printed syllabus of the lectures will he furnished, and 
final examinations will be given to those who desire them. 
These courses are intended primarily lor those who seek them 
for purposes of instruction, taking part, in the quizzes, and pur- 
suing the reading courses in connection with them, but others 
who attend merely tor the purpose of hearing the lectures are 

Expenses. — When a course is desired', it will be found wise 
first to effect a local organization to conduct the business of the 
course. The local organization will be expected to pay all the 
expenses, including the lecturer's travelling expenses, the rental 
of hall, furnishing of tickets, lights, etc. 



The farm course, although properly a part of the extension 
work of the College, is given, for purposes of convenience, a sep- 
arate name, and is treated by itself. It differs from the other 
courses in that it relates entirely to agriculture and largely to 
practical matters, and that the series of lectures is a longer one 
and delivered by more than one person. It consists of one, two, 
or three lectures each day for two weeks. The subjects of the 
lectures ottered during the present year are stated in detail 
below. The courses begin as early in the fall as desired and con- 
tinue until about the first of April. They will be held wherever 
a class of sufficient size — at present, fifteen is regarded as suffi- 
cient — can be got together under an agreement to attend the 
meet ings of the class regularly, and to pay the expenses involved. 
Tin- expenses depend largely upon the distance which the lec- 
turer must travel. They can be reduced when two courses are 
carried on at the same time in adjacent places. This can be done 
conveniently when it is possible to deliver morning or afternoon 
lectures in one place and evening lectures at the other. It is the 
intention to Illustrate the subjects under discussion as fully as 
ible by the use of charts, pictures, lantern slides, apparatus, 
and specimens. The more important apparatus, such as the Bab- 
cock milk test, can he shown in actual operation. Reading 
courses on parallel lines are provided. Quizzes and examinations 
will he provided lor those who desire them. The courses are 

open to men and women alike. 

LIST <>r LECT1 :.i 3. 

l and i. Cattle Breeding.— Origin of domesticated cattle; 
principles and laws of breeding; agencies effecting variation; 
judging bj scales of points, illustrated. Prop. Gowell. 

3 and t. Cattle Feeding Nutritive processes; effects Jof 
the 'litre tent properties of plants in nutrition ; feeding standards; 
formulating rations ; sources o1 cattle u>m\^ and their composi- 
tion. Prop. Gowell. 


5 and 6. Dairying. — Milk formation and composition; fer- 
ments; testing for Tat and other solids; milk and cream handling 
and curing; butter and cheese making; judging by scales of 
points. Illustrated. , PROF. GOWELL. 

7 and 8. Plant Nutrition.— Composition of plants; sources 
Of plant food. Illustrated. PROP. BALENTINE. 

9 and 10. Farm Manures. — Composition ; preservation, losses 
In handling; methods of application. Illustrated. 

Prof. Balentine. 

11 and 12. Commercial Fertilizers.— Sources of crude 
materials; preparation ; composition ; .economies in mixing and 
applying. Illustrated. Prof. Balentine. 

13. Origin of Soils. — Disintegration of rocks, — chemical and 
physical causes; kinds of rocks, — limestones, sandstones, clay, 
etc. ; classification of soils, their composition and mechanical 
condition ; characteristics of a good soil ; soils for special pur- 
poses. Illustrated. Prof. Harvey. 

14. Injurious Insects.— History, description; nature of in- 
juries; remedial measures. Illustrated by charts, models, and 
microscopical slides. Prof. Harvey. 

15. Bacteria. — Nature and organization ; effects, beneficial 
and injurious, in producing fermentation, and diseases of plants 
and animals ; remedial measures. Illustrated by charts, models 
and microscopic slides. Prof. Harvey. 

16. Small Fruits. — Propagation; culture ; picking ; market- 
ing; winter protection; uses; varieties. Prof. Munson. 

17. Orchard Culture. — Starting an orchard; care of trees; 
picking and marketing fruit; pruning; grafting and budding; 
varieties. Illustrated. Prof. Munson. 

18. Market Gardening. — Location; soil and aspect; meth- 
ods of culture ; implements ; storing and marketing ; gardening 
in winter. Illustrated. Prof. Munson. 

19. The Home Place.— Care of grounds; what, when and 
how to plant ; arrangement of trees and shrubs ; window garden- 
ing; flowers for the home. Prof. Munson. 

20. Plant Life on the Farm. — The processes of germina- 
tion ; growth, development; the nature and functions of roots 
and leaves; the movement of sap; influence of light, heat, 
moisture, soil; practical applications. Prof. Munson. 

21 and 22. Enemies and Diseases of Plants.— Common 
insect enemies; coddling moth, tent-caterpillar, canker worm, 
etc. ; fungous and bacterial diseases,— apple scab, black knot, 
pear blight, etc.; insecticides and fungicides; spraying appa- 
ratus; results of spraying. Illustrated. Prof. Munson. 



The Agricultural Experiment Station of the Maine State Col- 
lege owes its existence to the passage by Congress of an act, 
popularly known as the Hatch Act, which became a law on 
March 2, 1887. This act specifically provides that the Station 
shall be a department of the College. As such it has been 
organized and therefore sustains the same relation to the govern- 
ing board as the departments of instruction. 

Such are the conditions, however, under which this department 
vi as created, placing it in peculiar and intimate relations with 
the agriculture of the State, and so essential is it to satisfy the 
general government that the lines of work and expenditure of 
funds are in accordance with the terms of the law, that the Sta- 
tion has an administration and equipment which appear to place 
it somewhat apart from the general body of the institution. 

The affairs of the Station, excepting the selection of its officers, 
arc considered by a Station Council, which consists of a commit- 
ter of Hi*' Trustees of the College, the President of the College, 
members of the station Staff, and representatives from the State 
Board of Agriculture, the State Pomological Society and the 
Patron e of Husbandry. This Council is advisory in its capacity 
and refers the results of its deliberations to the Trustees for 
ratification. In this way a decision is reached as to the experi- 
ments and investigations to be undertaken, and the distribution 
of the expenditures in various directions, otherwise than 

The Station Staff includes eleven persons: A director, two 
chemists, one agriculturist, a botanist and entomologist with an 
nit. a veterinarian, a horticulturist with an assistant-, a 
I nan of experimental w orb in the field and barn, and a stenog- 
rapher and clerk. Six of these persons devote 1 hemselves entirely 
ition matters, while live give a part of their time to the 
1 1 • i i 1 1 1 j oi 9 1 u Lents. 

maim: state college. 77 

The appliances which the Station has at its command consist 
of a principal building which contains the office and chemical 
and bacteriological laboratories fairly well equipped with appa- 
ratus, a finely constructed forcing house 65 by 18 feet, devoted to 

the study of plant nutrition, a part use of another forcing house 
100 by 20 feet tor general horticultural experiments, rooms for 
photographic work, meteorological apparatus, an unusually well 
built barn 100 by 40 feet convenient for digestion and feeding 
experiments with both cattle and swine, twenty-five acres of 
land occupied by general field experiments, a few acres set with 
large and small fruits, a vegetable garden, farm, garden and 
dairy apparatus, and a varying number of experimental animals. 
A certain amount of fruit has been set in several localities in the 
State, which is under the general supervision of the Station Hor- 

The Station receives $15,000 annualty from the general govern- 
ment which is supplemented by a small sum derived from the 
sale of farm and garden products. 

The act of Congress declares that these experiment stations 
shall be established "in order to aid in acquiring and diffusing 
among the people of the United States useful and practical inform- 
ation on subjects connected with agriculture, and to promote scien- 
tific investigation and experiment respecting the principles and 
application of agricultural science." This general purpose is to 
be accomplished by making it u the object and duty of said experi- 
ment stations to conduct original researches or verify experi- 
ments" along various lines which are specified somewhat in 
detail, but which considered broadly relate to plant and animaj 
nutrition, plant and animal diseases and pests, and the technics 
of the various methods involved in crop production and animal 
husbandry. The Maine Experiment Station is therefore by legal 
enactment, as it is believed to be in fact, a department of experi- 
ment and investigation. Its true purpose is evidently not to give 
that sort of instruction for which provision is made in the agri- 
cultural departments of the u land grant" colleges, hut rather to 
enlarge the domain of that scientific knowledge which is inti- 
mately related to the art of agriculture and to disseminate the 
facts which it may acquire in such a manner as to most generally 
and safely secure for them their proper place in agricultural 

It is certainly incumbent upon this Station to shape its work 
with reference to the special features and needs of Maine agri- 
culture. An effort has been made to do so, and as Maine is one 
of the older states, the fertility of wdiose soil is somewhat im- 
paired, and as stock husbandry in general, and more especially 
dairy husbandry, is to an increasing extent the farmer's main reli- 
ance under the conditions which prevail in this State, the activi- 


ties of the Station have heretofore largely related to fertilizers, 
plant and animal nutrition, and to the problems which pertain to 
the production and handling of milk. Orcharding and market 
gardening occupy an important place in the plans of work and 
the diseases and pests of plants and animals are given much 

The publications of the Station consist of annual reports and 
frequent short bulletins. The latter are intended to convey to 
farmers, in a form adapted to popular comprehension, all the 
results that in any way relate to farm practice. 

The annual reports, on the other hand, are expected to con- 
tain a fuller statement of the proceedings of the Station, involv- 
ing to some extent the technical language of science, with a 
completeness of data that might be bewildering to those not 
accustomed to a close analysis of language and facts. These 
reports will include nothing of value to practical agriculture not 
set forth in the bulletins. 

All station bulletins are sent to farmers on request, free of 
expense. The annual reports are sent only when a statement is 
made that they are especially desired. 



One day in each year is known as the Field Day of the agricul- 
tural department. The usual college exercises are omitted and 
all departments are thrown open to visitors. Especial effort is 
made to exhibit the facilities of the agricultural department in 
the most thorough manner. Special rates are obtained on the 
railroad for those who come from a distance. The attendance 
has ranged from fifteen hundred to two thousand persons. The 
program includes informal talks by the professors in regard to 
the collections, demonstrations with some of the more important 
apparatus, exhibitions of improved agricultural machinery, the 
operationof the dairy building, an exhibit of agricultural pro- 
ducts, tools, and supplies contributed by manufacturers and 
dealers. Tests of new agricultural machinery are made. The 
field experiments of the Experiment Station are explained by the 

In the afternoon the cadets give an exhibition drill, and later a 
meeting is held in the chapel. Addresses are made by represen- 
tatives of the Board of Trustees, the Faculty of the College and 
the various important agricultural organizations, and by other 
distinguished visitors. The certificates to be awarded to those 
completing the farm couise and other extension courses in agri- 
culture will be awarded at this meeting. Circulars in regard to 
Field Day may be obtained by addressing the Professor of Agri- 



The College is maintained at public expense for the public 
good, Those who participate in its benefits should therefore be 
required to fulfill faithfully their obligations as loyal members 
of the institution, of the community and of the commonwealth. 
All students owe to the public for its expenditure in their behalf 
an equivalent in the form of prompt performance of duties and 
of superior usefulness. As members of the community they 
are amenable to the law. The College recognizes its relation to 
the ccmmonwealth as a State institution and a part of the State 
government, and will in no case shield students from the conse- 
quences of any acts in violation of the State laws. Tins attitude 
is expressly recognized and commanded b} r an act of the Legisla- 
ture which requires that in the case of offences against the public 
order students, like other persons, shall be held responsible for 
their deeds by the officers of the law. The College will obey 
this command of the State both loyally and faithfully, and not 
only refrain from placing any obstacles in the way of the execu- 
tion of the law, but on the contrary do everything proper to 
i in its administration. 


The College Regulations for the government of the College in 
regard to the selection of studies, standings and grades, absences 
from recitations and examinations, rhetorical exercises, entrance 
conditions, leave of absence, attendance upon church and chapel, 
penalties, examinations and athletics are printed in full in the 
annual reporl of the President lor the calendar year ending 
December 31, I 

By these regulations, the quota of regular studies for each 

st udent is made to he such as to require, for a minimum, seventeen 

hours, and, for a maximum, twenty hours of class room work each 

In the application ol this rule, two hours of laboratory 

and of other exercises not requiring preparation, count, as 

one. The character of the work of members of the Sophomore 


and Freshman classes is announced by numerical standings ou a 
Bcale of one hundred. Only the general character of the work 
of members of the Senior and Junior classes is reported by assign- 
ing- each student to one of four grades. 

Excuses for absence from individual exercises are not required. 
Each student is expected to pursue his work in a manly way, 
absenting himself from college exercises only when he has suffi- 
cient reasons for doing so. Of these reasons he is to be the 
judge, but a student who is absent from ten per cent or more of 
the exercises in any study, is not admitted to the final examina- 
tion. A student who fails to pass at any examination, is absent 
or is excluded from any examination will have two opportunities 
to take special examinations in the stud}', one immediately before 
the beginning of each of the next two succeeding terms. If he 
is absent without sufficient reason from both of these special 
examinations, or fails to pass at one or the other, he is required 
to recite with the next class. 



No charge is made for tuition. Rooms in Oak Hall, the Col- 
lege dormitory, are free. The charges for heating and service 
vary according to the actual cost to the College. The cost of 
heating a room in the dormitory suitable for two persons is about 
ten dollars for each of the two terms. The incidental charges for 
heating and care of public rooms, services of janitor, etc, are 
about twenty-five dollars per annum. The students in the labora- 
tories and shops pay small fees, to cover cost the of material used. 


As the College is located more than a mile from each of the vil- 
lages of Orono and Stillwater, the College maintains a boarding- 
house for the convenience of those students who choose to board 
there. The boarding-house is in charge of Mr. Aaron E. Spencer, 
the steward. No efforts are spared to provide wholesome and 
palatable fare, with good service, at the most reasonable prices. 
The price of board for each term is fixed so as to cover expenses 
for service, materials and preparation. No charge is made for 
rental or repair of buildings. 

maim: STATE COLLEGE. 83 


The library in Coburn Hall contains about nine thousand bound 
volumes and many pamphlets. It is open during the morning of 
every day except Sunday, during the afternoon of every day 
except Tuesday and Thursday, and during the evenings of 
Tuesday and Thursday. Students are allowed direct access to 
the shelves. 

A reading room located on the first floor of Oak Hall is pro- 
vided with the principal daily and weekly newspapers. The 
library reading room in Coburn Hall contains the current issues 
of the most important magazines and reviews, literary and scien- 
tific, American and foreign. 



THE COLLEGE ASSOCIATIONS.— The following associa- 
tions for literary and other purposes exist among the students : 
The Q. T. V. Fraternity, The B. 0. IT. Fraternity, The K. 2. Fra- 
ternity, The A. T. ft. Fraternity, The Civil Engineering Society, 
The Young Men's Christian Association, The Literary Society, 
The Athletic Association, The Maine State College Publishing- 
Association, The Maine State College Electrical Society, The 
Reading Room Association. 

Young Men's Christian Association, composed of students, has 
for its object the promotion of Christian fellowship among its 
members and aggressive Christian work. Among its members 
are leaders in the athletic, social and intellectual life of the Col- 
lege. This united effort of the Christian young men to elevate 
the moral, social and spiritual life of the students has the hearty 
support of the Faculty. The Association maintains throughout 
the College year a series of lectures by eminent clergymen of the 
State, members of the Faculty, and other persons. 

THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONS. — The following associa- 
tions of the alumni have been organized: The East Maine 
Association — E. M. Blanding, Bangor, President. The West 
Maine Association— S. W. Bates, Portland, President; E. II. 
Elwell, Portland, Secretary. The Boston Association— L. C. 
Soni hard, President. The New York Association— A. J. Cald- 
well, President; L. W. Riggs, Secretary. The general alumni 
iii ion holds an annual meet Lng at Orono during Commence- 
ment week, [ts officers are as follows: 



Fred P. Briggs, Recording Secretary, Orono. 

Ralph k. Jones, Corresponding Secretary, Findlay^ Ohio, 

.1. X. Hart, Treasurer, Orono. 

L. II. Merrill, Necrologist, Orono. 



E. J. Haskell, Class of 1872, Westbrook. 

J. M. Oak, Class of 1873, Bangor. 

AY. Balentine, Class of 1874, Orono. 

E. F. Hitchings, Class of 1875, Bucksport. 

E. M. Blanding, Class of 1870, Bangor. 

8. W. (tOuld, Class of 1877, Skowhegan. 

John Lockb, Jr., Class of 1878, Portland. 

F. E. Kidder, Class of 1879, Denver, Col. 

A. H. Brown, Class of 1880, Old Town. 

H. M. PLAISTED, Class of 1881, St. Louis, Mo. 

W. R. Howard, Class of 1882, . . Saxton's Elver, Vt. 

L. W. JTaylor, Class of 1883, Pittsfield. 

G. H. Allen, Class of 1884, Portland. 

J. N. Hart, Class of 1885, Orono. 

R. K. Jones, Class of 1886 Findlay, Ohio. 

D. W. Colby, Class of 1887, Orono. 

T. G. Lord, Class of 1888, Showhegan. 

Nellie W. Reed, Class of 1889, Stillwater. 

N. C. Grover, Class of 1890, Orono. 

H. G. Menges, Class of 1891, Bangor. 

G. F. Atherton, - Class of 1892, Cape Elizabeth. 

G.-F. Rowe, Class of 1893, Bangor. 



The College publications are as follows : 

The Annual Catalogue of the Maine State College. — 
This contains statements of the courses of study, lists of the 
trustees, faculty, and students, and other information relating to 
the College. 

The Annual Report of the Trustees, President, and 
Treasurer to the Governor and Council of the State 
of Maine. — The reports of the Trustees and President include 
an account of the general affairs and interests of the College for 
the year, reports from the heads of the various departments of 
instruction, and the report from the director of the Experiment 
Station covering in detail its expenses, operations, investigations, 
and results. 

The College Bulletins. — These are occasional publications 
containing reports of the investigations or researches made by 
the College officers, or other information relating to the College 
of public interest. 

The Experiment Station Bulletins. —These are popular 
account- of the results of Station work which relate directly to 
farm practice. At least lour and usually twelve arc issued each 

Tm; ( \ i > i ; r . — This is a monthly newspaper published during 
the College year by an association of the students. It is devoted 
to the interests of the College, its students, and alumni. 

The Prism. This is an annual published by the Junior ('lass. 
It. contains information in regard to the College and its various 
organizations, and is elaborately illustrated. 

maim: state COLLEGE. 87 


Degrees Conferred at the Commencement in 1893. 

At the Commencement in June, 1893, the first degree was con- 
ferred in course on the following' persons as shown : 

Hosea Ballou Buck, B. C. E., Stillwater. 
Walter Wilson Crosby, B. C. E., Bangor. 
Charles Frederick French, B. M. E., Glenburn. 
Charles Henry Gannett, B. C. E., Augusta. 
George Weymouth Hutchinson, B. C. E., Orono. 
Walter Dows Jack, B. S., Topsham. 
Charles Prentiss Kittredge, B. S., Milo. 
Hugh McLellan Lewis, B. C. E., South Berwick. 
Charles Clark Murphy, B. C. E., Hampden. 
George Freeman Kowe, B. M. E., Bangor. 
Orrin John Shaw, B. C. E., Hampden. 
Harry Maubec Smith, B. M. E., Bangor. 
John Milton Webster, B. S., Augusta. 
George Ansel Whitney, B. M. E., Madison. 
Hiram Williams, B. S., Portland. 

The second degree was conferred on the following persons 
upon presentation of satisfactory theses and proof of professional 
and scientific work extending over a period of not less than three 
years : 

Francis Stephen Brick, M. S., Bernardston, Mass. 
Frank Edwin Emery, M. S., Raleigh, N. C. 
Chandler Cushman Harvey, C. E., Fort Fairfield. 
Arthur Dean Page, C. E., St. Cloud, Minn. 
Frank Adelbert Smith, C. E., St. Cloud, Minn. 
Winfield Scott Webb, C. E., Gallitzin, Penn. 
Nathaniel Estes Wilson, M. S., Reno, Nevada. 




The trustees have decreed that any person who shall pay to the 
treasurer a sum not less than seven hundred and fifty dollars for 
the endowment of a scholarship may have the privilege of assign- 
ing to it such name as he may prefer. 

THE KIDDER SCHOLARSHIP. — The Kidder Scholarship 
was endowed by Frank E. Kidder, C. E., of Denver, Colorado, a 
graduate of this College in the class of 1879, to be awarded to a 
member of the Junior class to be selected by the President and 
the Faculty of the College. 


The following prizes will be awarded during the present 
year :— 

Tin: Prentiss Prize, the gift of Mrs. Henry E. Prentiss of 
Bangor, will be awarded to that member of the Junior class who 
shall present the best oration at the Junior exhibition. In the 
award of this prize both the composition and the delivery of the 
oration will be considered. 

The Prentiss Declamation Prize, the gift of Mrs. Henry E. 
Prentiss of Bangor, Cor excellence in elocution, will be awarded 
to the best speaker in the Sophomore class. 

'I'm: Libbey Pri£e, the gilt of the Honorable Samuel Lib- 

oi Orono, will be, awarded to the student who shall present 

the best essay upon an agricultural topic. The essays must, be, 

handed to the Professor of Agriculture on or before the first 

Monday in June. 

'I'm, Franklin Danforth Prize, the gift of Eugene P. Dan- 

forth of Skowhegan, a graduate of the College in the class of 

]-::. in memory of his father, Franklin Danforth, will be 

awarded to thai member of the Senior class in the Agriculture 

who shall attain the highest standing. 


The Sophomore Standing Prize, the gift of a friend of the 
College who wishes to remain unknown, will be rewarded to that 
member of the Sophomore class who shall attain the highest 

The Freshman Standing Prize, the gift of a friend of the Col- 
lege who wishes to remain unknown, will be awarded to that 
member of the Freshmen class who shall attain the highest 

Mention for Military Excellence. — In accordance with 
the orders of the Adjutant General of the United States Army, 
the two cadets who attain the highest standing in the military 
department are reported to his office immediately after com- 
mencement, and their names are printed in the IJ. S. Army 

The Prizes were awarded last year as follows : 

The Prentiss Prize, to Herbert Murray of Rockland. 

The Prentiss Declamation Prize, to Oscar Llewellyn Grover of 
Redlands, California. 

The Libbey Prize, to Charles Prentiss Kittredge of Milo. 

The Franklin Danforth Prize, to Harris Perley Gould of North 

The Sophomore Standing Prize, to Ora Willis Knight of 
Bangor, and Earl Clinton Merrill of East Eddington. 

The Freshman Standing Prize, to Charles Partridge Weston of 

The military mention for highest standing in the military 
department w r as made of Cadet Major Walter Wilson Crosby of 
Bangor, and Cadet First Lieutenant and Quartermaster George 
Ansel Whitney of Madison. 



This fund, amounting to nearly one thousand dollars, was 
established by Nehemiah Kittredge of Bangor. It is in the con- 
trol of the President and Treasurer of the College, by whom it is 
loaned to needy students. In the deed of gift, it was prescribed 
that no security should be required further than personal notes 
bearing interest at the prevailing rate. Loans are made on the 
conditions that the interest shall be paid promptly, and that the 
principal shall be returned from the first earnings after gradua- 


PUBLIC WORSHIP. — Religious services of a simple character 
are held in the College chapel every morning except Saturday. 
All students are required to be present. Every student is 
required to attend one service on Sunday in one of the churches 
of the village. Voluntary religious services under the direction 
of the Young Men's Christian Association are held weekly. 

LOCATION.— The College has a pleasant and healthful location 
between tie- villages of Orono and Stillwater, about three miles 
from tie- city of Old Town, and nine miles from the city of Ban- 
gor. The village of Orono is upon ibe Maine Central Railroad 
w hich gives easy access to all parts of the State. The Stillwater 
riv<i. s tributary of tin- Penobscot, flows in front, of the build- 
ings, forming the western boundary of the College campus, and 
adding much beauty to the scenery. 




Second Lieutenant Mark L. Hersey, 9th U. S. Infantry, Com- 


Major— Cadet Edward B. Wood. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant — Cadet Frank G. Gould. 

First Lieutenant and Quartermaster — Cadet George H. Hall. 


Sergeant Major— Cadet Earl C. Merrill. 

Company A. 

Captain Cadet Herbert Murray. 

First Lieutenant Cadet Leon O. Norwood. 

Second Lieutenant Cadet Wallace H. Jose. 

First Sergeant Cadet Harold S. Boardman. 

Sergeant Cadet Frank C. Bowler. 

Sergeant Cadet George P. Cowan. 

Sergeant Cadet Ora W. Knight. 

Sergeant Cadet Oscar L. Grover. 

Corporal Cadet Frank L. Marston. 

Corporal Cadet Frederick A. Hobbs. 

Corporal Cadet Beecher D. Whitcomb. 

Corporal Cadet Herbert L. Niles. 

Corporal Cadet Edward E. Gibbs. 

Corporal Cadet Joseph W. Randlette. 


Company B. 

Captain Cadet James M. Kimball. 

First Lieutenant Cadet Edward H. Cowan. 

Second Lieutenant Cadet Augustus D. Hayes. 

First Sergeant Cadet Albion Moulton. 

Sergeant Cadet Wend all W. Chase. 

Sergeant Cadet Charles D. Thomas. 

Sergeant Cadet Melville F. Rollins. 

Sergeant Cadet . 

Corporal Cadet LeRoy R. Folsom. 

Corporal Cadet Paul D. Sargent. 

Corporal Cadet Perley Walker. 

Corporal Cadet Charles P. Weston. 

Corporal Cadet Frank E. Weymouth. 

Corporal Cadet Perley B. Palmer. 

Color Guard. 

Color Sergeant Cadet Isaac G. Calderwood. 

Cadet George W. Rumba ll. 
Cadet Leroy T. Durham. 

Field Music. 

Sergeant Cadet James W. Martin. 

Corporal Cadet Stanley J. Steward. 

Bugler Cadet Alfred H. Buck. 





Bowler, Frank Colburn, 
Cowan, Edward Henry, 
Cowan, George Parker, 
Durham, Leroy Tolford, 
Gilbert, Charles Edward, 
Gould, Frank Gilman, 
Gray, Jesse Alexander, 
Hall, George Harry, 
Harvey, James Elmore, 
Hayes, Augustus Daniel, 
Jose, Wallace Hight, 
Jordan, Alva Thomas, 
Kimball, James Mayberry, 
Murray, Herbert 
Norwood, Leon Orlando, 
Rumball, George Washington, 
Wood, Edward Butler, 


Orono, Eev. Mr. Bowler's. 

Orono, Mrs. Cowan's. 

Bangor, 11 Oak Hall. 

Monroe, 23 Oak Hall. 
Orono, Mr. Thomas Gilbert's. 

Orono, Mrs. Gould's. 

Old Town, 16 Oak Hall. 

Bangor, 4 Oak Hall. 

Beadfield, 2 B. 0. II. House. 

Belfast, 8 Q. T. V. House. 

Newport, 5 Q. T. V. House. 
Lexington, Kg., 6 Q T.V. House. 

Bangor, 4 Oak Hall. 

BocJdand, 6 Q. T. V. House. 

Union, Prof. Aubert's. 

Harrington, 14 Oak Hall. 

Camden, 6 Q. T. V. House. 


Boardman, Harold Sherburne, 
Buck, Alfred Howard, 
Calderwood, Isaac Glidden, 
Chase, Wendall Wyze, 
Damon, Frank, 
Duncan, Lindsey, 
Ellis, Merton Eugene, 
Folsom, LeRoy Rowell, 
Frost, Charles Albert, 
Grover, Oscar Llewellyn, 
de Haseth, Gerardus Andries, 
Knight, Ora Willis, 
Martin, James William, 
Merrill, Earl Clinton, 

Bangor, 3 B. 0. IT. House. 

Foxcroft, 2 B. 0. IT. House. 

Vinalhaven, 6 Q. T. V. House. 
Auburn, 2 B. 0. IT. House. 

Hampden, 9 Oak Hall. 

Northfield, Mass., 29 Oak Hall 
North Guilford, 8 Q. T. V. House. 
Corinna, 9 Oak Hall. 

Monmouth, 8 Q. T. V. House. 
Bedlands, Calif., Mr. Briggs'. 
Curacao, W. I., 5 Q. T. V. House. 
Bangor, Mrs. Graves'. 

Boston, Mass., Mrs. Graves'. 
East Eddington, 3 B. 0. IT. House. 



Moulton, Albion, 
Murphy, Walter Marshall, 
Pat tee, Clifford James, 
Rollins, Melville Frederick, 
Thomas, Charles Dura, 

Hiram, 5 Oak Hall. 

South Norridgewock, 15 Oak Hall. 
Belfast, 8 Q. T. V. House. 

Bangor, 13 Oak Hall. 

Brownville, 5 Oak Hall. 


Black, Fred Frasier, 

Sear sport, 

24 Oak Hall. 

Buffum, Charles Nathaniel, 



. e. n. House. 

Farrell, Harry Clifford, 


18 Oak Hall. 

Fernald, Roy Lynde, 


5 B. 

0. n. House. 

French, Frank Luther, 


Mrs. Cowan's. 

Gibbs, Edward Everett, 



, 6. n. House. 

Glidden, Everett Gray, 



. T.V. House. 

Gooch, Fred Burton, 


36 Oak Hall. 

Haley, George, 


24 Oak Hall. 

Hey wood, Hey wood Hall, 

New York, 

1 B 

. 0. n. House. 

Hobbs, Frederick Andrew, 


22 Oak Hall. 

Jeffery, George Wesley, 

North Monmouth, 

36 Oak Hall. 

Kidder, Elmer Elwood, 


22 Oak Hall. 

Lee, John Louis, 


15 Oak Hall. 

Manter, Ralph Barton, 


12 Oak Hall. 

Mars ton, Frank Leonard, 



T. V. House. 

Martin, Herman Stephen, 


31 Oak Hall. 

McLeod, Daniel James, 


26 Oak Hall. 

Niles, Herbert Lester, 


27 Oak Hall. 

Palmer, Perley Burnham, 

South Bridgton, 7 B 

. 0. n. House. 

Pride, Frank Perley, 


12 Oak Hall. 

Randlette, Joseph William, 


18 Oak Hall. 

Rogers, Lore Alford, 


16 Oak Hall. 

Sargent, Paul Dudley, 



T. V. House. 

Starr, .John Alvah, 



T. V. House. 

Steward. Stanley .John, 


20 Oak Hall. 

Tolman, Gilbert, 


12 Oak Hall. 

( frann, Marcus Libby, 


13 Oak Hall. 

Walker. Perley, 



T. V. House. 

Weymoul b, Frank Edwin, 

Met/ford Center, 

20 Oak Hall. 

Weston, ( 'harles Partridge, 


4 B. 

(). 11. House. 

Whitcomb, Beecher Davis, 


25 Oak Hall. 

Wilkin-, Gardiner Benson, 


25 Oak Hall. 


Albce, Plummer, Bichmond, 17 Oak Hall. 

-I. Edward ftfosely, ii<tiui><i<>n, 21 Oak Hall. 

Mis, Brevoer % Home. 

Bird, Tyler Hanson, Belfast, 22 Oak Hall. 



BrastOW, William Thomas, 
Bryer, Charles Sydney, 
Brown, William Bourne, 
Hunker, Stephen Sans, 
Chase, John Parks, 
Clary, Justin Robert, 
Coburn, William Bridgham, 
Cosmey, Stanwood Hill, 
Cowan, Arthur Sydney, 
Crowell, Walter Newton, • 
Dalot, Arthur John, 
Dow, Harry Eugene, 
Faruham, Charles Henry, 
Flint, Bert Whitaker, 
Fowler, William Nichols, 
Goodridge, Perley Francis, 
Gorham, Frank Edward, 
Goss, Austin Avery, 
Heath, Stanley Jacob, 
Holyoke, William Lawrence, 
Knights, George Ernest, 
Leavette, George Greenwood 
Macloon, Ernest Henry, 
Maxfield, William Alfred, 
Merrill, Edward Arthur, 
Patten, Andrew Jarvis, 
Porter, Joseph White Humphre 
Porter, Byron Frank, 
Rogers, Allen, 
Russell, Myron Roswell, 
Stevens, Howard Evelith, 
Stevens, Moses B., 
Upton, Edwin Carlton, 
White, Harvey Aaron, 

Bockport, 4 Q. T. V. House. 
Boothbay, 47 Oak Hall. 

Jay, Mr. Spearing's. 

Bar Harbor, 5 Q. T. V. House. 
Bath, 4 B. 0. II. House. 

Hallowell, 4 Q. T. V. House. 
Sherman Mills, Mr. Speariug's. 
Bangor, 6 B. G. II. House. 

Orono, Mr. Cowan's. 

Beverly, Mass., 23 Oak Hall. 

Dalotville, 3 Q. T. V. House. 
Searsport, 24 Oak Hall. 

Beverly, Mass., 21) Oak Hall. 
Thorndike, 31 Oak Hall. 

Searsport, 17 Oak Hall. 

Orono, Mr. Goodridge's. 

Bound Bond, 47 Oak Hall. 

Green's Landing, 38 Oak Hall. 
Bangor, 34 Oak Hall. 

Brewer, 35 Oak Hall. 

South Waterboro, 36 Oak Hall. 
South Berwick, Mr. Kinney's. 
Deering, 6 B. 9. II House. 

Bumford Falls, 35 Oak Hall. 
Winn, 33 Oak Hall. 

Cherry field, 20 Oak Hall. 

y, Stillwater, Home. 

Stillwater, Home. 

Hampden, Prof. Rogers'. 

Vernon, VU, 32 Oak Hall. 

Blue Hill, 31 Oak Hall. 

Cutler, 4 Q. T. V. House. 

Bath, 31 Oak Hall. 

Brewer, 32 Oak Hall. 


Achorn, Davis Tillson, 
Archie, John Francis, 
Atwood, Gustavus Gilbert, 
Brown, William Bell, 
Cole, Wallace John, 
Dole, Charles Frederick, 
Eaton, Oscar Edward, 
Farrar, Lottie Gertrude, 
Fislo, Albert, 
Gilbert, Walter Jesse, 

Bockland, Mrs. Cowan's. 

Hallowell, 28 Oak Hall. 

So. Carver, Mass., Mr. Spearing's. 
Solon, Mrs. Cow T an's. 

Dayton, 5 Oak Hall. 

Orrington, 33 Oak Hall. 

Bast Boston, Mass., 33 Oak Hall. 
Bangor, Mrs. Cowan's. 

St. Albans, Head House. 

Dexter, 6 Q. T. V. House. 



Goodridge, Nathan Eaton, 
Gould, Harris Perley, 
Gould, Vernon Kimball, 
Hamilton, Robert Whitman, 
Have}', Frank, 
Hayes, Fred Shaw, 
Haynes, Charles Erving, 
Holmes, Frank Lewis, 
Libby, Frank Josua, 
Miller, Leslie Butterfield, 
Morse, Percy Franklin, 
Xoyes, Charles Wood, 
Page, Warren Robin, 
Robinson, Halbert Gardiner, 
Robinson, William Chandler, 
Savage, Seth Herbert, 
Shaw, John Byron, 
Sheridan, Lena Matilda, 
Simpson, Erastus Roland, 
Smith, Arthur Nealley, 
Sprague, Edward Bela, 
Wilder, Harold Merrill, B. A., 

Orono, Mr. Goodridge's. 

North Bridgton, Head I louse. 
MUo, 11 Oak Hall. 

Saco, Mr. Elijah Webster's. 

West Sullivan, 
Herman Pond, 
West Hampden, 
Boston, Mass., 

13 Oak Hall. 

Head House. 


17 Oak Hall. 

Mr. Kinney's. 

Dairy House. 

12 Oak Hall. 

Prof. Hersey's. 

Mrs. Emery's. 

Patten, Mr. Elijah Webster's. 









5 Q. T. V. House. 
II Oak Hall. 
Dairy House. 
Prof. Aubert's. 
3 B. 0. n. House. 
19 Oak Hall. 
30 Oak Hall. 
33 Oak Hall. 


Seniors, 17 

Juniors, 19 

Sophomores, 33 

Freshmen, 33 

Special students, 32 

Total, 139